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International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health

Editor-in-Chief: Merrick, Joav

Editorial Board: Birch, Diana ML / Blum, Robert W. / Greydanus, MD, Dr. HC (Athens), Donald E. / Hardoff, Daniel / Kerr, Mike / Levy, Howard B / Morad, Mohammed / Omar, Hatim A. / de Paul, Joaquin / Rydelius, Per-Anders / Shek, Daniel T.L. / Sher, Leo / Silber, Tomas J. / Towns, Susan / Urkin, Jacob / Verhofstadt-Deneve, Leni / Zeltzer, Lonnie / Tenenbaum, Ariel

CiteScore 2018: 0.79

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.350
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.476

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Volume 29, Issue 2


Oral health impact, dental caries experience, and associated factors in 12–15-year-old school children in India

Sandeep Kumar
  • Corresponding author
  • Department of Public Health Dentistry, Sri Aurobindo College of Dentistry, Indore, Madhya Pradesh, India
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Amit Kumar
  • Department of Public Health Dentistry, Sarjug Dental College, Laheriasarai, Darbhanga, Bihar, India
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Bhumika Badiyani
  • Department of Public Health Dentistry, Sarjug Dental College, Laheriasarai, Darbhanga, Bihar, India
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Arunoday Kumar
  • Department of Prosthodontics, Hazaribag College of Dental Sciences, Demotand, Hazaribag, Jharkhand, India
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Debashish Basak
  • Department of Prosthodontics, Hazaribag College of Dental Sciences, Demotand, Hazaribag, Jharkhand, India
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Mohammed B. Ismail
Published Online: 2015-09-11 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2015-0041



Dental caries affects quality of life and has a negative impact on daily performance.


The study was conducted to assess the impact of oral health and its associated factors in schoolchildren in the age group 12–15 years in Indore, Madhya Pradesh.


A cross-sectional survey was conducted in schoolchildren in the age group 12–15 years. Sociodemographic and oral health related behaviors of schoolchildren were collected using a self-administered questionnaire. Child oral impact on daily performance (OIDP) questionnaire was used to assess the oral impacts. Oral examination was performed to check the presence of caries using decayed, missing and filled teeth (DMFT) index.


A total of 690 schoolchildren participated in the survey. The mean age of the children was 13.58 years. The overall prevalence of dental caries was found to be 47.2%. The prevalence of one or more impact in the study population was 36.5%. The most prevalent impact was difficulty in eating and cleaning of teeth and the least prevalent impact were emotion and studying. Results of logistic regression analysis showed that the type of school that a child goes to, socioeconomic status, material used, dental visit, and dental caries were significantly associated with the Child-OIDP affected score.


Oral health had a significant effect on the quality of life of schoolchildren. The prevalence of dental caries was found to be high. Effective policies need to be drafted for oral health promotion in this age group.

Keywords: caries; India; quality of life; schoolchildren


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About the article

Corresponding author: Sandeep Kumar, Flat no 304, Sanskar block, Sri Aurobindo Institute of Medical sciences, Indore 453555, Madhya Pradesh, India, Phone: +8827424626, E-mail: drsandeep40@yahoo.com; and Department of Public Health Dentistry, Sri Aurobindo College of Dentistry, Indore, Madhya Pradesh, India

Received: 2015-05-08

Accepted: 2015-07-02

Published Online: 2015-09-11

Published in Print: 2017-04-01

Citation Information: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, Volume 29, Issue 2, 20150041, ISSN (Online) 2191-0278, ISSN (Print) 0334-0139, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2015-0041.

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