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Hormone Molecular Biology and Clinical Investigation

Editor-in-Chief: Chetrite, Gérard S.

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Volume 32, Issue 3


Back pain in pregnancy among office workers: risk factors and its impact on quality of life

Beng Kwang Ng
  • Corresponding author
  • Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre, Jalan Yaacob Latiff, Cheras, 56000 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, Phone: +603-91455949, Fax: +603-91456672
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Mardiana Kipli / Abdul Kadir Abdul Karim
  • Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Suhaila Shohaimi / Nur Azurah Abdul Ghani
  • Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Pei Shan Lim
  • Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2017-09-04 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/hmbci-2017-0037



Back pain is a common presenting complaint during pregnancy and it is often being considered as part of the pregnancy process. The purpose of the study is to investigate the prevalence of back pain in pregnancy, risk factors and its impact on the quality of life in pregnant women.

Materials and methods

Three hundred and fifty-eight pregnant women who attended the antenatal clinic in Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM) Medical Centre were recruited in this cross-sectional study from October 2011 until April 2012. The back pain was further classified into lumbar pain and posterior pelvic pain. The severity of back pain was assessed using visual analoque scale (VAS) and the functional limitation was assessed using the Oswestry Disability Questionnaire (ODQ).


The prevalence of back pain in pregnancy was 84.6%. Occupation and previous history of back pain were associated with back pain in pregnancy. In terms of functional limitation disability, total ODQ score was statistically significant correlate with severity of pain (VAS score). Personal care, sitting, standing, sex life and social life were significantly affected.


The risk factors for back pain in pregnancy were type of occupation and history of back pain. The higher VAS score, the more ODQ will be affected. Personal care, sitting, standing, sex life and social life were significantly affected.

Keywords: back pain; office occupation; Oswestry Disability Questionnaire; pregnancy; visual analoque scale


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About the article

Received: 2017-06-01

Accepted: 2017-07-04

Published Online: 2017-09-04

Author Statement

Research funding: Authors state no funding involved.

Conflict of interest: Authors state no conflict of interest.

Informed consent: Informed consent has been obtained from all individuals.

Ethical approval: The research related to human use complies with all the relevant national regulations and institutional policies, was performed in accordance with the tenets of the Helsinki Declaration. This study was approved by UKM Research Ethics Committee (UKMREC) and given the project code FF-383-2011.

Submission declaration: The study was presented as oral presentation at 2nd O&G Scientific Meeting at Hotel Palace of the Golden Horses, Malaysia on 13th April 2012.

Citation Information: Hormone Molecular Biology and Clinical Investigation, Volume 32, Issue 3, 20170037, ISSN (Online) 1868-1891, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/hmbci-2017-0037.

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