Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

HUMOR

International Journal of Humor Research

Editor-in-Chief: Ford, Thomas E.

4 Issues per year


IMPACT FACTOR 2017: 0.660
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 1.059

CiteScore 2017: 1.27

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.415
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 1.228

Online
ISSN
1613-3722
See all formats and pricing
More options …
Volume 30, Issue 3

Issues

Punches or punchlines? Honor, face, and dignity cultures encourage different reactions to provocation

Kuba Krys / Cai Xing / John M Zelenski / Colin A Capaldi / Zhongxin Lin / Bogdan Wojciszke
Published Online: 2017-06-10 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/humor-2016-0087

Abstract

Research on culture-related violence has typically focused on honor cultures and their justification of certain forms of aggression as reactions to provocation. In contrast, amusement and humor as the preferred reactions to provocation remain understudied phenomena, especially in a cross-cultural context. In an attempt to remedy this, participants from an honor culture (Poland), dignity culture (Canada), and face culture (China) were asked how they would react and how they would like to react to a series of provocative scenarios. Results confirmed that aggression may be the preferred reaction to provocation in honor cultures, while the preferred reaction to provocation in dignity cultures may be based on humor and amusement. The third kind of provocation reaction, withdrawal, turned out to be more complex but was most popular in dignity and face cultures. Furthermore, results confirmed that the way individuals think they would behave is more culturally diversified than the way individuals would like to behave.

Keywords: culture; honor; face; dignity; aggression; violence; provocation; humor; amusement

References

  • Ajzen, I., T. Brown & F. Carvajal 2004. Explaining the discrepancy between intentions and actions: The case of hypothetical bias in contingent valuation. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 30. 1108–1121.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • American Psychiatric Association. 2000. Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th edition). Washington, DC: Author.Google Scholar

  • Averill, J. 1983. Studies on anger and aggression: Implications for theories of emotion. American Psychologist 38. 1145–1160. doi:.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Barnes, C., R. Brown & L. Osterman 2012. Don’t tread on me: Masculine honor ideology in the U.S. and militant responses to terrorism. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 38. 1018–1029. doi:CrossrefWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Berry, J. 2013. Achieving a global psychology. Canadian Psychology/Psychologie Canadienne 54. 55–61. doi:.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Bettencourt, B. & N. Miller 1996. Gender differences in aggression as a function of provocation: A meta-analysis. Psychological Bulletin 119. 422–447. doi:.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Cohen, D. 1998. Culture, social organization, and patterns of violence. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 2. 408–419. doi: .CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Cohen, D., R. Nisbett, B. Bowdle & N. Schwarz 1996. Insult, aggression, and the southern culture of honor: An experimental ethnography. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 70. 945–960. doi: .CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Cohen, D. & J. Vandello 2001. Honor and “faking” honorability. In R. Nesse (ed.), Evolution and the capacity for commitment, 163–185. New York: Russell Sage.Google Scholar

  • Cross, S., A. Uskul, B. Gerçek-Swing, C. AlöZkan & B. Ataca 2013. Confrontation vs. withdrawal: Cultural differences in responses to threats to honor. Group Processes Intergroup Relations 16. 345–362. doi:.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Dworkin, E. & J. Efran 1967. The angered: Their susceptibility to varieties of humor. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 6. 233–236. doi: .CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Fischer, A., P. Rodriguez Mosquera, A. Van Vianen & A. Manstead 2004. Gender and culture differences in emotion. Emotion 4. 87–94. doi: .CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Fredrickson, B., R. Mancuso, C. Branigan & M. Tugade 2000. The undoing effect of positive emotions. Motivation and Emotion 24. 237–258. doi: .CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Freud, S. 1905/1957. The joke and its relation to the unconscious. London: Hogarth.Google Scholar

