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International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health

Editor-in-Chief: Merrick, Joav

Editorial Board: Birch, Diana ML / Blum, Robert W. / Greydanus, MD, Dr. HC (Athens), Donald E. / Hardoff, Daniel / Kerr, Mike / Levy, Howard B / Morad, Mohammed / Omar, Hatim A. / de Paul, Joaquin / Rydelius, Per-Anders / Shek, Daniel T.L. / Sher, Leo / Silber, Tomas J. / Towns, Susan / Urkin, Jacob / Verhofstadt-Deneve, Leni / Zeltzer, Lonnie / Tenenbaum, Ariel


CiteScore 2018: 0.79

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.350
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.476

Online
ISSN
2191-0278
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Volume 29, Issue 2

Issues

Knowledge and perception of young adults in Nigeria on effectiveness of condom use in prevention of sexually transmitted infections

Philip Emeka Anyanwu / John Fulton
Published Online: 2015-11-04 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2015-0050

Abstract

Background:

Although sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are a global health problem affecting every region of the world, the higher prevalence and mortality rate of STIs in developing countries of the world, like Nigeria, make them serious public health issues in this region.

Objective:

The aim of this study is to assess the knowledge and perception of young adults in Nigeria on the role of condom (both male and female condoms) as a preventive measure against STIs during heterosexual and homosexual intercourse.

Materials and methods:

Data was collected from participants selected from the northern and southern Nigeria using self-administered questionnaire specifically designed for this study.

Results:

Knowledge of condom efficacy in STI prevention was satisfactory. However, knowledge and practice of the correct use of condom was poor. Only 47.1% of the 102 participants in this study reported correct condom use of wearing condoms before staring intercourse and removing condoms after ejaculation. As a strategy to include the experiences, knowledge and perception of men who have sex with men, this study asked the question on condom use during anal sex. Only 24.4% of the male participants indicated they have never had anal sex while for females, the percentage was more than half (53.5%). Condom use during anal sex was low with only 20.6% of participants reporting condom use during anal sex. Negative perceptions about condom use – such as that condom use promotes sexual promiscuity, and not using condoms with steady sexual partners – were significant in this study. Also, condom use errors were common in this study.

Conclusion:

There is a wide gap in knowledge of correct condom use in this population. There is need for interventions that address the issue of condom use during anal and same-sex sexual intercourse in this population.

Keywords: condom; knowledge; perception; sexually transmitted infections; young adults

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About the article

Corresponding author: Philip Emeka Anyanwu, Science Complex, Department of Pharmacy Health and Well-being, University of Sunderland City Campus, SR1 3SD, Sunderland, UK, E-mail: anyanwuphilipemeka@gmail.com


Received: 2015-05-28

Accepted: 2015-08-16

Published Online: 2015-11-04

Published in Print: 2017-04-01


Conflict of interest statement: The authors declare no conflict of interest.


Citation Information: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, Volume 29, Issue 2, 20150050, ISSN (Online) 2191-0278, ISSN (Print) 0334-0139, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2015-0050.

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