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Pronoun omission and agreement: An analysis based on ICE Singapore and ICE India

Iván Tamaredo / Teresa Fanego
Published Online: 2016-04-14 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/icame-2016-0007


This article deals with pronoun omission in subject position and its connection with subject-verb agreement in Indian English and Singapore English. Agreement morphology has been found to be a predictor and facilitator of pronoun omission cross-linguistically in that it aids in the identification and retrieval of the referents of omitted pronouns. The results of a corpus study partly confirm this trend, since they show that agreement morphology does have a weak facilitating effect in both varieties examined; that is, pronoun omission increases when the subject and the verb agree in person and number. However, this is only true for lexical verbs; non-modal auxiliaries (i.e., be, have, do), on the contrary, show a low percentage of omitted pronouns and no facilitating effect of agreement morphology. To account for this finding, the possible inhibiting effect on pronoun omission of the frequency of co-occurrence of pronouns and non-modal auxiliaries was also explored.


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About the article

Published Online: 2016-04-14

Published in Print: 2016-03-01

Citation Information: ICAME Journal, Volume 40, Issue 1, Pages 95–118, ISSN (Online) 1502-5462, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/icame-2016-0007.

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© 2016. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 License. BY-NC-ND 4.0

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