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International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health

Editor-in-Chief: Merrick, Joav

Editorial Board: Birch, Diana ML / Blum, Robert W. / Greydanus, MD, Dr. HC (Athens), Donald E. / Hardoff, Daniel / Kerr, Mike / Levy, Howard B / Morad, Mohammed / Omar, Hatim A. / de Paul, Joaquin / Rydelius, Per-Anders / Shek, Daniel T.L. / Sher, Leo / Silber, Tomas J. / Towns, Susan / Urkin, Jacob / Verhofstadt-Deneve, Leni / Zeltzer, Lonnie / Tenenbaum, Ariel

CiteScore 2018: 0.79

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.350
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.476

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Volume 30, Issue 1


Preparation for sexual and reproductive self-care in Iranian adolescent girls: a qualitative study

Zainab Alimoradi
  • Department of Midwifery and Reproductive Health, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Science, Tehran, Iran
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Nourossadat Kariman
  • Corresponding author
  • Department of Midwifery and Reproductive Health, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Science, Niayesh crossroad, Vali-Asr Avenue, Tehran, Iran, Fax: + 98-21-88202521
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Fazlollah Ahmadi / Masoumeh Simbar
  • The Research Center for Safe Motherhood, Department of Midwifery and Reproductive Health, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Science, Tehran, Iran
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2017-05-17 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2016-0094



Adolescence is one of the most important stages in every individual’s life. Pubertal changes and acquiring reproduction capability require adolescents to perform special health care processes. Also the possibility of involvement in high-risk sexual behaviors endangers adolescent girls’ sexual and reproductive health.


Increase and deepen the understanding and knowledge of the factors affecting Iranian adolescent girls’ readiness to take care of their sexual and reproductive health.

Materials and methods

The present qualitative study was conducted using conventional content analysis method. The participants included 18 adolescents who were aged 13–19 years old, single, studying at high school, art school, or university and had no history of chronic medical or psychological diseases; further, most of them had the experience of menstruation. Purposive sampling was initiated and continued until data saturation. Data collection were performed using in-depth and unstructured interviews. Qualitative content analysis of the interviews was conducted simultaneously with data collection using the Graneheim and Lundman approach .MAXQDA 2010 software was used for storage, retrieval, and management of the data.


Preparation for care was the main theme that emerged in this study along with 19 subcategories and four main categories, including desirable interaction between families and adolescents, readiness for puberty and menstruation, life skills and spiritual self-monitoring.


The education and health care systems’ authorities of the country can exploit the results of this study for making policies and interventions expedient to the society’s cultural conditions in order to improve the reproductive and sexual self-care status of adolescents’ girls.

Keywords: adolescent girls; self-care; sexual and reproductive health

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About the article

Received: 2016-08-19

Accepted: 2016-12-26

Published Online: 2017-05-17

Citation Information: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, Volume 30, Issue 1, 20160094, ISSN (Online) 2191-0278, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2016-0094.

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