Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details

Journal of Human Kinetics

The Journal of Academy of Physical Education in Katowice

4 Issues per year


IMPACT FACTOR 2015: 0.770
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 1.014

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2015: 0.503
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2015: 0.855
Impact per Publication (IPP) 2015: 1.154

Open Access
Online
ISSN
1899-7562
See all formats and pricing
Just Accepted

Issues

Relationships Between Vertical Jump and Full Squat Power Outputs With Sprint Times in U21 Soccer Players

Manuel López-Segovia
  • Research Section, Murcia Soccer Federation, Murcia, Spain
/ Mário Marques
  • Department of Sport Sciences, University of Beira Interior, Covilhã, Portugal
  • Research Centre for Sport, Health and Human Development, Vila Real, Portugal
/ Roland van den Tillaar
  • Research Centre for Sport, Health and Human Development, Vila Real, Portugal
  • Department of Teacher Education and Sports of Sogn, Fjordane University College, Norway
/ Juan González-Badillo
  • Department of Exercise Science, University of Pablo de Olavide, Seville, Spain
Published Online: 2011-12-25 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/v10078-011-0081-2

Relationships Between Vertical Jump and Full Squat Power Outputs With Sprint Times in U21 Soccer Players

The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between power variables in the vertical jump and full squat with the sprint performance in soccer players. Fourteen under-21 soccer players were evaluated in two testing sessions separated by 7 days. In the first testing session, vertical jump height in countermovement was assessed, and power output for both loaded countermovement jump (CMJL) and full squat (FS) exercises in two progressive load tests. The second testing session included sprinting at 10, 20, and 30m (T10, T20, T30, T10-20, T10-30, T20-30). Power variables obtained in the loaded vertical jump with 20kg and full squat exercise with 70kg showed significant relationships with all split times (r=-0.56/-0.79; p≤ 0.01/0.01). The results suggest that power produced either with vertical jump or full squat exercises is an important factor to explain short sprint performance in soccer players. These findings might suggest that certain levels of neuromuscular activation are more related with sprint performance reflecting the greater suitability of loads against others for the improvement of short sprint ability in under-21 soccer players.

Keywords: strength; physical capacity; vertical jump; full squat; team sports

  • ACSM. American College of Sports Medicine position stand. Progression models in resistance training for healthy adults. Med Sci Sports Exercise, 2009; 41: 687-708.

  • Baker D. Comparison of upper-body strength and power between professional and college-aged rugby players. J Strength Cond Res, 2001; 15: 30-35. [PubMed]

  • Baker D, Nance S. The relationship between running speed and measures of strength and power in professional rugby league players. J Strength Cond Res, 1999; 13: 230-235. [Web of Science]

  • Baker D, Nance S, Moore M. The load that maximizes the average mechanical power output during jump squats in power-trained athletes. J Strength Cond Res, 2001; 15: 92-97. [PubMed]

  • Bangsbo J. The physiology of soccer: with special reference to intense Intermittent exercise. Acta Physiol Scand, 1994; 15 (Suppl): 1-156.

  • Bradley PS, Di Mascio M, Peart D, Olsen P, Sheldon, B. High-intensity activity profiles of elite soccer players at different performance levels. J Strength Cond Res, 2010; 24: 2343-2351. [Crossref] [Web of Science] [PubMed]

  • Bradley PS, Sheldon W, Wooster B, Olsen P, Boanas P, Krustrup P. High-intensity running in English FA Premier League soccer matches. J Strength Cond Res, 2009; 15: 159-168. [Web of Science]

  • Chelly MS, Fathloun M, Cherif N, Ben Amar M, Tabka Z, Van Praagh E. Effects of a back squat training program on leg power, jump, and sprint performances in junior soccer players. J Strength Cond Res, 2009; 23: 2241-2249. [Crossref] [PubMed]

  • Cometti G, Maffiuletti NA, Pousson M, Chatard JC, Maffulli N. Isokinetic strength and anaerobic power of elite, subelite and amateur French soccer players. Int J Sports Med, 2001; 22: 45-51. [Crossref] [PubMed]

  • Cronin JB, Hansen KT. Strength and power predictors of sport speed. J Strength Cond Res, 2005; 19: 349-357. [PubMed]

