Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Human Movement

The Journal of University School of Physical Education, Wroclaw

4 Issues per year


CiteScore 2016: 0.41

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2016: 0.208
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2016: 0.230

Open Access
Online
ISSN
1899-1955
See all formats and pricing
More options …
Volume 12, Issue 3

Issues

Effects of Hatha Yoga on the Shaping of the Antero-Posterior Curvature of the Spine

Małgorzata Grabara / Janusz Szopa
Published Online: 2011-09-22 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/v10038-011-0028-4

Effects of Hatha Yoga on the Shaping of the Antero-Posterior Curvature of the Spine

Purpose. The purpose of this study was to assess the influence of hatha yoga exercises on the shaping of the antero-posterior spinal curvature in first-year students of the University of Physical Education in Katowice who participated in hatha yoga classes. Methods. 72 women and 46 men took part in the study. Hatha yoga classes were held once a week for 90 minutes over a period of 15 weeks. Measurements of the subjects' spines were performed twice, first before the start of the classes and then after all the classes were finished. The students were divided into three groups, the first composed of all the participants in the study, the second of students whom attended the yoga classes and practiced hatha yoga in their free time, whereas the third group was composed of students for whom hatha yoga was their only form of physical exercise. The inclination of the anteroposterior curvature of the spine, i.e. the thoracic kyphosis and lumbar lordosis angles, were measured with a Rippstein plurimeter. Results. The results found that after 15 weeks of yoga, a decrease in the thoracic kyphosis angle (ThKA) and lumbar lordosis angle (LLA) occurred in most of the subjects. Differences between the values of these angles before/after yoga were statistically significant in women (p < 0.001), whereas in men, only a decrease of the thoracic kyphosis angle was statistically significant (p < 0.001). After completing the hatha yoga classes, the majority of students (50-62%) were found to have correct angular values of the thoracic kyphosis and lumbar lordosis when compared to the measurements taken before the start of classes (40-45%). Conclusion. An assessment on the shaping of the anteroposterior curvature of the spine finds that hatha yoga exercises have a positive impact on one's body posture in the sagittal plane.

Keywords: physical recreation; hatha yoga; curvature of the spine; thoracic kyphosis; lumbar lordosis

  • Nowotny J., Saulicz E., Some problems of nomenclature within the scope of faulty postures [in Polish]. Zeszyty Metodyczno-Naukowe AWF Katowice, 1993, 3, 5-15.Google Scholar

  • Śleboda R., Effects of an integrated program of yoga and educational kinesiology on the musculoskeletal condition in children aged 8 years [in Polish]. AWF, Kraków 2002.Google Scholar

  • Posadzki P., Selected aspects of yoga in view of manual therapy [in Polish]. Medycyna Manualna, 2005, 1-2, 9-20.Google Scholar

  • Javalgekar R., Therapeutic yoga [in Polish]. Comes, Warszawa 1995.Google Scholar

  • Raman K., A matter of health. Integration of yoga and Western medicine for prevention and cure. Eastwest Books, Chennai 1998.Google Scholar

  • Tran M. D., Holly R.G, Lashbrook J., Amsterdam E. A., Effects of hatha yoga practice on the health-related aspects of physical fitness. Prev Cardiol, 2001, 4, 165-170, doi: 10.1111/j.1520-037X.2001.00542.x.CrossrefPubMedGoogle Scholar

  • Raub J. A., Psychophysiologic effects of hatha yoga on musculoskeletal and cardiopulmonary function: A literature review. J Altern Complement Med, 2002, 6, 797-812, doi: 10.1089/10755530260511810.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Grabara M., Szopa J., Hatha Yoga influence on practitioners' health state. Movement and Health. 5th International Conference, Głuchołazy 2006, Poland. University of Technology, Opole 2006, 235-241.Google Scholar

  • Grabara M., Szopa J., Tadasana (The Mountain Pose) in the light of criteria of good posture in the sagittal plane [in Polish]. In: Sekułowicz M., Kruk-Lasocka J., Kulmatycki L. (eds.), Psychomotoryka, ruch pełen znaczeń. Wyd. Naukowe Dolnośląskiej Szkoły Wyższej, Wrocław 2008, 248-256.Google Scholar

  • White A. A., Panjabi M. M. (eds.), Clinical biomechanics of the spine. JB Lippincott, Philadelphia 1978.Google Scholar

  • Zwierzchowska A., Gawlik K., Dudek J., Graca J., Palica D., Evaluation of body posture in first-year students of the University of Economics in Katowice. Medycyna Sportowa, 2008, 24 (1), 37-44.Google Scholar

  • Greendale G. A., Huang M. H., Karlamangla A. S., Seeger L., Crawford S., Yoga decreases kyphosis in senior women and men with adult-onset hyperkyphosis: results of a randomized controlled trial. J Am Geriatr Soc, 2009, 57 (9), 1569-1579, doi: 10.1111/j.1532-5415.2009.02391.x.PubMedCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Savić K., Pfau D., Skorić S., Pfau J., Spasojević N., The effect of Hatha yoga on poor posture in children and the psychophysiologic condition in adults. Medicinski Pregled, 1990, 43 (5-6), 268-272.PubMedGoogle Scholar

  • Posadzki P., Parekh S., Yoga and physiotherapy: A speculative review and conceptual synthesis. Chin J Integr Med, 2009, 15 (1), 66-72, doi: 10.1007/s11655-009-0066-0.Web of ScienceCrossrefPubMedGoogle Scholar

About the article


Published Online: 2011-09-22

Published in Print: 2011-09-01


Citation Information: Human Movement, Volume 12, Issue 3, Pages 259–263, ISSN (Online) 1899-1955, ISSN (Print) 1732-3991, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/v10038-011-0028-4.

Export Citation

This content is open access.

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in