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Cellulose – Hemicelluloses – Lignin – Wood Extractives

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Contribution of lignin to the stress transfer in compression wood viewed by tensile FTIR loading

Hui Peng
  • Research Institute of Wood Industry of Chinese Academy of Forestry, Hunan Collaborative Innovation Center for Effective Utilizing of Wood and Bamboo Resources, Beijing 100091, P.R. China
  • Other articles by this author:
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/ Lennart Salmén / Jiali Jiang
  • Research Institute of Wood Industry of Chinese Academy of Forestry, Hunan Collaborative Innovation Center for Effective Utilizing of Wood and Bamboo Resources, Beijing 100091, P.R. China
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Jianxiong Lu
  • Corresponding author
  • Research Institute of Wood Industry of Chinese Academy of Forestry, Hunan Collaborative Innovation Center for Effective Utilizing of Wood and Bamboo Resources, Beijing 100091, P.R. China
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Published Online: 2019-11-13 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/hf-2019-0206


To achieve efficient utilization of compression wood (CW), a deeper insight into the molecular interactions is necessary. In particular, the role of lignin in the wood needs to be better understood, especially concerning how lignin contributes to its mechanical properties. For this reason, the properties of CW and normal wood (NW) from Chinese fir (Cunninghamia lanceolata) have been studied on a molecular scale by means of polarized Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, under both static and dynamic loading conditions. Under static tensile loading, only molecular deformations of cellulose were observed in both CW and NW. No participation of lignin could be detected. In relation to the macroscopic strain, the molecular deformation of the cellulose C-O-C bond was greater in NW than in CW as a reflection of the higher microfibril angle and the lower load taken up by CW. Under dynamic deformation, a larger contribution of the lignin to stress transfer was detected in CW; the molecular deformation of the lignin being highly related to the amplitude of the applied stress. Correlation analysis indicated that there was a direct coupling between lignin and cellulose in CW, but there was no evidence of such a direct coupling in NW.

This article offers supplementary material which is provided at the end of the article.

Keywords: cellulose; compression wood; FTIR; lignin; mechanical properties; polymer interaction; softwood


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About the article

Received: 2019-08-14

Accepted: 2019-10-22

Published Online: 2019-11-13

Funding Source: National Key Research and Development Program of China

Award identifier / Grant number: 2017YFD0600202

This research was sponsored by the National Key Research and Development Program of China (2017YFD0600202). Hui Peng has a fellowship from the China Scholarship Council (CSC).

Author contributions: All the authors have accepted responsibility for the entire content of this submitted manuscript and approved submission.

Employment or leadership: None declared.

Honorarium: None declared.

Citation Information: Holzforschung, 20190206, ISSN (Online) 1437-434X, ISSN (Print) 0018-3830, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/hf-2019-0206.

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