Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Journal of Human Kinetics

The Journal of Academy of Physical Education in Katowice

4 Issues per year

IMPACT FACTOR 2016: 0.798
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 1.252

CiteScore 2016: 1.16

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2016: 0.483
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2016: 0.792

Open Access
See all formats and pricing
More options …
Just Accepted


Aerobic and Anaerobic Energy During Resistance Exercise at 80% 1RM

Jefferson Vianna / Jorge Lima / Francisco Saavedra
  • Research Centre for Sport Sciences, Health and Human Development (CIDESD), Vila Real, Portugal
  • Department of Sport Sciences, University of Trás-os-Montes and Alto Douro (UTAD), Vila Real, Portugal
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Victor Reis
  • Research Centre for Sport Sciences, Health and Human Development (CIDESD), Vila Real, Portugal
  • Department of Sport Sciences, University of Trás-os-Montes and Alto Douro (UTAD), Vila Real, Portugal
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2011-10-04 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/v10078-011-0061-6

Aerobic and Anaerobic Energy During Resistance Exercise at 80% 1RM

The present study investigated the accumulated oxygen deficit (AOD) method to assess the energy cost in resistance exercises (RE). The aim of the study was to evaluate the aerobic and anaerobic energy release during resistance exercises performed at 80% 1-RM in four exercises (half squat, bench press, triceps extension and lat pull down), as well as the accuracy of its estimation. The sample comprised 14 men (age = 26.6 ± 4.9 years; height = 177.7 ± 0.1 cm; body mass = 79.0 ± 11.1 kg; and estimated fat mass = 10.5 ± 4.6%). Test and re-test of 1-RM were applied to every exercise. Low-intensity bouts at 12, 16, 20, and 24% of 1-RM were conducted. Energy cost was then extrapolated to 80% 1-RM exhaustive bout and relative energy contribution were assessed. By utilizing the AOD method, the results of the present study suggest a great proportion of anaerobic metabolism during exercise at 80% 1-RM in the four RE that were analyzed: Bench press = 77,66±6,95%; Half squat = 87,44±6,45%; Triceps extension = 63,91±9,22%; Lat pull down = 71,99±13,73 %. The results of the present study suggest that AOD during resistance exercises presents a pattern that does not match the reports in the literature for other types of exercise. The accuracy of the total energy demand estimation at 80% 1-RM was acceptable in the Bench press, in the Triceps extension and in the Lat pull down, but no in the Half squat. More studies are warranted to investigate the validity of this method in resistance exercise.

Keywords: resistance exercise; oxygen uptake; accumulated oxygen deficit

  • Bangsbo J. Quantification of anaerobic energy production during intense exercise. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 1998; 30(1): 47-52.CrossrefPubMedGoogle Scholar

  • Beckham SG, Earnest CP. Metabolic cost of frec weight circuit weight training. J Sports Med Phys Fit, 2000; 40(2): 118-25.Google Scholar

  • Gastin PB. Quantification of anaerobic capacity. Scand J Med Sci Sports, 1994; 4: 91-112.Google Scholar

  • Haltom RW, Kraemer RR, Sloan RA, Hebert EP, Frank K, Tryniecki JL. Circuit weight training and its effects on excess postexercise oxygen uptake. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 1999; 31(11): 1613-8.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Hermanssen L, Medbo J. The relative significance of aerobic and anerobic processes during maximal exercise of short duration. In: Marconnet P, Poortmans J, Hermanssen L (eds). Physiology and Chemistry of Training and Detraining. Basel: Karger, 1984; 56-67.Google Scholar

  • Hoeger WW, Hopkins DR, Barette SL, Hale DF. Relationship betwecn repetitions and selected percentages of one repetition maximum: a comparison betwecn untrained and trained males and females. J Appl Sport Sci Res, 1990; 4(2): 47-61.Google Scholar

  • Hunter GR, Seclhorst D, Snyder S. Comparison of metabolic and heart rate responses to super slow vs. traditional resistance training. J Strength Cond Res, 2003; 17(1): 76-81.PubMedGoogle Scholar

  • Jackson AS, Pollock ML. Generalized equations for predicting body density of men. Br J Nutr, 1978; 40(3): 497-504.PubMedCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Medbo JI, Burgers S. Effect of training on the anaerobic capacity. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 1990; 22(4): 501-7.PubMedGoogle Scholar

