Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details

Journal of Human Kinetics

The Journal of Academy of Physical Education in Katowice

4 Issues per year


IMPACT FACTOR 2015: 0.770
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 1.014

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2015: 0.503
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2015: 0.855
Impact per Publication (IPP) 2015: 1.154

Open Access
Online
ISSN
1899-7562
See all formats and pricing
Volume 48, Issue 1 (Dec 2015)

Issues

Comparison of Designated Coefficients and their Predictors in Functional Evaluation of Wheelchair Rugby Athletes

Anna Zwierzchowska
  • - Department of Special Physical Education. The Jerzy Kukuczka Academy of Physical Education, Katowice, Poland.
/ Ewa Sadowska-Krępa
  • - Department of Physiological and Medical Sciences. The Jerzy Kukuczka Academy of Physical Education, Katowice, Poland.
/ Marta Głowacz
  • - Department of Special Physical Education. The Jerzy Kukuczka Academy of Physical Education, Katowice, Poland.
/ Aleksandara Mostowik
  • - Department of Sports Theory. The Jerzy Kukuczka Academy of Physical Education, Katowice, Poland.
/ Adam Maszczyk
  • Corresponding author
  • - Department of Sports Theory. The Jerzy Kukuczka Academy of Physical Education, Katowice, Poland.
  • Email:
Published Online: 2015-12-01 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/hukin-2015-0101

Abstract

The objectives of the present study were twofold: to determine differences between groups by means of chosen coefficients and to create significant predictors using regression models for athletes in wheelchair rugby who had the same spinal cord injury (tetraplegia) and were classified as low point and high point players. The study sample consisted of 24 subjects, who had sustained cervical spinal cord injury (CSCI). They were divided into low point (n=15) and high point (n=9) groups according to the IWRF Classification System. A one-way ANOVA revealed statistically significant differences in the following coefficients differentiating the groups: AC (η2=0.778), LC (η2=0.687), IC (η2=0.565), SC (η2=0.580). The Tukey’s HSD post-hoc test indicated statistically significant higher values of coefficients in the HP compared to the LP group: AC=0.958 (p=0.022), LC=0.989 (p=0.031), IC=0.971 (p=0.044), SC=0.938 (p=0.039). In the HP group, the most significant predictor was the sum of visceral and trunk fat which was negatively correlated with the SC (what constituted a positive adaptive change in response to training). With regard to the LP group, body height and circumference of the chest appeared to be most significant predictors and were positively correlated with the SC. In the LP group no predictor with respect to the SC was significantly correlated to sports training. Therefore, the functional classification system confirmed lower status of the LP players. The results of the present study indicate that both metabolic and somatic profiles which highly determine potential of wheelchair rugby athletes are significantly different in LP and HP players, what confirms the reliability of the functional classification system.

Keywords: wheelchair rugby; functional classification; regression models; correlation coefficients

References

  • Bauman WA, Spungen AM. Coronary heart disease in individuals with spinal cord injury: assessment of risk factors. Spinal Cord, 2008; 46: 466-476 [Web of Science]

  • Beutler E, Duron O, Kelly B. Improved method for the determination of blood glutathione. J Lab Clin Med, 1963; 61: 882-888

  • Bloomer RJ, Goldfarb AH. Anaerobic exercise and oxidative stress: a review. Can J Appl Physiol, 2004; 29: 245–263

  • de Groot PCE, Hjeltnes N, Heijboer AC, Stal W, Birkeland K. Effects of training intensity on physical capacity, lipid profile and insulin sensitivity in early rehabilitation of spinal cord injured individuals. Spinal Cord, 2003; 41: 673-679

  • Dobiášová M, Frohlich J. The plasma parameter log(TG/HDL-C) as an atherogenic index: correlation with lipoprotein particle size and esterification rate in apoB-lipoproteindepleted plasma (FERHDL). Clin Biochem, 2001; 34: 583–588

  • Ford ES, Croft JB, Posner SF, Goodman RA, Wayne HG. Co-Occurrence of Leading Lifestyle-Related Chronic Conditions Among Adults in the United States, 2002-2009. Preventing Chronic Disease, 2013; 10: 1-12

  • Gater DR Jr. Obesity after spinal cord injury. Phys Med Rehabil Clin N Am, 2007; 18: 333-351

  • Goldberg B (Ed.). Sports and Exercise for Children with Chronic Health Conditions. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics; 1995

