Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health

Editor-in-Chief: Merrick, Joav

Editorial Board: Birch, Diana ML / Blum, Robert W. / Greydanus, MD, Dr. HC (Athens), Donald E. / Hardoff, Daniel / Kerr, Mike / Levy, Howard B / Morad, Mohammed / Omar, Hatim A. / de Paul, Joaquin / Rydelius, Per-Anders / Shek, Daniel T.L. / Sher, Leo / Silber, Tomas J. / Towns, Susan / Urkin, Jacob / Verhofstadt-Deneve, Leni / Zeltzer, Lonnie / Tenenbaum, Ariel


CiteScore 2018: 0.79

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.350
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.476

Online
ISSN
2191-0278
See all formats and pricing
More options …
Volume 28, Issue 1

Issues

Practices and perceptions of adolescent girls regarding the impact of dysmenorrhea on their routine life: a comparative study in the urban, rural, and slum areas of Chandigarh

Alka Rani / Manoj Kumar Sharma / Amarjeet Singh
Published Online: 2015-02-12 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2014-0063

Abstract

To estimate the prevalence, to compare the impact of dysmenorrhea on routine life among adolescent girls, to compare the practices and perceptions regarding Dysmenorrhea and to ascertain the reason for difference if any, a cross-sectional study was conducted in urban, rural and slum areas of Chandigarh, India. 300 girls in age group of 11–18 years, who had attained menarche were included in the study. A questionnaire including the Demographic and Family profile, menstrual history, Symptoms of Dysmenorrhea, Effect of pain on daily activities, Faces scale, Practices regarding Dysmenorrhea, Beliefs about menstruation was used. Analysis was done by percentage and chi square prevalance of dysmenorrhea was 61.33%. Sickness absenteeism due to dysmenorrhea was reported in 24.45% girls. Most common symptom experienced by the girls was stomach ache which was experienced by 139 girls; others symptoms experienced during menstruation were backache (107), and general body pain (80). Only 11.63% of the girls ever visited physician due to pain during menstruation. During menstruation only 10 girls use hot water bottle, 71 skip meal. Due to poor knowledge the practices were not optimal for pain management, which affected their school attendance. Formal as well as informal channels of communication, such as mothers and peers, need to be emphasized for the delivery of such information particularly linking instructions on menstrual hygiene to an expanded programme of health education in schools.

Keywords: dysmenorrhea; impact; practices; prevalence

References

  • 1.

    Golomb LM, Solidum AA, Warren MP. Primary dysmenorrhea and physical activity. Med Sci Sports Exerc 1998;30:906.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 2.

    Choudhury A, Singh A. A randomized controlled trial of exercise of hot water bottle in the treatment of primary dysmenorrhea in school girls of Chandigarh [PhD thesis]. School of public health, PGIMER Chandigarh 2011;4–7.Google Scholar

  • 3.

    Singh A. Place of menstruation in the reproductive lives of women of north India. Indian J of Commun Med 2006;31:10–4.Google Scholar

  • 4.

    Houston AM, Abraham A, Huang ZD, Angelo LJ. Knowledge, attitude and consequences of menstrual health in urban adolescent female. J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol 2006;16:271–5.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 5.

    Avasarala AK, Panchangam S. Dysmenorrhoea in different settings: are the rural and urban adolescent girls perceiving and managing the dysmenorrhoea problem differently? Indian J of Commun Med 2008;33:246–9.Google Scholar

  • 6.

    Svanberg L, Ulmsten U. The incidence of primary dysmenorrhea in teenagers. Arch Gynecol 1981;230:173–7.Google Scholar

  • 7.

    Agarwal AK, Agawon A. Prevalance of dysmenorrhea. Indian J of Commun Med 2010;35:159–64.Google Scholar

  • 8.

    El-Gilany AH, Badawi K, El-Fedawy S. Epidemiology of dysmenorrhoea among adolescent students in Mansoura, Egypt. East Mediterr Health 2005;11:155–6.Google Scholar

  • 9.

    Khanna A, Goyal RS, Bhawsar R. Menstrual practices and reproductive problems: a study of adolescent girls in Rajasthan. J of Health Management 2005;7:91–107.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 10.

    UNICEF India. Menstrual hygiene: Sharing Simple Facts. New Delhi: UNCEF India. 2008. Accessed on January 14, 2013. Available at: http://www.indiasanitationportal.org/378.

  • 11.

    Sharma P, Malhotra C, Taneja DK, Saha R. Problems related to menstruation amongst adolescent girls. Indian J Pediatr 2008;75:125–9.Google Scholar

  • 12.

    Sundell G, Milsom I, Andersch B. Factors influencing the prevalence and severity of dysmenorrhoea in young women. BJOG: Int J Obst Gynaecol 1990;97:588–94.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 13.

    Kumbhar1 SK, Reddy M, Sujana B, Roja Reddy K, Divya Bhargavi K, et al. Prevalence of dysmenorrhea among adolescent girls (14–19 years) of Kadapa district and its impact on quality of life: a cross sectional study. National J of Commun Med 2011;2:23–6.Google Scholar

  • 14.

    Kindi RA, Al-Bulushi A. Prevalence and impact of dysmenorrhoea among Omani high school students. Sultan Qaboos Univ Med J 2011;11:485–91.Google Scholar

  • 15.

    Tariq N, Hashim JM, Jaffery T, Ijaz S, Sani SA, et al. Impact and health care- seeking behavior of premenstrual syndromes and dysmenorrhea. Br J Med Pract 2009;2:40–3.Google Scholar

  • 16.

    Neamat A, Mohamed MS, Ahmed NH, Ahmed ER. Assessment of dysmenorrhea and menstrual hygiene practices among adolescent girls in some nursing schools at EL-Minia Governorate, Egypt. J Am Sci 2011;7:9.Google Scholar

  • 17.

    Banikarim C, Chacko MR, Kelder SH. Prevalence and impact of dysmenorrhea on Hispanic female adolescents. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine 2000;154:1226–9.Google Scholar

  • 18.

    Dasgupta A, Sarkar M. Menstrual hygiene: how hygienic is the adolescent girl. Indian J of Commun Med 2008;33:77–80.Google Scholar

About the article

Corresponding author: Alka Rani, Centre for Public Health, Panjab University, Sec 14 Chandigarh, 160014, India, E-mail:


Received: 2014-10-01

Accepted: 2014-11-22

Published Online: 2015-02-12

Published in Print: 2016-02-01


Citation Information: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, Volume 28, Issue 1, Pages 3–9, ISSN (Online) 2191-0278, ISSN (Print) 0334-0139, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2014-0063.

Export Citation

©2016 by De Gruyter.Get Permission

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in