Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health

Editor-in-Chief: Merrick, Joav

Editorial Board: Birch, Diana ML / Blum, Robert W. / Greydanus, MD, Dr. HC (Athens), Donald E. / Hardoff, Daniel / Kerr, Mike / Levy, Howard B / Morad, Mohammed / Omar, Hatim A. / de Paul, Joaquin / Rydelius, Per-Anders / Shek, Daniel T.L. / Sher, Leo / Silber, Tomas J. / Towns, Susan / Urkin, Jacob / Verhofstadt-Deneve, Leni / Zeltzer, Lonnie / Tenenbaum, Ariel

CiteScore 2018: 0.79

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.350
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.476

See all formats and pricing
More options …
Volume 30, Issue 1


Pre-aesculapian messages from ancient archives of Mesopotamia: the Epic of Gilgamesh and the library of Ashurbanipal

Donald E. Greydanus
  • Department of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine, Western Michigan University Homer Stryker MD School of Medicine, 1000 Oakland Drive, D48G, Kalamazoo, MI 49008-1284, USA
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Joav Merrick
  • Medical Director, Health Services, Division for Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, Ministry of Social Affairs and Social Services, POBox 1260, IL-91012 Jerusalem, Israel
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2016-12-15 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2016-0128


  • 1.

    Magner LN. A history of the life sciences, 3rd ed. New York: Marcel Dekker, 2002.Google Scholar

  • 2.

    Zettler RL. Ancient mesopotamia: the early history of the ancient near East, 9000–2000 BC. Science 1989;244:370–1.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 3.

    Hole F. Investigating the origins of mesopotamian civilization. Science 1966;153:605–11.CrossrefPubMedGoogle Scholar

  • 4.

    Horejs B, Milić B, Ostmann F, Thanheiser U, Wenninger B, et al. The Aegean in the early 7th millennium BC: maritime networks and colonization. J World Prehist 2015;28:259–330.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • 5.

    Leick G. The A to Z of mesopotamia. Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press, 2010.Google Scholar

  • 6.

    Wiegand WA, Davis Jr DG, editors. Encyclopedia of library history. New York: Garland, 1994.Google Scholar

  • 7.

    Spielmeyer R. The epic of Gilgamesh; resolution of concepts of evil and death in ancient Babylonia. NY State J Med 1979;79:1618–21.Google Scholar

  • 8.

    Rausch R, Dirks H, Kallioras A, Schüth C. The riddle of the springs of Dilmun – does the Gilgamesh epic tell the truth? Ground Water 2014;52:640–4.PubMedCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 9.

    Levenson JD. Inheriting Abraham: The legacy of the patriarch in Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2012.Google Scholar

  • 10.

    Beit-Hallahmi B. The foundations of Judaism: psychoanalytic interpretations. Isr J Psychiatry Relat Sci 1994;41:200–10.Google Scholar

  • 11.

    Neiburger EJ, Cohen M, Lieberman J, Lieberman M. The dentition of Abraham’s people. Why Abraham left mesopotamia. NY State Dent J 1998;64:25–9.Google Scholar

  • 12.

    Neiburger EJ. Dentistry in ancient mesopotamia. J Mass Dent Soc 2000;49:16–9.PubMedGoogle Scholar

  • 13.

    Wilson JV. Scurvy in ancient mesopotamia. Bull NY Acad Med 1969;45:380.Google Scholar

  • 14.

    Adamson PB. Absorption of lead in ancient mesopotamia. Med Secoli 1979;16:333–7.PubMedGoogle Scholar

  • 15.

    Martins E, Silva J. Medicine in ancient mesopotamia – part 1. Acta Med Port 2009;22:841–54. [Portuguese]PubMedGoogle Scholar

  • 16.

    Martins E, Silva J. Medicine in ancient mesopotamia – part 2. Acta Med Port 2010;23:125–40. [Portuguese]PubMedGoogle Scholar

  • 17.

    Zuskin E, Lipozencić J, Pucarin-Cvetković, Mustajbegović J, Schachter N, et al. Ancient medicine: a review. Acta Dermatovenerol Croat 2008;16:149–57.PubMedGoogle Scholar

  • 18.

    Attia A, Buisson G. Some aspects of medicine in ancient mesopotamia. Rev Prat 2006;56:458–61. [French]PubMedGoogle Scholar

  • 19.

    André-Leicknam B. Early written medical documents. Blood in mesopotamia. Noun Rev Fr Hematol 1983;25:141–4.Google Scholar

  • 20.

    Wolf S. Early medicine in mesopotamia. Integr Physiol Behav Sci 1999;34:217–8.PubMedCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 21.