  • Gelfand, M., L. Nishii & J. Raver 2006. On the nature and importance of cultural tightness–looseness. Journal of Applied Psychology 91. 1225–1244. doi: .CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Henry, P. 2009. Low-status compensation: A theory for understanding the role of status in cultures of honor. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 97. 451–466. doi: .CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Kim, Y. & D. Cohen 2010. Information, perspective, and judgments about the self in face and dignity cultures. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 36. 537–550. doi: .CrossrefWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Krys, K. 2010. May amusement serve as a social courage engine? Polish Psychological Bulletin 41. 67–73. doi: .CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Leung, A. & D. Cohen 2011. Within- and between-culture variation: Individual differences and the cultural logics of honor, face, and dignity cultures. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 10. 507–526. doi: .CrossrefWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Martin, R. 2007. The psychology of humor. San Diego, CA: Academic Press.Google Scholar

  • Martin, R., P. Puhlik-Doris, G. Larsen, J. Gray & K. Weir 2003. Individual differences in uses of humor and their relation to psychological well-being: Development of the humor styles questionnaire. Journal of Research in Personality 37. 48–75. doi: .CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Mindess, H. 1971. Laughter and liberation. Los Angeles, CA: Nash Publishing.Google Scholar

  • Nisbett, R. & D. Cohen 1996. Culture of honor: The psychology of violence in the South. Boulder, CO: Westview.Google Scholar

  • Osterman, L. & R. Brown 2011. Culture of honor and violence against the self. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 37. 1611–1623. doi: .CrossrefWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Rodriguez Mosquera, P., A. Fischer, A. Manstead & R. Zaalberg 2008. Attack, disapproval, or withdrawal? The role of honor in anger and shame responses to being insulted. Cognition and Emotion 22. 1471–1498. doi: .CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Rodriguez Mosquera, P., A. Manstead & A. Fischer 2002. The role of honor concerns in emotional reactions to offenses. Cognition and Emotion 16. 143–163. doi: .CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Sasaki, J., D. Ko & H. Kim 2014. Culture and self-worth: Implications for social comparison processes and coping with threats to self-worth. In Z. Krizan & F. Gibbons (eds.), Communal functions of social comparison. New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar

  • Seligman, M. & M. Csikszentmihalyi 2000. Positive psychology: An introduction. American Psychologist 55. 5–14.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Sherman, D. & G. Cohen 2006. The psychology of self-defense: Self-affirmation theory. In M. Zanna (ed.), Advances in experimental social psychology, Vol. 38, 183–242. San Diego, CA: Academic Press.Google Scholar

  • Szmajke, A. 2008. Culture and aggression: Poland as an enclave of “culture of honor”. In M. Plopa & M. Błażek (eds.), Współczesny człowiek w świetle dylematów i wyzwań: Perspektywa psychologiczna (Contemporary man in the perspective of dilemmas and challenges: Psychological perspective), 105–113. Kraków: Impuls.Google Scholar

  • Vaillant, G. 2000. Adaptive mental mechanisms: Their role in a positive psychology. American Psychologist 55. 89–98. doi:.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Vandello, J., D. Cohen, R. Grandon & R. Franiuk 2009. Stand by your man: Indirect prescriptions for honorable violence and feminine loyalty in Canada, Chile, and the United States. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology 40. 81–104. doi: .CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Vandello, J., D. Cohen & S. Ransom 2008. U.S. Southern and Northern differences in perceptions of norms about aggression: Mechanisms for the perpetuation of a culture of honor. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology 39. 162–177. doi: .CrossrefGoogle Scholar

About the article

Published Online: 2017-06-10

Published in Print: 2017-07-26


Parts of this research were supported by the National Science Centre grant 2011/01/N/HS6/04285 awarded to Kuba Krys.


Citation Information: HUMOR, Volume 30, Issue 3, Pages 303–322, ISSN (Online) 1613-3722, ISSN (Print) 0933-1719, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/humor-2016-0087.

Export Citation

© 2017 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston.Get Permission

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in