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International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health

Editor-in-Chief: Merrick, Joav

Editorial Board Member: Birch, Diana ML / Blum, Robert W. / Greydanus, MD, Dr. HC (Athens), Donald E. / Hardoff, Daniel / Kerr, Mike / Levy, Howard B / Morad, Mohammed / Omar, Hatim A. / de Paul, Joaquin / Rydelius, Per-Anders / Shek, Daniel T.L. / Sher, Leo / Silber, Tomas J. / Towns, Susan / Urkin, Jacob / Verhofstadt-Deneve, Leni / Zeltzer, Lonnie / Tenenbaum, Ariel

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CiteScore 2016: 0.71

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Volume 24, Issue 4 (Dec 2012)


Internet use, misuse, and addiction in adolescents: current issues and challenges

Donald E. Greydanus
  • Corresponding author
  • Pediatrics and Human Development, Michigan State University/Kalamazoo Center for Medical Studies, Kalamazoo, MI and Graphic Design, Hollywood, CA, USA
  • Email:
/ Megan M. Greydanus
  • Pediatrics and Human Development, Michigan State University/Kalamazoo Center for Medical Studies, Kalamazoo, MI and Graphic Design, Hollywood, CA, USA
Published Online: 2012-02-29 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijamh.2012.041


The Internet has revolutionized education and social communication in the 21st century. This article reviews the growing literature identifying a number of adolescents and young adults with a pathologically excessive Internet use leading to many potential consequences. Current research dilemmas in this area include that Internet addiction is a broad topic with no standard definition and no standard measurement tools. Management of youth with identified problematic Internet use or misuse centers on behavioral therapy and treatment of comorbidities. Pharmacologic approaches are limited at this time but are undergoing research, such as use of opioid antagonists and antidepressants in adults with pathological gambling. Efforts should be expanded on not only the education of all adolescents regarding the benefits but also the potential negative consequences of Internet use. It is vital that we do this for Generation Z, whereas Generation ALPHA will soon benefit or suffer from our efforts in this regard today.

Keywords: addiction; adolescence; Internet

About the article

Corresponding author: Donald E. Greydanus, MD, Dr. HC (ATHENS), Pediatrics Program Director, Pediatrics and Human Development, Michigan State University College of Human Medicine, Michigan State University/Kalamazoo Center for Medical Studies, 1000 Oakland Drive, Kalamazoo, MI 49008-1284, USA

Received: 2011-06-17

Revised: 2011-08-16

Accepted: 2011-08-24

Published Online: 2012-02-29

Published in Print: 2012-12-01

Citation Information: , ISSN (Online) 2191-0278, ISSN (Print) 0334-0139, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijamh.2012.041. Export Citation

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