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International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health

Editor-in-Chief: Merrick, Joav

Editorial Board: Birch, Diana ML / Blum, Robert W. / Greydanus, MD, Dr. HC (Athens), Donald E. / Hardoff, Daniel / Kerr, Mike / Levy, Howard B / Morad, Mohammed / Omar, Hatim A. / de Paul, Joaquin / Rydelius, Per-Anders / Shek, Daniel T.L. / Sher, Leo / Silber, Tomas J. / Towns, Susan / Urkin, Jacob / Verhofstadt-Deneve, Leni / Zeltzer, Lonnie / Tenenbaum, Ariel

CiteScore 2018: 0.79

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.350
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.476

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Volume 29, Issue 2


Dietary habits and sedentary behaviors among health science university students in Bahrain

Abdulrahman O. Musaiger / Muyssar S. Awadhalla / Mariam Al-Mannai / Muneera AlSawad / G.V. Asokan
Published Online: 2015-08-07 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2015-0038



The aim of this study was to investigate the dietary patterns and sedentary behaviors among university students in Bahrain.

Materials and methods:

A cross-sectional study was carried out with students of the College of Health Sciences in Bahrain using a self-reported questionnaire. All the students enrolled in this college were included in this study (642 students; 90 males and 552 females). The mean age of the sample was 20.1±2.0 years. A pre-tested questionnaire was used to collect information on the students’ breakfast intake, snacking, food frequency intake, and sedentary habits.


More than 50% of the students did not consume breakfast on a daily basis. A statistically significant difference (p<0.003) was found between males (19%) and females (35%) in relation to the intake of an afternoon snack. There were no significant gender differences regarding frequency of food intake, except for carbonated beverages (p<0.001) and nuts (p<0.047) consumption. Females were more likely than males to spend time watching television, use the Internet, use a mobile phone and sleep; however, the only significant difference found was for Internet use (p<0.003). Being physically active on a daily basis was more prevalent among males (41.6%) than females (16%) (p<0.001). Females (42.9%) were more prone to sleep for less time (<7 h) than males (34.4%)(p<0.08).


The findings indicated that a high percentage of health science students in Bahrain had unhealthy dietary habits and sedentary behaviors. Thus, an intervention program to promote healthy dietary patterns and lifestyle habits among university students is highly recommended.

Keywords: Arab; dietary habits; physical activity; sedentary behavior; university students


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About the article

Corresponding author: Abdulrahman O. Musaiger, Head of Arab Center for Nutrition, P.O. Box 26923, Manama, Kingdom of Bahrain, Phone: +00973-17343460, Fax: +00973-17346339, E-mail: amusaiger@gmail.com

Received: 2015-05-04

Accepted: 2015-07-02

Published Online: 2015-08-07

Published in Print: 2017-04-01

Citation Information: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, Volume 29, Issue 2, 20150038, ISSN (Online) 2191-0278, ISSN (Print) 0334-0139, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2015-0038.

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