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International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health

Editor-in-Chief: Merrick, Joav

Editorial Board: Birch, Diana ML / Blum, Robert W. / Greydanus, MD, Dr. HC (Athens), Donald E. / Hardoff, Daniel / Kerr, Mike / Levy, Howard B / Morad, Mohammed / Omar, Hatim A. / de Paul, Joaquin / Rydelius, Per-Anders / Shek, Daniel T.L. / Sher, Leo / Silber, Tomas J. / Towns, Susan / Urkin, Jacob / Verhofstadt-Deneve, Leni / Zeltzer, Lonnie / Tenenbaum, Ariel


CiteScore 2018: 0.79

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.350
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.476

Online
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2191-0278
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Volume 29, Issue 2

Issues

Neurogenic speech sequelae following suicide attempt by hanging: a case report

Manal Muhammed Wazeer / Sunila John
  • Corresponding author
  • Department of Speech and Hearing, School of Allied Health Sciences, Manipal University, Manipal, Karnataka, India
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Bellur Rajashekhar
  • Department of Speech and Hearing, School of Allied Health Sciences, Manipal University, Manipal, Karnataka, India
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2015-09-11 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2015-0039

Abstract

Background:

Attempting suicide by hanging has become one of the most preferred means among adolescents. Individuals who survive a suicide attempt by hanging have a range of deficits, including neuropsychological, neuropsychiatric, pulmonary and even speech and language deficits. Literature regarding speech and language deficits in cases of near hanging is especially limited.

Objective:

This study aimed to demonstrate the sequelae of neurogenic speech deficits following a suicide attempt by hanging, the treatment strategies, and prognostic issues in one such case.

Methods:

We report of Patient X who attempted suicide by hanging. The patient was admitted and a detailed speech and language evaluation was completed.

Results:

Patient X was diagnosed with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy with organic amnesic syndrome. Consequent to the neurogenic insult, the patient demonstrated speech deficits that were characterized by moderate flaccid dysarthria and neurogenic stuttering. Patient X underwent a week of treatment, subsequent to which there was an improvement in certain speech subsystems. However, the neurogenic stuttering symptoms did not resolve completely even post therapy.

Conclusion:

Individuals who survive a suicide attempt by hanging have a range of deficits, including speech deficits that need to be addressed by a speech language pathologist. This case report is an eye opener for speech language pathologists regarding their role in such cases.

Keywords: dysarthria; stuttering; suicide attempt

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About the article

Corresponding author: Sunila John, Department of Speech and Hearing, School of Allied Health Sciences, Manipal University, Manipal, Karnataka, India, E-mail: sunila.john@manipal.edu


Received: 2015-05-05

Accepted: 2015-07-02

Published Online: 2015-09-11

Published in Print: 2017-04-01


Citation Information: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, Volume 29, Issue 2, 20150039, ISSN (Online) 2191-0278, ISSN (Print) 0334-0139, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2015-0039.

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