  • Dellal A, Chamari C, Wong DP, Ahmaidi S, Keller D, Barros MLR, Bisciotti GN, Carling C. Comparison of physical and technical performance in European professional soccer match-play: The FA Premier League and La LIGA. Eur J Sport Sci, 2011; 11: 51-59. [Crossref]

  • Di Salvo V, Gregson W, Atkinson G, Tordoff P, Drust B. Analysis of high intensity activity in Premier League Soccer. Int J Sports Med, 2009; 30: 205-212. [Crossref] [PubMed]

  • González-Badillo, JJ, Marques, MC. Relationship between kinematic factors and countermovement jump height in trained track and field athletes. J Strength Cond Res, 2010; 24: 3443-3447. [Crossref] [Web of Science]

  • Gorostiaga EM, Izquierdo M, Ruesta M, Iribarren J, González-Badillo JJ, Ibáñez, J. Strength training effects on physical performance and serum hormones in young soccer players. Eur J Appl Physiol, 2004; 91: 698-707. [Crossref] [PubMed]

  • Habibi W, Shabani M, Rahimi E, Fatemi R, Najafi A, Analoei H, Hosseini M. Relationship between Jump Test Results and Acceleration Phase of Sprint Performance in National and Regional 100 m Sprinters. J Human Kinetics, 2010; 23: 29-35.

  • Haff GG, Withley A, Potteiger JA. A brief review: Explosive exercises and sports performance. Strength Cond J, 2001; 23: 13-20.

  • Harris NK, Cronin JB, Hopkins WG, Hansen KT. Inter-relationships between machine squat-jump strength, force, power and 10 m sprint times in trained sportsmen. J Sports Med Phys Fitness, 2010; 50: 37-42.

  • Harris, NK, Cronin, JB, Hopkins, WG, Hansen, KT. Relationship between sprint times and the strength/power outputs of a machine squat jump. J Strength Cond Res, 2008a; 22: 691-698. [PubMed] [Crossref]

  • Harris NK, Cronin JB, Hopkins WG, Hansen KT. Squat jump training at maximal power loads vs. heavy loads: effect on sprint ability. J Strength Cond Res, 2008b; 22: 1742-1749. [PubMed] [Web of Science] [Crossref]

  • Helgerud J, Engen LC, Wisloff U, Hoff J. Aerobic endurance training improves soccer performance. Med Sci Sports Exer, 2001; 33: 1925-1931. [Crossref]

  • Henessy L, Kilty J. Relationship of the stretch-shortening cycle to sprint performance in trained female athletes. J Strength Cond Res, 2001; 15: 326-331.

  • Hoff J, Helgerud J. Endurance and strength training for soccer players: Physiological considerations. Sports Med, 2004; 34: 165-180. [Crossref] [PubMed]

  • Hopkins WG. Measures of reliability in sports medicine and science. Sports Med, 2000; 30: 1-15. [PubMed] [Crossref]

  • López-Segovia M, Palao JM, González-Badillo JJ. Effect of four months of training on aerobic power, sterngth, and acceleration in two under-19 soccer teams. J Strength Cond Res, 2010; 24: 2705-2714. [Crossref] [Web of Science]

  • Marques, MC, González-Badillo, JJ. In-season Resistance Training and Detraining in Professional Team Handball Players. J Strength Cond Res, 2006; 20: 563-571. [PubMed]

  • McBride JM, Tripplett-McBride T, Davie A, Newton RU. The effect of heavy vs. ligth load jump squats on the development of strength, power, and speed. J Strength Cond Res, 2002; 16: 75-82.

  • Meylan C, Malatesta D. Effects of in-season plyometric training within soccer pratice on explosive actions of young players. J Strength Cond Res, 2009; 23: 2605-2613. [Crossref]

  • Moritani T. Neuromuscular adaptations during the acquisition of muscle strngth, power and motor task. J Biomech, 1993; 26: 95-107. [Crossref]

  • Mújica I, Santiesteban J, Castagna C. In-season effect of short-term sprint and power training programs on elite junior soccer players. J Strength Cond Res, 2009; 23: 2581-2587. [Crossref]

  • Murphy A, Lockie RG, Coutts AJ. Kinematic determinants of early acceleration in field sports athletes. J Sports Sci Med, 2003; 2: 144-150. [PubMed]

  • Nesser TW, Latin RW, Berg K, Prentice E. Physiological determinants of 40-meter sprint performance in young male athletes. J Strength Cond Res, 1996; 10: 263-267.

