Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
In This Section

Human Affairs

Postdisciplinary Humanities & Social Sciences Quarterly

4 Issues per year


CiteScore 2016: 0.33

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2015: 0.191
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2015: 0.378

Online
ISSN
1337-401X
See all formats and pricing
In This Section
Volume 22, Issue 4 (Oct 2012)

Issues

When ownership hurts: Remembering the in-group wrongdoings after a long lasting collective amnesia

Giovanna Leone
  • Department of Communication and Social Research Sapienza, University of Rome, via Salaria 113, Rome, 00198, Italy
  • Email:
/ Mauro Sarrica
  • Department of Communication and Social Research Sapienza, University of Rome, via Salaria 113, Rome, 00198, Italy
  • Email:
Published Online: 2012-09-29 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s13374-012-0048-6

Abstract

This study explores the effects of two different kinds of text addressed to young Italian students, which convey past in-group war-crimes either in a detailed or in an evasive way. After completing a first questionnaire (and confirming the social amnesia on these crimes) a sample of Italian university students (number: 103; average age: 21.79) read two versions (factual vs. evasive) of a same historical text on Italian invasion of Ethiopia (1935–36). The results show that participants reading a detailed text feel react more emotionally and feel more involved. However, the more negative reactions linked to the detailed text were also associated to a stronger will to repair intergroup relations with the descendents of ancient victims of the in-group crimes. Positive consequences of negative emotions linked to detailed text that challenge a widespread collective amnesia of war crimes are discussed.

Keywords: collective amnesia; historical narratives; war crimes; colonialism

  • [1] Albanesi, C., Cicognani, E., Zani, B. (2007). Sense of Community, Civic Engagement and Social Wellbeing in Italian Adolescents. Journal of Community & Applied Social Psychology 17, 387–406. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/casp.903 [Crossref]

  • [2] Arendt, H. (1958). The Human Condition. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

  • [3] Del Boca, A. (1992). L’Africa nella coscienza degli italiani. Miti, memorie, errori e sconfitte. (Africa in Italian Consciousness. Myths, Memories, Wrong-doings and Defeats). Milano: Mondadori.

  • [4] Doosje, B., Branscobe, N.R., Spears, R., Manstead, A.S.R. (2006). Antecedents and Consequences of Group-Based Guilt: The Effects of Ingroup Identification. Group Processes and Intergroup Relations 9, 325–338. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1368430206064637 [Crossref]

  • [5] Hammack, P. L., Pilecki, A. (2012). Narrative as a Root Metaphor for Political Psychology. Political Psychology 33, 75–103. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9221.2011.00859.x [Crossref] [Web of Science]

  • [6] László, J. (2003). History, Identity and Narratives. In J. László, W. Wagner (Eds.). Theories and Controversies in Societal Psychology. Budapest: New Mandate.

  • [7] Leone, G. (2011). La riconciliazione tra gruppi (Intergroup reconciliation). Roma: Carocci.

  • [8] Leone, G., Mastrovito, T. (2010). Learning about Our Shameful Past: A Socio-Psychological Analysis of Present-Day Historical Narratives of Italian Colonial Wars. International Journal of Conflict and Violence 4, 11–27.

  • [9] Leone, G., Sarrica, M. (submitted). Challenging The Myth of Italians as “Good Fellows”: Is Clarity about In-Group Crimes The Best Choice When Narrating about the War to Its Perpetrators’ Descendants?

  • [10] Nadler, A., Shnabel. N. (2008). Instrumental and Socioemotional Paths to Intergroup Reconciliation and the Needs-Based Model of Socioemotional Reconciliation. In A. Nadler, T.E. Malloy, J.D. Fisher (Eds.). The Social Psychology of Intergroup Reconciliation, pp. 37–56. New York: Oxford University Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300314.003.0003 [Crossref]

  • [11] Ortega y Gasset, J. (1930). La rebelión de las masas (The Revolt of the Masses). Madrid.

  • [12] Pennebaker, J.W., Paez, D., Rimé, B. (Eds.). (1997). Collective Memories of Political Events: Social Psychological Perspectives. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.

  • [13] Pivato, S. (2007). Vuoti di memoria: Usi e abusi della storia nella vita pubblica italiana (Loss of memories: uses and abuses of history in Italian public life). Rome and Bari: Laterza.

About the article

Published Online: 2012-09-29

Published in Print: 2012-10-01



Citation Information: Human Affairs, ISSN (Online) 1337-401X, ISSN (Print) 1210-3055, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s13374-012-0048-6. Export Citation

© 2012 Institute for Research in Social Communication, Slovak Academy of Sciences. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0)

Citing Articles

Here you can find all Crossref-listed publications in which this article is cited. If you would like to receive automatic email messages as soon as this article is cited in other publications, simply activate the “Citation Alert” on the top of this page.

[1]
Giovanna Leone and Mauro Sarrica
International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 2014, Volume 43, Page 126

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in