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International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health

Editor-in-Chief: Merrick, Joav

Editorial Board: Birch, Diana ML / Blum, Robert W. / Greydanus, MD, Dr. HC (Athens), Donald E. / Hardoff, Daniel / Kerr, Mike / Levy, Howard B / Morad, Mohammed / Omar, Hatim A. / de Paul, Joaquin / Rydelius, Per-Anders / Shek, Daniel T.L. / Sher, Leo / Silber, Tomas J. / Towns, Susan / Urkin, Jacob / Verhofstadt-Deneve, Leni / Zeltzer, Lonnie / Tenenbaum, Ariel

CiteScore 2018: 0.79

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.350
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.476

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Volume 24, Issue 1


Understanding bullying among younger prisoners: recent research and introducing the Multifactor Model of Bullying in Secure Settings

Jane L. Ireland
  • School of Psychology, University of Central Lancashire, Preston and Ashworth Research Centre (ARC), High Secure Forensic Psychiatry Services, Mersey Care NHS Trust, UK
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Published Online: 2011-11-04 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijamh.2012.009


The current paper explores bullying among prisoners, with a focus on younger samples. It notes some key findings from the recent literature and how this can be applied to understand intra-group aggression. The paper will focus on what are felt to be key recent developments, highlighting how models of aggression can apply to prisoner samples; how juveniles are less likely to appear in victim groups than older adolescents and adults; the role played by the emotion of fear; and an increased role for attitudes. The paper will then present a revised version of a model used to explain the bullying that occurs in secure settings, one which emphasises in more detail a role for emotion and attitudes. The paper will introduce this revised model for the first time and conclude by noting the importance of developing such models to aid our understanding of prison bullying.

Keywords: Direct and Indirect Prisoner behaviour Checklist; intra-group aggression; prison aggression; prison bullying

About the article

Corresponding author: Jane L. Ireland, School of Psychology, University of Central Lancashire, Preston, PR1 2HE, Lancashire, UK

Received: 2011-06-06

Revised: 2011-08-15

Accepted: 2011-08-23

Published Online: 2011-11-04

Published in Print: 2012-03-01

Citation Information: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, Volume 24, Issue 1, Pages 63–68, ISSN (Online) 2191-0278, ISSN (Print) 0334-0139, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijamh.2012.009.

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Christine Adams and Jane L. Ireland
The Journal of Forensic Psychiatry & Psychology, 2018, Volume 29, Number 3, Page 351
Angela Mazzone, Annalaura Nocentini, and Ersilia Menesini
Aggression and Violent Behavior, 2017
Christopher Muzavazi
Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice, 2016, Volume 2, Number 4, Page 250
Dr Ivana Sekol, Professor David P. Far, Jane L. Ireland, Carol A. Ireland, and Christina L Power
Journal of Aggression, Conflict and Peace Research, 2016, Volume 8, Number 2, Page 124
Dr Ivana Sekol, Professor David P. Far, Anne Connell, David P. Farrington, and Jane L. Ireland
Journal of Aggression, Conflict and Peace Research, 2016, Volume 8, Number 2, Page 114
Jenny Häufle and Daniel Wolter
Aggressive Behavior, 2015, Volume 41, Number 4, Page 335

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