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Human Affairs

Postdisciplinary Humanities & Social Sciences Quarterly

Editor-in-Chief: Višnovský, Emil

Ed. by Bianchi, Gabriel / Hrubec, Marek / Tartaglia, James

CiteScore 2018: 0.26

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.288
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.221

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Volume 25, Issue 3


Challenges to the Social Norms on Reproduction: “Irreplaceable Mother” and Affirmative Fatherhood

Miroslav Popper
  • Institute for Research in Social Communication, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Dubravska cesta 9, 841 04 Bratislava 4, Slovakia
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/ Gabriel Bianchi
  • Institute for Research in Social Communication, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Dubravska cesta 9, 841 04 Bratislava 4, Slovakia
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/ Ivan Lukšík
  • Institute for Research in Social Communication, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Dubravska cesta 9, 841 04 Bratislava 4, Slovakia
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Published Online: 2015-07-01 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/humaff-2015-0024


This study presents an analysis of recent developments in fathers’ roles in Slovakia, a country that has experienced multiple social and economic transformations in post-totalitarian Central Eastern Europe. Data from a qualitative study (14 focus group discussions, 87 participants) show that the social norms associated with the Second Demographic Transition do not constitute a homogenous unit. Young people delay reproduction due to numerous needs. A new norm is emerging-the necessity of establishing a family only once a state of economic independence has been reached. The study discusses the role of the “irreplaceable mother” and the problem of the complementarity of parental roles, shifts in negative stereotypes about men, and emerging forms of affirmative fatherhood.

Keywords : social norms; reproduction; father; stereotype; gender


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About the article

Published Online: 2015-07-01

Published in Print: 2015-07-01

Citation Information: Human Affairs, Volume 25, Issue 3, Pages 288–301, ISSN (Online) 1337-401X, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/humaff-2015-0024.

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