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International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health

Editor-in-Chief: Merrick, Joav

Editorial Board: Birch, Diana ML / Blum, Robert W. / Greydanus, MD, Dr. HC (Athens), Donald E. / Hardoff, Daniel / Kerr, Mike / Levy, Howard B / Morad, Mohammed / Omar, Hatim A. / de Paul, Joaquin / Rydelius, Per-Anders / Shek, Daniel T.L. / Sher, Leo / Silber, Tomas J. / Towns, Susan / Urkin, Jacob / Verhofstadt-Deneve, Leni / Zeltzer, Lonnie / Tenenbaum, Ariel


CiteScore 2018: 0.79

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.350
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.476

Online
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2191-0278
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Volume 29, Issue 2

Issues

Disordered eating and body image issues and their associated factors among adolescents in urban secondary schools in Sarawak, Malaysia

Whye Lian Cheah
  • Corresponding author
  • Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Department of Community Medicine and Public Health, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, Sarawak, Malaysia
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  • Other articles by this author:
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/ Helmy Hazmi
  • Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Department of Community Medicine and Public Health, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, Sarawak, Malaysia
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/ Ching Thon Chang
  • Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Department of Nursing, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, Sarawak, Malaysia
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Published Online: 2015-11-04 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2015-0044

Abstract

Eating disorders are common health issues among the adolescents. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of eating disorders and their relationship with body mass index, body part satisfaction and perception on body weight among urban secondary school children. It was a cross-sectional study conducted in Kuching, Sarawak. Data was collected using a self-administered questionnaire that consist of the Eating Attitude Test-26 (EAT-26), perception on body part satisfaction and body weight, and anthropometric measurement. Data was entered and analysed using SPSS version 22. A total of 329 respondents participated in this study with 59% females and 60.5% Malays. There were 14.3% of the respondents overweight and obese, with higher percentage among males (19.3%). About 18.5% of the respondents were found to be at risk of eating disorders with higher prevalence among males (19.3%). More females reported to have higher prevalence of body part dissatisfaction (46.9%) and body weight (37.6%) compared to males (40%, 28.1%). The statistical results indicated there were significant associations between EAT-26 and body mass index (BMI) (p=0.039), body part satisfaction (p=0.004), and perception of body weight (p=0.038). Eating disorders are becoming more prevalent amongst adolescents, particularly among males. As eating disorder are strongly associated with adolescent mental and physical health, intervention programme on their developmental challenges and issues for both males and females should be in place particularly in the school education syllabus.

Keywords: adolescents; anthropometric measurement; EAT-26; eating disorder

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About the article

Corresponding author: Whye Lian Cheah, PhD, Senior Lecturer, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Department of Community Medicine and Public Health, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, Lot 77, Section 22 KTLD, Jalan Tun Ahmad Zaidi Adruce, 93150 Kuching, Sarawak, Malaysia, Phone: +6082 581000, E-mail: wlcheah@fmhs.unimas.my


Received: 2015-05-11

Accepted: 2015-08-16

Published Online: 2015-11-04

Published in Print: 2017-04-01


Conflict of interest statement: None declared.


Citation Information: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, Volume 29, Issue 2, 20150044, ISSN (Online) 2191-0278, ISSN (Print) 0334-0139, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2015-0044.

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