Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Journal of Human Kinetics

The Journal of Academy of Physical Education in Katowice

4 Issues per year

IMPACT FACTOR 2016: 0.798
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 1.252

CiteScore 2016: 1.16

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2016: 0.483
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2016: 0.792

Open Access
See all formats and pricing
More options …
Volume 42, Issue 1


Biomechanical Analysis of the Jump Shot in Basketball

Artur Struzik / Bogdan Pietraszewski / Jerzy Zawadzki
Published Online: 2014-10-10 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/hukin-2014-0062


Basketball players usually score points during the game using the jump shot. For this reason, the jump shot is considered to be the most important element of technique in basketball and requires a high level of performance. The aim of this study was to compare the biomechanical characteristics of the lower limbs during a jump shot without the ball and a countermovement jump without an arm swing. The differences between variables provide information about the potential that an athlete can utilise during a game when performing a jump shot. The study was conducted among 20 second-league basketball players by means of a Kistler force plate and the BTS SMART system for motion analysis. The variables measured included the take-off time, mean power, peak power, relative mean power, jump height, maximum landing force and calculated impact ratio. Surprisingly, more advantageous variables were found for the jump shot. This finding suggests a very high performance level in the jump shot in the studied group and a maximum utilisation of their motor abilities. Both types of jumps were characterised by high mean and peak power values and average heights. The high forces at landing, which result in considerable impact ratios, may have prompted the studied group to land softly. Use of the countermovement jump without an arm swing is recommended to assess and predict the progression of player’s jumping ability

Keywords: basketball; jump shot; countermovement jump; power; soft landing


  • Alemdaroğlu U. The relationship between muscle strength, anaerobic performance, agility, sprint ability and vertical jump performance in professional basketball players. J Hum Kinet, 2012; 31: 149-158PubMedGoogle Scholar

  • Bober T, Rutkowska-Kucharska A, Szpala A. Hard vs. soft landing in depth jump. Acta Bioeng Biomech, 2002; 4(suppl. 1): 595-596Google Scholar

  • Boraczyński T, Urniaż J. The effect of plyometric training on strength-speed abilities of basketball players. Research Yearbook, 2008; 14(1): 14-19Google Scholar

  • Brizuela G, Llana S, Ferrandis R, García-Belenguer AC. The influence of basketball shoes with increased ankle support on shock attenuation and performance in running and jumping. J Sports Sci, 1997; 15(5): 505-515CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Buśko K. An attempt at the evaluation of the lower extremities power during a vertical jump on a dynamometric platform. Biol Sport, 1988; 5(3): 219-225Google Scholar

  • Buśko K. Selected biomechanical characteristics of male and female basketball national team players. Biol Sport, 1989; 6(4): 319-329Google Scholar

  • DeVita P, Skelly WA. Effect of landing stiffness on joint kinetics and energetics in the lower extremity. Med Sci Sport Exer, 1992; 24(1): 108-115Google Scholar

  • Hara M, Shibayama A, Takeshita D, Fukashiro S. The effect of arm swing on lower extremities in vertical jumping. J Biomech, 2006; 39(13): 2503-2511CrossrefPubMedGoogle Scholar

  • Kornecki S, Lenart I. Kinematic analysis of basketball jump shot. Physical Education and Sport, 1997; 41(3): 79-99Google Scholar

  • Kornecki S, Lenart I, Siemieński A. Dynamical analysis of basketball jump shot. Biol Sport, 2002; 19(1): 73-90Google Scholar

  • Kukrić A, Karalejić M, Jakovljević S, Petrović B, Mandić R. Impact of different training methods to the maximum vertical jump height. Physical Culture, 2012; 66(1): 25-31Google Scholar

  • McClay IS, Robinson JR, Andriacchi TP, Frederick EC, Gross T, Martin P, Valiant G, Williams KR, Cavanagh PR. A kinematic profile of skills in professional basketball players. J Appl Biomech, 1994; 10(3): 205-221Google Scholar

  • McClay IS, Robinson JR, Andriacchi TP, Frederick EC, Gross T, Martin P, Valiant G, Williams KR, Cavanagh PR. A profile of ground reaction forces in professional basketball. J Appl Biomech, 1994; 10(3): 222-236Google Scholar

  • Miller S, Bartlett R. The relationship between basketball shooting kinematics, distance and playing position. J Sports Sci, 1996; 14(3): 243-253CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Oudejans RRD, Karamat RS, Stolk MH. Effects of actions preceding the jump shot on gaze behavior and shooting performance in elite female basketball players. International Journal of Sports Science and Coaching, 2012; 7(2): 255-267Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Pietraszewski B, Rutkowska-Kucharska A. Relative power of lower limbs in drop jump. Acta Bioeng Biomech, 2011; 13(1): 13-18PubMedGoogle Scholar

  • Rojas FJ, Cepero M, Oña A, Gutierrez M. Kinematic adjustments in the basketball jump shot against an opponent. Ergonomics, 2000; 43(10): 1651-1660PubMedCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Schiltz M, Lehance C, Maquet D, Bury T, Crielaard J-M, Croisier J-L. Explosive strength imbalances in professional basketball players. J Athl Training, 2009; 44(1): 39-47Web of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Shallaby HK. The effect of plyometric exercises use on the physical and skillful performance of basketball players. World Journal of Sport Sciences, 2010; 3(4): 316-324Google Scholar

  • Spina MS, Cleary TD, Hudson JL. An exploration of balance and skill in the jump shot. In: Bauer T (Ed.), XIII International symposium for biomechanics in sport: proceedings. Lakehead University, Thunder Bay, Ontario, Canada, July 18-22, 1995. Thunder Bay, Ontario: Lakehead University, 294-297; 1996Google Scholar

  • Tran CM, Silverberg LM. Optimal release conditions for the free throw in men’s basketball. J Sports Sci, 2007; 26(11): 1147-1155Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

About the article

Published Online: 2014-10-10

Published in Print: 2014-10-01

Citation Information: Journal of Human Kinetics, Volume 42, Issue 1, Pages 73–79, ISSN (Online) 1899-7562, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/hukin-2014-0062.

Export Citation

© by Artur Struzik. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

Citing Articles

Here you can find all Crossref-listed publications in which this article is cited. If you would like to receive automatic email messages as soon as this article is cited in other publications, simply activate the “Citation Alert” on the top of this page.

Shannon O’Donnell, Francisco Tavares, Daniel McMaster, Samuel Chambers, and Matthew Driller
Measurement in Physical Education and Exercise Science, 2017, Page 1

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in