  • Gomez-Cabrera MC, Domenech E, Viňa J. Moderate exercise is an antioxidant: Upregulation of antioxidant genes by training. Free Rad Biol Med, 2008; 44: 126–131 [Web of Science]

  • Gupta N, White KT, Sandford PR. Body mass index in spinal cord injury - aretrospective study. Spinal Cord, 2006; 44: 92-94

  • Hübner-Woźniak E, Morgulec-Adamowicz N, Malara M, Lewandowski P, Okęcka-Szymańska J. Effect of rugby training on blood antioxidant defenses in able-bodied and spinal cord injured players. Spinal Cord, 2012; 50: 253–256 [Web of Science]

  • Kyle UG, Bosaeus I, De Lorenzo AD, Deurenberg P, Elia M, Manuel Gomez J, Lilienthal Heitmann B, Kent-Smith L, Melchior JC, Pirlich M, Scharfetter H, MWJ Schols A, Pichard C; ESPEN. Bioelectrical impedance analysis part II: utilization in clinical practice. Clin Nutr, 2004 ; 23: 1430–53

  • Maier KD, Wank V, Bartonietz K, Blickhan R. Neural network based models of javelin flight: prediction of flight distances and optimal release parameters. Sports Engineering, 2000; 3: 57-63

  • Maruyama Y, Mizuguchi M, Yaginuma T, Kusaka M, Yoshida H, Yokoyama K, Kasahara Y, Hosoya T. Serum leptin, abdominal obesity and the metabolic syndrome in individuals with chronic spinal cord injury. Spinal Cord, 2008; 46: 494–9 [Web of Science]

  • Maszczyk A, Roczniok R, Czuba M, Zając A, Waśkiewicz Z, Mikolajec K, Stanula A. Application of regression and neural models to predict competitive swimming performance. Perceptual & Motor Skills, 2012; 114(2): 610-624

  • Maszczyk A, Zając A, Ryguła I. A Neural Network model approach to athlete selection. Sport Engineering, 2011; 13: 83-93 [Crossref]

  • McCann BC. Importance of sport for paraplegics. In A. Vermeer (Ed.), Sports for the disabled. Arnhem, the Netherlands: RESPO, 63-68; 1987

  • Mills PB, Krassioukov A. Autonomic function as a missing piece of the classification of Paralympic athletes with spinal cord injury. Spinal Cord, 2011; 49: 768-776 | doi:10.1038/sc.2011.2 [Crossref] [Web of Science]

  • Sadowska-Krępa E, Zwierzchowska A, Głowacz M, Borowiec-Rybak K, Kłapcińska B. Blood metabolic response to a long-term wheelchair rugby training. International Spinal Cord Society All rights reserved 1362-4393/15; 2015

  • Van Den Tillaar R, Ettema G. A comparison of successful and unsuccessful attempts in maximal bench pressing. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 2009; 41(11): 2056-2063 [Web of Science]

  • Weil E, Wachterman M, McCarthy EP, Davis RB, O’Day B, Iezzoni LI, Wee CC. Obesity among adults with disabling conditions. JAMA, 2002; 288: 1265-1268

  • Zamrazilová H, Hlavatý P, Dušátková L, Sedláčková B, Aldhoon Hainerová I, Kunešová M, Skoch A, Hájek M, Hainer V. A new simple method for estimating trunk and visceral fat by bioelectrical impedance: Comparison with magnetic resonance imaging and dual X-ray absorptiometry in Czech adolescents. Časopis Lekařů Českych, 2010; 149: 417-22

  • Zehr EP. Neural control of rhythmic human movement: The common corehypothesis. Exercise & Sport Sciences Reviews, 2005; 33: 54-60

  • Zwierzchowska A, Głowacz M, Maszczyk A, Zając A. Body adiposity index a better marker of body fat than body mass index in wheelchair rugby players after cervical spinal cord injury (CSCI) - preliminary investigations. Integrative Obesity and Diabetes, 2015; 1(5): 112-116

About the article

Accepted: 2015-11-01

Published Online: 2015-12-01

Published in Print: 2015-12-01


Citation Information: Journal of Human Kinetics, ISSN (Online) 1899-7562, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/hukin-2015-0101. Export Citation

© 2015 Anna Zwierzchowska et al., published by De Gruyter Open. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0)

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in