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Wood Research and Technology


Cellulose – Hemicelluloses – Lignin – Wood Extractives

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Cellulose triacetate from different sources: modification assessment through thermal and chemical characterization

Lucca C. MalucelliORCID iD: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4161-540X / Diego Lomonaco
  • Department of Organic and Inorganic Chemistry, Universidade Federal do Ceará, Building 940, Campus of Pici, 60455-970 Fortaleza, CE, Brazil
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Marco A.S.C. Filho
  • Universidade Positivo (UP), Pedro Viriato Parigot de Souza, 5300, Curitiba PR 81280-330, Brazil
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Washington L.E. Magalhães
Published Online: 2019-11-08 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/hf-2019-0035


Modification techniques have been widely employed to improve cellulose properties, thus increasing the diversity of industrial applications. While wood pulp cellulose is the most common source for industrial production, little has been studied about the effects of the cellulose source and its purity on modification. Therefore, this article investigates the influence of cellulose source (e.g. wood or cotton) on its modification (acetylation), by estimating the obtained degree of substitution (DS) through Fourier-transform infrared (FT-IR), proton nuclear magnetic resonance (1H NMR) and back titration. The intense reduction in samples’ crystallinity after acetylation was a result of breakage of inter- and intra-molecular hydrogen bonds, thus confirming acetylation. Although Avicel showed the highest cellulose content and was virtually free of hemicellulose and lignin, this did not affect the acetylation degree, as all samples were successfully triacetylated. The techniques used in this study were ideal for detecting acetylation and estimating the DS, which makes them good tools for modification studies of cellulose derivatives.

Keywords: acetylation; cellulose acetate; cellulose derivatives; esterification


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About the article

Received: 2019-02-12

Accepted: 2019-08-23

Published Online: 2019-11-08

Author contributions: All the authors have accepted responsibility for the entire content of this submitted manuscript and approved submission.

Research funding: None declared.

Employment or leadership: None declared.

Honorarium: None declared.

Conflict of interest: The authors declare they have no conflict of interest.

Citation Information: Holzforschung, 20190035, ISSN (Online) 1437-434X, ISSN (Print) 0018-3830, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/hf-2019-0035.

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