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International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health

Editor-in-Chief: Merrick, Joav

Editorial Board: Birch, Diana ML / Blum, Robert W. / Greydanus, MD, Dr. HC (Athens), Donald E. / Hardoff, Daniel / Kerr, Mike / Levy, Howard B / Morad, Mohammed / Omar, Hatim A. / de Paul, Joaquin / Rydelius, Per-Anders / Shek, Daniel T.L. / Sher, Leo / Silber, Tomas J. / Towns, Susan / Urkin, Jacob / Verhofstadt-Deneve, Leni / Zeltzer, Lonnie / Tenenbaum, Ariel


CiteScore 2018: 0.79

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.350
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.476

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2191-0278
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Volume 29, Issue 3

Issues

Adolescent’s perceptions of parental influences on physical activity

Jerome N. Rachele
  • Corresponding author
  • School of Public Health and Social Work and Institute for Health and Biomedical Innovation, Queensland University of Technology, Victoria Park Rd, Kelvin Grove, Brisbane, QLD, Australia
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Thomas F. Cuddihy
  • School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences and Institute for Health and Biomedical Innovation, Faculty of Health, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, QLD, Australia
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/ Tracy L. Washington
  • Civil Engineering and Built Environment School, Science and Engineering Faculty, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, QLD, Australia
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  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Steven M. McPhail
  • School of Public Health and Social Work and Institute for Health and Biomedical Innovation, Faculty of Health, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, QLD, Australia; and Centre for Functioning and Health Research, Metro South Health, Brisbane, QLD, Australia
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Published Online: 2016-01-21 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2015-0093

Abstract

Background: Youth physical activity engagement is a key component of contemporary health promotion strategies. Parents have potential to influence the physical activity behaviours of their children. The purpose of this study was to explore associations between adolescent self-reported physical activity, parent physical activity and perceptions of parental influence as measured by the Children’s Physical Activity Correlates (CPAC) questionnaire.

Methods: This investigation included a total of 146 adolescents and their parents. Self-reported measures of physical activity were obtained using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire for Adolescents and International Physical Activity Questionnaire for adolescents and their parents respectively. Adolescent perceptions of parental role modelling, support, and encouragement were measured with the parental influences scales of the CPAC.

Results: Ordinary least squares regression indicated that perceptions of parental role modelling (β=197.41, 95% CI 34.33–360.49, p=0.031) was positively associated with adolescent self-reported moderate-to-vigorous physical activity with the overall model accounting for a small amount of the variance (R2=0.076).

Conclusion: These results are in agreement with previous research indicating that parents play a small, albeit vital role in the physical activity engagement of their children. Public health campaigns with the aim of promoting youth physical activity should endeavour to incorporate parents into their interventions.

Keywords: adolescence; parent; physical activity; self-report

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About the article

Corresponding author: Jerome N. Rachele, School of Public Health and Social Work and Institute for Health and Biomedical Innovation, Queensland University of Technology, Victoria Park Rd, Kelvin Grove, Brisbane, QLD, Australia 4059, Phone: +61 7 3138 5885, Fax: +61 7 3138 3980


Received: 2015-09-21

Accepted: 2015-11-19

Published Online: 2016-01-21


Conflict of interest statement: The authors do not have any conflicts of interest to disclose.


Citation Information: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, Volume 29, Issue 3, 20150093, ISSN (Online) 2191-0278, ISSN (Print) 0334-0139, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2015-0093.

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