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International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health

Editor-in-Chief: Merrick, Joav

Editorial Board: Birch, Diana ML / Blum, Robert W. / Greydanus, MD, Dr. HC (Athens), Donald E. / Hardoff, Daniel / Kerr, Mike / Levy, Howard B / Morad, Mohammed / Omar, Hatim A. / de Paul, Joaquin / Rydelius, Per-Anders / Shek, Daniel T.L. / Sher, Leo / Silber, Tomas J. / Towns, Susan / Urkin, Jacob / Verhofstadt-Deneve, Leni / Zeltzer, Lonnie / Tenenbaum, Ariel


CiteScore 2018: 0.79

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.350
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.476

Online
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2191-0278
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Volume 29, Issue 2

Issues

Health seeking behaviour and health awareness among rural and urban adolescents in Dehradun District, Uttarakhand, India

Tuhin Kumar
  • Senior Medical Officer, Health, Haldawani, District Nainital, Government of Uttarakhand, India
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Piyalee Pal / Prabhdeep Kaur
  • Corresponding author
  • Scientist D, National Institute of Epidemiology (Indian council of Medical research), # R-127, 3rd Avenue, Tamil Nadu Housing Board, Ayapakkam, Chennai, India
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2015-11-10 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2015-0046

Abstract

Background:

Adolescents constituted 19% population of India in 2011. Adolescents have health seeking behaviour different from that of adults. We estimated the utilisation of available health care services by adolescents and awareness regarding various health issues in the urban and rural Dehradun District, Uttarakhand, India. We also described knowledge and practices of public sector health care providers.

Methodology:

We conducted a cross-sectional survey among adolescents 10–19 years in the urban Dehradun and rural Chakrata block of the Dehradun District. We used cluster sampling with sample size 680 each in urban and rural areas. We collected data from adolescents using semi structured questionnaire on health awareness and utilisation of health care services. Public sector health care providers were surveyed about their knowledge and practices regarding adolescents health.

Results:

We surveyed 1463 adolescents. The overall mean age was 14.4 (2.6) years, about half being females. Half of the adolescents who had any illness used the public sector. Awareness about anaemia was 48% in urban and 12% in rural areas. A higher proportion of females (Rural: 89%, Urban: 76%) were aware of condoms as contraceptives than males (Rural: 68%, Urban: 12%). Only 62% of doctors and 49% of paramedical staff had knowledge regarding services under Adolescents Reproductive and Sexual Health (ARSH).

Conclusion:

Awareness regarding various health issues was low among males as compared to females, especially in rural areas. School based health promotion programs should be carried out to increase awareness among adolescents. Health facilities should be strengthened to provide adolescent friendly health services to enhance utilisation.

Keywords: adolescents; contraceptives; India; utilisation

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About the article

Corresponding author: Prabhdeep Kaur, Scientist D, National Institute of Epidemiology (Indian council of Medical research), # R-127, 3rd Avenue, Tamil Nadu Housing Board, Ayapakkam, Chennai, India, Phone: +914426136233, Mobile: +91 9840644203, Fax: +914426136233, E-mail: kprabhdeep@gmail.com


Received: 2015-05-15

Accepted: 2015-08-16

Published Online: 2015-11-10

Published in Print: 2017-04-01


Source of support: Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), Government of India.

Conflict of interest statement: None declared.


Citation Information: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, Volume 29, Issue 2, 20150046, ISSN (Online) 2191-0278, ISSN (Print) 0334-0139, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2015-0046.

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