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International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health

Editor-in-Chief: Merrick, Joav

Editorial Board: Birch, Diana ML / Blum, Robert W. / Greydanus, MD, Dr. HC (Athens), Donald E. / Hardoff, Daniel / Kerr, Mike / Levy, Howard B / Morad, Mohammed / Omar, Hatim A. / de Paul, Joaquin / Rydelius, Per-Anders / Shek, Daniel T.L. / Sher, Leo / Silber, Tomas J. / Towns, Susan / Urkin, Jacob / Verhofstadt-Deneve, Leni / Zeltzer, Lonnie / Tenenbaum, Ariel

CiteScore 2018: 0.79

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.350
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.476

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Volume 31, Issue 3


Parent educators for teenage smoking behavior

Lucky Herawati
  • Health Polytechnic Yogyakarta, Jln. Tatabumi 3, Banyuraden, Gamping, Sleman, Yogyakarta postcode 55293, Indonesia
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Johan Arief Budiman
  • Corresponding author
  • Health Polytechnic Jakarta II, Jl. Hang Jebat III/F3, Kebayoran, Jakarta 12120, Indonesia, Phone: +62-21-7397641, Mobile phone: +62818169026
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Choirul Hadi / Abdul Khair
Published Online: 2017-06-09 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2017-0017



Several studies have shown that there is a significant relationship between teenagers and parental smoking behavior. This study was to empower parent (smokers and non-smokers) to raise parents’ concern, to describe teenagers’ knowledge about smoking and its dangers, to reduce the status of teenage smoking behavior, and to decrease the number of cigarettes smoked/day.


This was a quasi-experimental study, with a pretest-posttest group design. The respondents were 649 students from the 8th grade in junior high schools from three provinces in Indonesia divided into two intervention groups and one control group. The dependent variable was the implementation of parent educators (smokers and non-smokers) who were trained about smoking and its dangers. Data were analyzed by analysis of variance (ANOVA) and the Kruskal-Wallis test, with a significant level of 0.05.


The results showed that the smoking parent educator model increased the frequency of parent concern significantly and improved knowledge about the dangers of smoking insignificantly; whereas the non-smoker parent educator model decreased the number of respondents’ frequent smoking status insignificantly and reduced the number of cigarettes smoked /day by the frequent smoker respondents significantly.


The parent educator model can be used for preventing teenage smoking behavior.

Keywords: parent educators model; smoker and non-smoker; teenage smoking behavior

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About the article

Received: 2017-01-30

Accepted: 2017-03-22

Published Online: 2017-06-09

Citation Information: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, Volume 31, Issue 3, 20170017, ISSN (Online) 2191-0278, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2017-0017.

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