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Recent Rapid Climate Changes in Antarctic and their Influence on Low Diversity Ecosystems

Katarzyna J. Chwedorzewska
  • Corresponding author
  • Department of Antarctic Biology, Polish Academy of Sciences Ustrzycka 10/12, 02-141 Warsaw, Poland
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Published Online: 2011-02-08 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/v10190-010-0002-6


The geographic position, astronomic factors (e.g. the Earth’s maximum distance from the Sun during winter), ice cover and altitude are the main factors affecting the climate of the Antarctic, which is the coldest place on Earth. Parts of Antarctica are facing the most rapid rates of anthropogenic climate change currently seen on the planet. Climate changes are occurring throughout Antarctica, affecting three major groups of environmental variables of considerable biological significance: temperature, water, UV-B radiation.

Low diversity ecosystems are expected to be more vulnerable to global changes than high diversity ecosystems

KEYWORDS : Antarctica; climate change; nutrients; ozone hole; temperature; UV-radiation; water relations; human impact


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Published Online: 2011-02-08

Published in Print: 2010-01-01

Citation Information: Papers on Global Change IGBP, ISSN (Online) 1730-802X, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/v10190-010-0002-6.

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Katarzyna Chwedorzewska and Piotr Bednarek
Polish Polar Research, 2012, Volume 33, Number 1

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