  • Medbo JI, Mohn AC, Tabata I, Bahr R, Vaage O, Sejersted OM. Anaerobic capacity determined by maximal accumulated O2 deficit. J Appl Physiol, 1988; 64(1): 50-60.PubMedGoogle Scholar

  • Medbo JI, Tabata I. Relative importance of aerobic and anaerobic energy release during short-lasting exhausting bicycle exercise. J Appl Physiol, 1989; 67(5): 1881-6.PubMedGoogle Scholar

  • Ogita F, Hara M, Tabata I. Anaerobic capacity and maximal oxygen uptake during arm stroke, leg kicking and whole body swimming. Acta Physiol Scand, 1996; 157(4): 435-41.CrossrefPubMedGoogle Scholar

  • Olesen HL. Accumulated oxygen deficit increases with inclination of uphill running. J Appl Physiol, 1992; 73(3): 1130-4.PubMedGoogle Scholar

  • Phillips WT, Ziuraitis JR. Energy Cost of Single-Set Resistance Training in Older Adults. J Strength Cond Res, 2004; 18(3): 606-9.PubMedGoogle Scholar

  • Phillips WT., Ziuraitis JR. Energy Cost of the ACSM Single-set Resistance Training Protocol. J Strength Cond Res, 2003; 17(2): 350-5.PubMedCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Pollock ML. Physiological characteristics of older champion track athletes. Res Quart Exerc Sport, 1974; 45(4): 363-73.Google Scholar

  • Rassier DE, MacIntosh BR, Herzog W. Length dependence of active force production in skeletal muscle. J Appl Physiol, 1999; 86(5): 1445-57.PubMedGoogle Scholar

  • Reis VM, Duarte JA, Espírito-Santo J, Russell AP. Determination of Accumulated Oxygen Deficit during a 400 m run. J Exerc Physiol, 2004; 7(2): 77-83.Google Scholar

  • Robergs RA, Gordon T, Reynolds J, Walker TB. Energy Expenditure During Bench Press and Squat Exercises. J Strength Cond Res, 2007; 21(1): 123-30.CrossrefPubMedWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Russell AP, Le Rossignol P, Snow RJ, Lo SK. Improving the Precision of the Accumulated Oxygen Deficit Using VO2-Power Regression Points from Below and above the Lactate Threshold. J Exerc Physiol, 2002; 5(1): 23-31.Google Scholar

  • Schuenke MD, Mikat RP, McBride JM. Effect of an acute period of resistance exercise on excess post-exercise oxygen uptake: implications for body mass management. Eur J Appl Physiol, 2002; 86(5): 411-7.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Scott CB, Croteau A, Ravlo T. Energy Expenditure Before, During, and After the Bench Press. J Strength Cond Res, 2009; 23(2): 611-8.CrossrefPubMedWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Scott CB, Roby FB, Lohman TG, Bunt JC. The maximally accumulated oxygen deficit as an indicator of anaerobic capacity. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 1991; 23(5): 618-24.PubMedGoogle Scholar

  • Scott CB. Contribution of Blood Lactate To the Energy Expenditure of Weight Training. J Strength Cond Res, 2006; 20(2): 404-11.PubMedGoogle Scholar

  • Short KR, Sedlock DA. Excess postexercise oxygen uptake and recovery rate in trained and untrained subjects. J Appl Physiol, 1997; 83(1): 153-9.PubMedGoogle Scholar

  • Spencer MR, Gastin PB. Energy system contribution during 200- to 1500-m running in highly trained athletes. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 2001; 33(1): 157-62.Web of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Weber CL, Schneider DA. Increases in maximal accumulated oxygen deficit after high-intensity interval training are not gender dependent. Journal of Applied Physiology, 2002; 92(5): 1795-1801.Google Scholar

About the article

Published Online: 2011-10-04

Published in Print: 2011-09-01

Citation Information: Journal of Human Kinetics, Volume 29A, Issue Special Issue, Pages 69–74, ISSN (Online) 1899-7562, ISSN (Print) 1640-5544, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/v10078-011-0061-6.

Export Citation

This content is open access.

Citing Articles

Here you can find all Crossref-listed publications in which this article is cited. If you would like to receive automatic email messages as soon as this article is cited in other publications, simply activate the “Citation Alert” on the top of this page.

Minkwon Cho, Ju-Yeun Kang, Ji-Hoon Oh, Jun-Gu Wu, Eun-Byul Choi, Si-Eun Park, and Matthew Choi
Physical Therapy Rehabilitation Science, 2017, Volume 6, Number 1, Page 39

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in