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High Temperature Materials and Processes

Editor-in-Chief: Fukuyama, Hiroyuki

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Volume 37, Issue 4

Issues

Comparative Evaluation of Spark Plasma and Conventional Sintering of NiO/YSZ Layers for Metal-Supported Solid Oxide Fuel Cells

A. S. Ivashutenko
  • Department of electrical supply of industrial enterprises, National Research Tomsk Polytechnic University, 30 Lenin Avenue, Tomsk, Russia 634050
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/ I. V. Ionov
  • Laboratory of Heat and Mass Transfer Problems in Plasma Processes and Hydrogen Fuel Cells, National Research Tomsk Polytechnic University, 30 Lenin Avenue, Tomsk, Russia 634050
  • Institute of High Current Electronics, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, 2/3 Akademichesky Avenue, Tomsk, Russia 634055
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/ A. S. Maznoy / A. A. Sivkov
  • Department of electrical supply of industrial enterprises, National Research Tomsk Polytechnic University, 30 Lenin Avenue, Tomsk, Russia 634050
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/ A. A. SolovyevORCID iD: http://orcid.org/0000-0001-7775-9769
  • Corresponding author
  • Department of Experimental Physics, National Research Tomsk Polytechnic University, 30 Lenin Avenue, Tomsk, Russia 634050
  • Institute of High Current Electronics, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, 2/3 Akademichesky Avenue, Tomsk, Russia 634055
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Published Online: 2017-05-05 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/htmp-2016-0193

Abstract

NiO/YSZ anode layers for metal-supported solid oxide fuel cells (MS-SOFCs) were fabricated by spark plasma sintering (SPS). SPS parameters were optimized in order to achive anodes of the desired microstructure. The effect of sintering conditions on microstructure of NiO/YSZ was studied by scanning electron microscopy and X-ray diffractometry. Also NiO/YSZ layers were formed on porous metal supports by a screen-printing method and sintered in inert atmosphere and vacuum by conventional sintering technique. At temperatures above 1,200 °С in inert atmosphere and vacuum nickel oxide dissociation and its massive agglomeration are observed during conventional sintering. SPS process allows sintering of NiO/YSZ granules without NiO dissociation, Ni agglomeration and the metal substrate oxidation at 1,100 °С. SPS sintered anodes demonstrate sufficiently homogeneous distribution of NiO and YSZ making a conduction path for electrons and ions. Well-bonded metal support/anode interface was obtained.

Keywords: solid oxide fuel cell; spark plasma sintering; anode; cermet; microstructure

PACS: 81.20.Ev

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About the article

Received: 2016-09-06

Accepted: 2017-03-01

Published Online: 2017-05-05

Published in Print: 2018-03-26


This research was funded by subsidies in the framework of the program to improve the competitiveness of TPU and Project VIU_NU_187_2014.


Citation Information: High Temperature Materials and Processes, Volume 37, Issue 4, Pages 351–356, ISSN (Online) 2191-0324, ISSN (Print) 0334-6455, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/htmp-2016-0193.

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