Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Journal of Human Kinetics

The Journal of Academy of Physical Education in Katowice

4 Issues per year

IMPACT FACTOR 2016: 0.798
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 1.252

CiteScore 2016: 1.16

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2016: 0.483
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2016: 0.792

Open Access
See all formats and pricing
More options …
Volume 43, Issue 1


The Effects of Different Exercise Programmes on Female Body Composition

Rosa Maria Soares Costa de Mendonça
  • Corresponding author
  • University of Trás-os-Montes and Alto Douro, Vila Real, Portugal
  • Avenida Governador Silvio Pedrosa, 310, Apto 400 Areia Preta Natal/RN, CEP: 59014-100, Brazil
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Adenilson Targino de Araújo Júnior
  • University of Trás-os-Montes and Alto Douro, Vila Real, Portugal
  • Federal Institute of Technology Education, Campina Grande, Paraíba, Brazil.
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Maria do Socorro Cirilo de Sousa
  • Federal Institute of Technology Education, Campina Grande, Paraíba, Brazil
  • Laboratory of Kinanthropometry and Human Performance, Federal University of Paraíba, Brazil.
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Helder Miguel Fernandes
  • University of Trás-os-Montes and Alto Douro, Vila Real, Portugal
  • Research Centre for Sport, Health and Human Development; Vila Real, Portugal.
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2014-12-11 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/hukin-2014-0091


The purpose of this study was to verify the effects of 16 weeks of practicing different exercise programmes on body composition. This is an exploratory and descriptive study of 89 women aged 25 to 55 years (41.42 ± 9.23 years). The subjects were randomly divided into three experimental groups (EG): practitioners of strength training (SG), dance (DG), hydrogymnastics (HG), and a control group (CG) with sedentary women. Measurements of body mass and height, circumferences of the chest, waist, abdomen, hips, thighs, calves, and skinfolds of the triceps, suprailiac and thigh were registered in three different moments: prior to the commencement of the training program, again after 8 weeks of training, and finally after 16 weeks of training. Body density was estimated by using the trifold protocol by Jackson, Pollock and Ward. The ANOVA and deltas of change (Δ%) were used for data analysis. The level of significance was set at p<0.05. The effects of greater statistical significance on body composition related the variables "time", "group" and the interaction between the two (time x group) were observed for the percentage of fat - F% (F (1.79, 152.52) = 24.59, p <0.001, η 2 = 0.22), fat mass - FM (F (1.75, 149.01) = 12.65, p <0.001, η 2 = 0.13) and lean mass - LM (F (1.77, 150.66) = 47.38, p <0.001, η 2 = 0.36). The HG and SG were more beneficial in reducing F%. It was observed that the EG indicated healthier anthropometric aspects compared to the CG, regardless of the type of exercise programmes practiced. The time factor was more representative over the effects of exercise on anthropometric dimensions.

Keywords: health; physical exercise; anthropometry; strength training; dance; hydrogymnastics


  • Blair SN, Cheng Y, Holder JS. Is physical activity or physical fitness more important in defining health benefits? Med Sci Sports Exerc, 2001; 33: 79-99Google Scholar

  • Bocalini DS, Serra JS, Santos L, Murad N, Levy RF. Strength training preserves the bone mineral density of postmenopausal women without hormone replacement therapy. J Aging Health, 2009; 21: 519-527CrossrefPubMedWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Bonganha V, Conceição MS, Chacon-Mikahil MPT, Madruga VA. Response of the Resting Metabolic Rate after 16 Weeks of Resistance Training in Postmenopausal Women. Br J Sport Med, 2011; 17: 350-353Google Scholar

  • Bravo MF, Paredes FZ, Rodriguez FJR, Montero CC. Occupational physical activity and body composition in adult women; pilot study. Nutricion hospitalaria, 2013; 28: 1060-1064Google Scholar

  • Colado JC, Triplett NT. Effects of a short-term resistance program using elastic bands versus weight machines for sedentary middle-aged women. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 2008; 22: 1441-1448CrossrefWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Colado JC, Xavier GM, Rogers ME, Tella V, Benavent J, Dantas EH. Effects of aquatic and dry land resistance training devices on body composition and physical capacity in postmenopausal women. Journal of Human Kinetics, 2012; 32: 185-195PubMedGoogle Scholar

  • Costa PRF, Assis AMO, Silva MCM, Santana MLP, Dias JC, Pinheiro SMC, Santos NS. Change in anthropometric parameters: the impact of a nutritional intervention program and physical exercise on adult women. Public Health J, 2009; 25: 1763-1773Google Scholar

  • De Glisezinski I, Moro C, Pillard F, Marion-Latard F, Harant I, Meste M, Berlan M, Crampes F, Rivière D. Aerobic training improves exercise-induced lipolysis in SCAT and lipid utilization in overweight men. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab, 2003; 285: 984-990Google Scholar

  • Fagherazzi G, Vilier A, Balkau B, Chapelon FC, Magliano DJ. Anthropometrics, body shape over 12 years and risk of cancer events in pre and post-menopausal women. Int J Cancer, 2013; 133: 740-749CrossrefPubMedGoogle Scholar

