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International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health

Editor-in-Chief: Merrick, Joav

Editorial Board: Birch, Diana ML / Blum, Robert W. / Greydanus, MD, Dr. HC (Athens), Donald E. / Hardoff, Daniel / Kerr, Mike / Levy, Howard B / Morad, Mohammed / Omar, Hatim A. / de Paul, Joaquin / Rydelius, Per-Anders / Shek, Daniel T.L. / Sher, Leo / Silber, Tomas J. / Towns, Susan / Urkin, Jacob / Verhofstadt-Deneve, Leni / Zeltzer, Lonnie / Tenenbaum, Ariel

CiteScore 2018: 0.79

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.350
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.476

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Volume 31, Issue 2


Self-care challenges in adolescents: a comprehensive literature review

Maryam Masoumi
  • Research Student Committee, Mazandaran University of Medical Science, Nasibeh Nursing and Midwifery Faculty, Sari, Iran
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Zohreh Shahhosseini
  • Corresponding author
  • Department of Reproductive Health and Midwifery, Nasibeh Nursing and Midwifery Faculty, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran
  • Sexual and Reproductive Health Research Center, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2017-05-24 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2016-0152



Adolescence is the period of accepting self-care responsibility. Many severe diseases that cause early mortality are rooted in adolescence. Hence, adolescence is the definitive time for preventive interventions such as self-care behaviors. In addition to the benefits of self-care behaviors, evidence shows that adolescents face barriers in performing self-care behaviors.


The aim of the current study to review the self-care challenges for adolescents.


Databases such as Google Scholar, ScienceDirect, PubMed, Web of Science, Scientific Information Database and Scopus were searched to extract papers published from 1994 to 2016 based on the inclusion criterion. The inclusion criterion was English language papers from famous authors on self-care behaviors in adolescents.


The results of the current study showed that adolescents face cultural (two subcategories, beliefs and convictions, knowledge), socio-economic (five subcategories, family, healthcare providers, peers, social support, economic status) and personal (three subcategories, mental health, gender, ethnicity) challenges.


Self-care behaviors in adolescents are influenced by biological, psychological, economic and social factors. As this is a multifactorial process, people who deal with adolescents should have enough knowledge regarding adolescent health status and also learn how to perceive the role of culture in self-care behaviors of the adolescents.

Keywords: adolescents; narrative review; self-care


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About the article

Received: 2016-11-26

Accepted: 2017-02-21

Published Online: 2017-05-24

Conflict of interest: None declared.

Citation Information: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, Volume 31, Issue 2, 20160152, ISSN (Online) 2191-0278, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2016-0152.

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