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Wood Research and Technology


Cellulose – Hemicelluloses – Lignin – Wood Extractives

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Wood color changes and termiticidal properties of teak heartwood extract used as a wood preservative

Victor Fassina BroccoORCID iD: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2529-6656 / Juarez Benigno Paes
  • Department of Forest and Wood Science, Federal University of Espírito Santo, Av. Governador Lindemberg, 316, 29550-000 Jerônimo Monteiro, Espírito Santo, Brazil
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Lais Gonçalves da Costa
  • Department of Forest and Wood Science, Federal University of Espírito Santo, Av. Governador Lindemberg, 316, 29550-000 Jerônimo Monteiro, Espírito Santo, Brazil
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Grant T. Kirker / Sérgio Brazolin
  • Institute for Technological Research of São Paulo State – IPT, Center for Forest Resources Technology, Av. Prof. Almeida Prado, 532, 05508-901 São Paulo, SP, Brazil
  • Other articles by this author:
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Published Online: 2019-11-08 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/hf-2019-0138


The aim of this study was to evaluate the change in colorimetric patterns and the termite resistance of light-colored and low durability wood when impregnated with teak (Tectona grandis) heartwood extractives. Hot water and ethanol extracts were obtained from 20-year-old teak heartwood and used to evaluate the influence on color change and the natural resistance of 10-year-old teak sapwood and Pinus sp. For wood impregnation, a full-cell (Bethell) treatment was conducted. To verify the influence of the teak extracts, the colorimetric patterns of wood were determined using the Munsell and CIE-L*a*b* systems. Choice and no-choice feeding tests were performed under laboratory conditions to test the efficacy of the teak extract solutions against two termite species Nasutitermes corniger and Cryptotermes brevis. All of the extract solutions promoted a significant darkening of the wood, bringing the color of the impregnated wood closer to older teak heartwood than the untreated samples of the respective species. Ethanol extracts increased the resistance and mortality against N. corniger in both choice and no-choice tests. Resistance to C. brevis was not clearly affected.

Keywords: eco-friendly preservative; natural extracts; Tectona grandis; termite resistance; wood color modifier; wood protection


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About the article

Received: 2019-05-10

Accepted: 2019-08-27

Published Online: 2019-11-08

Author contributions: All the authors have accepted responsibility for the entire content of this submitted manuscript and approved submission.

Research funding: This study was financed in part by the Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior – Brasil (CAPES) – Finance Code 001.

Employment or leadership: None declared.

Honorarium: None declared.

Conflict of interest: The authors wish to confirm that there are no known conflicts of interest associated with this publication.

Citation Information: Holzforschung, 20190138, ISSN (Online) 1437-434X, ISSN (Print) 0018-3830, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/hf-2019-0138.

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