  • Fox CS, Massaro JM, Hoffman U, Pou KM, Maurovich-Horvart P, Liu CY, Vasan RS, Murabito JM, Meigs JB, Cupples LA, D´Agostino RB Sr, O´Donnel CJ. Abdominal visceral and subcutaneous adipose tissue compartments: association with metabolic risk factors in the Framingham Heart Study. Circulation, 2007; 116: 39-48PubMedWeb of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Garber CE, Blissmer B, Deschenes MR, Franklin BA, Lamonte MJ, Lee IM, Nieman DC, Swain DP, American College of Sports Medicine position stand. Quantity and quality of exercise for developing and maintaining cardiorespiratory, musculoskeletal, and neuromotor fitness in apparently healthy adults: guidance for prescribing exercise. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 2011; 43: 1334-1359CrossrefWeb of SciencePubMedGoogle Scholar

  • Hojan K, Milecki P, Glura MM, Roszak A, Leszczynski P. Effect of physical activity on bone strength and body composition in breast cancer premenopausal women during endocrine therapy. Euro Phys Rehabil Med, 2013; 49: 331-339Google Scholar

  • Jackson AS, Pollock ML, Ward A. Generalized equations for predicting body density of women. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 1980; 12: 175-182PubMedGoogle Scholar

  • Katula JA, Sipe M, Rejeski WJ, Focht BC. Strength training in older adults: An empowering intervention. Med Science Sports Exerc, 2006; 38: 106-111CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Mendonça RMSC, Sousa MSC, Fernandes HM. Influence of different programs of physical exercise in body composition and psychological dimensions in women. Motricidade, 2012; 8: 1023-1031Google Scholar

  • Monteiro CA, Claro RM, Malta DC, Martins APB, Canella DS, Iser BPM, Andrade SSCA, Baraldi LG, Louzada MLC, Bernal RTI, Rodrigues R. Vigitel Brazil 2012: Surveillance of Risk and Protective Factors for Chronic Diseases Telephone Survey. Secretariat of Health Surveillance. MS: Brazil, 2013Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Monteiro R, Riether P, Burini RC. The effects of a mixed program of nutritional intervention and physical exercise on body composition and feeding habits of obese climacteric women. Nutr J, 2004; 17: 479-489Google Scholar

  • Moreira MHR, Sardinha LB. Exercise, body composition and cardiovascular risk factors in postmenopausal women. Vila Real: PT; 2003Google Scholar

  • Olinto MTA, Costa JSD, Kac G, Pattussi MP. Epidemiology of abdominal obesity in adult women living in southern Brazil . Archivos Latinoamericanos de Nutricion, 2007; 57: 349-356PubMedGoogle Scholar

  • Olinto MTA, Nacul LC, Dias da Costa JS, Gigante DP, Menezes AM, Macedo S. Intervention levels for abdominal obesity: prevalence and associated factors. Public Health J, 2006; 22: 1207-1215Google Scholar

  • Pestana MH, Gageiro JN. Data Analysis for the Social Sciences, Lisboa: PT; 2005Google Scholar

  • Rankinen T, Kim SY, Pérusse L, Després JP, Bouchard C. The prediction of abdominal visceral fat level from body composition and anthropometry: ROC analysis. International Journal of Obesity, 1999; 23: 801-809CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Rech CR, Petroski EL, Silva RC, Silva JCN. Anthropometric indicators of excess body fat in women. Br J Sports Med, 2006; 12: 119-124Google Scholar

  • Rejeski WJ, Shelton B, Miller M, Dunn AL, King AC, Sallis JF. Mediators of increased physical activity and change in subjective well-being: Results from the Activity Counseling Trial (ACT). Journal of Health Psychology, 2001; 6: 159-68PubMedCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Ross R, Janssen I, Dawson J, Kungl AM, Kuk JJ, Wong SL, Nguyen-Duy TB, Lee S, Kilpatrick K, Hudson R. Exercise induced reduction in obesity and insulin resistance in women: A randomized controlled trial.PubMedGoogle Scholar

  • Obesity Research, 2004: 12: 789-798PubMedGoogle Scholar

  • Sarno F, Monteiro CA. Relative importance of body mass index and waist circumference for hypertension in adults. Public Health J, 2007; 41: 788-796Google Scholar

  • Silva AGM, Zogaib FG, Amorim LAC, Filho JF, Fortes MSR, Dantas EHM. Association study between body fat distribution pattern and lipidic profile of adult women engaged in aquatic activity. Fit Perf J, 2006; 5: 161-167Google Scholar

  • Sousa MSC. Individualized Training (Personal Training): Approach the different ages, special situations and physical assessment. João Pessoa: PB, 2008Google Scholar

  • Van Aggel-Leijssen DPC, Saris WHM, Wagenmakers AJM, Senden JM, Van Baak MA. Effect of exercise training at different intensities on fat metabolism of obese men. J Appl Physiol, 2002; 92:1300-1309Google Scholar

  • Velthuis MJ, Schuit AJ, Peeters PHM, Monninkhof EM. Exercise program affects body composition but not weight in postmenopausal women. Menopause, 2009; 16: 777-784 PubMedWeb of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar

About the article

Published Online: 2014-12-11

Published in Print: 2014-12-01

Citation Information: Journal of Human Kinetics, Volume 43, Issue 1, Pages 67–78, ISSN (Online) 1899-7562, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/hukin-2014-0091.

Export Citation

© by Rosa Maria Soares Costa de Mendonça. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in