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International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health

Editor-in-Chief: Merrick, Joav

Editorial Board: Birch, Diana ML / Blum, Robert W. / Greydanus, MD, Dr. HC (Athens), Donald E. / Hardoff, Daniel / Kerr, Mike / Levy, Howard B / Morad, Mohammed / Omar, Hatim A. / de Paul, Joaquin / Rydelius, Per-Anders / Shek, Daniel T.L. / Sher, Leo / Silber, Tomas J. / Towns, Susan / Urkin, Jacob / Verhofstadt-Deneve, Leni / Zeltzer, Lonnie / Tenenbaum, Ariel

CiteScore 2018: 0.79

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.350
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.476

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Volume 30, Issue 1


Knowledge, attitude, self-efficacy and estimation of frequency of condom use among Iranian students based on a crosswise model

Katayon Vakilian
  • Corresponding author
  • Nursing Midwifery Collage, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak 12345, Iran, Phone: 0863143524
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/ Seyed Abbas Mousavi / Afsaneh Keramat / Reza Chaman
Published Online: 2016-05-13 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2016-0010



This study aimed to evaluate the knowledge, attitude and self-efficacy and condom use among Iranian students.


Knowledge, attitudes towards condoms and self-efficacy of condom use questionnaire were translated and back translated. Then content validity ratio (CVR) and content validity index (CVI) questions higher than 0.6 and 0.71 were accepted, respectively. A “crosswise model” was used to estimate condom use. After pretest on 10 students, reliability test was done by test-re-test and Cronbach’s α. A multi stage sampling was done for 1500 students in Shahroud universities. They filled in a self administered questionnaire and gave it back to the researcher after 40–50 min.


Knowledge, in females was (3.03±1.1) and in males was (3.53±0.83) (p=0.001). Also a small percentage of the students, i.e. 83 girls (9.1%) and six boys (1.1%) had good self-efficacy of condom use (p=0.001). Estimates relating to the use of condoms with a crosswise test showed that 16% of girls (CI=16, 24) and 27% of boys (CI=17, 38) had used a condom during intercourse.


It seems that these three important indicators of reproductive health should be incorporated in AIDS control programs and training programs should emphasize it more.

Keywords: condom; Iran; knowledge; self-efficacy; youth


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About the article

Received: 2016-01-28

Accepted: 2016-03-12

Published Online: 2016-05-13

Conflict of interest statement: No conflict of interest.

Citation Information: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, Volume 30, Issue 1, 20160010, ISSN (Online) 2191-0278, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2016-0010.

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