Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Human Affairs

Postdisciplinary Humanities & Social Sciences Quarterly

Editor-in-Chief: Višnovský, Emil

Ed. by Bianchi, Gabriel / Hrubec, Marek / Tartaglia, James

CiteScore 2018: 0.26

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.288
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.221

See all formats and pricing
More options …
Volume 22, Issue 2


Symbols of harm, literacies of hope

Roy Fox
  • Learning, Teaching and Curriculum, College of Education, University of Missouri, 303 Townsend Hall, Columbia, MO, 65203, USA
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2012-03-20 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s13374-012-0021-4


The author argues that our best hope for addressing world problems (from climate change to violence, to poverty) is to teach critical thinking through the study of language and all symbol systems. This means removing disciplinary boundaries so that we can focus more effectively on solving common problems. Human survival also depends upon our critical analysis of electronic media and our wise uses of technology. Critical thinking via all symbol systems is more likely to generate humane actions. Therefore, education—not governments or armies or institutions or private corporations—is our best hope.

Keywords: curriculum integration; symbols; thinking; media

  • [1] “An American Tragedy”. Time Magazine cover. June 27, 1994. Google Scholar

  • [2] Dewey, J. (1910). How We Think. New York: D.C. Heath and Co. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/10903-000CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [3] Eliot, A. (1961). Sight and Insight. New York: McDowell, Obolensky. Google Scholar

  • [4] Gardner, H. (1982). Art, Mind, and Brain: A Cognitive Approach to Creativity. New York: Basic Books. Google Scholar

  • [5] Gerbner, G. (2002). Against the Mainstream: The Selected Works of George Gerbner. In M. Morgan (Ed.). New York: Peter Lang Publishing, Inc. Google Scholar

  • [6] Gowan, J. C. (1978). Incubation, Imagery, and Creativity. Journal of Mental Imagery, 2, 23–31. Google Scholar

  • [7] John-Steiner, V. 1997. Notebooks of the Mind: Explorations in Thinking. New York: Oxford University Press. Google Scholar

  • [8] Kennedy, M. and Kennedy, W. (2011). Writing in the Disciplines: A Rhetoric and Reader for Academic Writers. 7th ed. New York: Longman. Google Scholar

  • [9] McLaren, C., Torchinsky, J. (2009). Ad Nauseum: A Survivor’s Guide to American Consumer Culture. New York: Faber and Faber, Inc. Google Scholar

  • [10] Newman, R., Newman, C. (2008). Barley for Food and Health: Science, Technology, and Products. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/9780470369333CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [11] Palmer, R. E. Applying Georg Hans-Gadamer’s Hermeneutics to the Twelve World Problems. http://www.mac.edu/faculty/richardpalmer/postmodern/application.html. Retrieved February 2, 2012. Google Scholar

  • [12] Ruff, W. The Harmony of the World. Recording. Kepler. www.willieruff.com. Retrieved January 3, 2012. Google Scholar

  • [13] Smith, F. (1994). Writing and the Writer. 2nd ed. New York: Routledge. Google Scholar

  • [14] “Topps Major League Baseball Cards.” Poster. ToppsUS. Duryea, PA., 2002. Google Scholar

  • [15] “Trail of Blood.” Newsweek Magazine cover. June 27, 1994. Google Scholar

  • [16] Vygotsky, L. (1986). Thought and Language. In A. Kozulin (Ed.). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Google Scholar

About the article

Published Online: 2012-03-20

Published in Print: 2012-04-01

Citation Information: Human Affairs, Volume 22, Issue 2, Pages 256–262, ISSN (Online) 1337-401X, ISSN (Print) 1210-3055, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s13374-012-0021-4.

Export Citation

© 2012 Institute for Research in Social Communication, Slovak Academy of Sciences. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in