    Coleman M, Scurlock J. Viral haemorrhagic fevers in ancient mesopotamia. Trop Med Int Heatlh 1997;2:603–6.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 22.

    Reiner E. Medicine in ancient mesopotamia. J Int Coll Surg 1964;41:544–50.PubMedGoogle Scholar

  • 23.

    Retief FP, Cilliers L. Mesopotamian medicine. S Afr Med J 2007;97:27–30.PubMedGoogle Scholar

  • 24.

    Biggs R. Medicine in ancient mesopotamia. Hist Sci 1969;8:94–105.CrossrefPubMedGoogle Scholar

  • 25.

    Biggs RD. Medicine, surgery and public healing in ancient mesopotamia. J Assyrian Acad Stud 2005;19:1–19.Google Scholar

  • 26.

    Nickels E. The dawn of history, medicine in mesopotamia. Rev Med Liege 1985;40:850–60. [French]PubMedGoogle Scholar

  • 27.

    Fales FM. Chapter 2: mesopotamia. Handb Clin Neurol 2010;95-15-27. DOI: .CrossrefPubMedGoogle Scholar

  • 28.

    Greydanus DE. Pediatric and adolescent psychopharmacology. Pediatric Clin North Am 2011;58:xv–xxiv.Google Scholar

  • 29.

    Greydanus DE, Merrick J. Medical history. Some perspectives. New York: Nova Biomedical, 2016.Google Scholar

  • 30.

    Tajima-Pozo K, Zambrano-Enriquez D, de Anta L, Moron MD, Carrasco JL, et al. Practicing exorcism in schizophrenia. BMJ Case Rep 2011;2011:pii:bcr1020092350.PubMedGoogle Scholar

  • 31.

    Harris JC. Exorcism: the miracles of St. Ignatius of Loyola: Peter Paul Rubens. JAMA Psychiatry 2014;71:866–7.CrossrefWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • 32.

    Campbell J, Stickley T, Crosbie B. Madness, mystery, reality and illusion. J Psychiatry Ment Health Nurs 2011;18:924–9.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 33.

    Niemi M. Magic, myths and molecules. Medicine – from Hippocrates to the future. Duodecim 1997;113:1329–35. [Finnish]PubMedGoogle Scholar

  • 34.

    Bloch H. Man’s reasoning about diseases. Time and place. NY State J Med 1980;80:1888–91.Google Scholar

  • 35.

    Robson E. Mesopotamian medicine and religion: current debates, new perspectives. Religion Compass 2018;2/4:455–83.Google Scholar

  • 36.

    Mujais S. The future of the realm: medicine and divination in ancient Syro-Mesopotamia. Am J Nephrol 1999;19:133–9.PubMedCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 37.

    Böck B. “When you perform the ritual of ‘rubbing’”: on medicine and magic in ancient mesopotamia. J Near East Stud 2003;62:1–16.CrossrefPubMedGoogle Scholar

  • 38.

    Feenstra O, Seybold I. Roots of medicine and law in ancient mesopotamia. Acta Med Leg Soc (Liege) 1989;39:335–8.PubMedGoogle Scholar

  • 39.

    Bruno AM. Medical responsibility in the Code of Hammurabi. An Paul Med Cir 1951;62:97–114.PubMedGoogle Scholar

  • 40.

    Adamson PB. The influence of the king on medical practice in ancient mesopotamia. Med Secoli 1989;1:13–22.Google Scholar

  • 41.

    Burton JL. A bite into the history of the autopsy: from ancient roots to modern decay. Forensic Sci Med Pathol 2005;1:277–84.PubMedCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 42.

    Ramadan H, Abdulla F, Al-Shimmery E. Mesopotamia. Pract Neurol 2009;9:176–8.PubMedCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 43.

    Sir D. The story of nephrology. J R Soc Med 1980;73:514–8.CrossrefPubMedGoogle Scholar

  • 44.

    Dunea G. History of nephrology: beginnings. Hektoen Internat: J Med Humanities URL: http://www.hektoeninternational.org/index/php?option=com.

  • 45.

    Eknoyan G. Beginnings-The kidney and nephrology in ancient Mesopotamian culture. Semin Dial 2016;29:236–46.Web of ScienceCrossrefPubMedGoogle Scholar

  • 46.

    Kramer SN. The Sumerians. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 1963:225–6.Google Scholar

About the article

Published Online: 2016-12-15

Citation Information: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, Volume 30, Issue 1, 20160128, ISSN (Online) 2191-0278, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2016-0128.

Export Citation

©2018 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston.Get Permission

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in