  • Núñez VM, Da Silva-Grigoletto ME, Castillo, EF, Poblador, MS, Lancho JL. Effects of training exercises for the development of strength and endurance in soccer. J Strength Cond Res, 2008; 22: 518-524. [Crossref] [PubMed]

  • Requena B, González-Badillo JJ, Saez de Villarreal ES, Ereline J, García I, Gapeyeva H, Pääsuke M. Functional performance, maximal strength, and power characteristics in isometric and dynamic actions of lower extremities in soccer players. J Strength Cond Res, 2009; 23: 1391-1401. [Web of Science] [Crossref] [PubMed]

  • Rienzi E, Drust B, Reilly T, Carter JEL, Martin A. Investigation of anthtopometric and work-rate profiles of elite South American international players. J Sports Med Phys Fitness, 2000; 40: 162-169. [PubMed]

  • Ronnestad BR, Kvamme NH, Sunde A, Raastad T. Short-term effects of strength and plyometric training on sprint and jump performance in professional soccer players. J Strength Cond Res, 2008; 22: 773-780. [Crossref] [PubMed]

  • Sleivert G, Taingahue M. The relationship between maximal kump-squat power and sprint acceleration in athletes. Eur J Appl Physiol, 2005; 91: 46-53.

  • Thorlund JB, Aagaard P, Madsen K. Rapid muscle force capacity changes after soccer match play. Int J Sports Med, 2009; 30: 273-278. [Crossref] [PubMed]

  • Vitaasalo JP. Measurement of force-velocity characteristics for sportmen in field conditions. In: Biomechanics IX-A, 1985. Ed: Winter, D. A., Norman, R. W., Wells, R. P. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics. 91-95.

  • Wilson GJ, Lyttle AD, Ostrowski KJ, Murphy AJ. Assessing dynamic performance: a comparison of rate of force development tests. J Strength Cond Res, 1995; 9: 176-181.

  • Wilson GR, Newton R, Murphy A, Humphries B. The optimal training load for the development of dynamic athletic performance. Med Sci Sports Exercise, 1993; 23: 1279-1286.

  • Wisloff U, Helgerud J, Hoff J. Strength and endurance of elite soccer players. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 1998; 30: 462-467. [PubMed] [Crossref]

  • Wisloff U, Castagna C, Helgerud J, Jones R, Hoff J. Strong correlation of maximal squat strength with sprint performance and vertical jump height in elite soccer players. Br J Sports Med, 2004; 38: 285-288. [PubMed] [Crossref]

  • Young W, McLean M, Ardagna J. Relationship between strength qualities and sprinting performance. J Sports Med Phys Fitness, 1995; 35, 13-19. [PubMed]

About the article


Published Online: 2011-12-25

Published in Print: 2011-12-01


Citation Information: Journal of Human Kinetics, ISSN (Online) 1899-7562, ISSN (Print) 1640-5544, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/v10078-011-0081-2. Export Citation

This content is open access.

Citing Articles

Here you can find all Crossref-listed publications in which this article is cited. If you would like to receive automatic email messages as soon as this article is cited in other publications, simply activate the “Citation Alert” on the top of this page.

[1]
Irineu Loturco, Ricardo A. DʼAngelo, Victor Fernandes, Saulo Gil, Ronaldo Kobal, Cesar C. Cal Abad, Katia Kitamura, and Fabio Y. Nakamura
Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 2015, Volume 29, Number 3, Page 758
[2]
P.T. Nikolaidis, A. Dellal, G. Torres-Luque, and J. Ingebrigtsen
Science & Sports, 2015, Volume 30, Number 1, Page e7
[3]
Stănculescu George, Melenco Ionel, and Popa Cristian
Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 2014, Volume 117, Page 275
[4]
P.C.B. Lollo, J. Amaya-Farfan, I.C. Faria, J.V.V. Salgado, M.P.T. Chacon-Mikahil, A.G. Cruz, C.A.F. Oliveira, P.C. Montagner, and M. Arruda
International Dairy Journal, 2014, Volume 34, Number 1, Page 19

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in