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International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health

Editor-in-Chief: Merrick, Joav

Editorial Board: Birch, Diana ML / Blum, Robert W. / Greydanus, MD, Dr. HC (Athens), Donald E. / Hardoff, Daniel / Kerr, Mike / Levy, Howard B / Morad, Mohammed / Omar, Hatim A. / de Paul, Joaquin / Rydelius, Per-Anders / Shek, Daniel T.L. / Sher, Leo / Silber, Tomas J. / Towns, Susan / Urkin, Jacob / Verhofstadt-Deneve, Leni / Zeltzer, Lonnie / Tenenbaum, Ariel


CiteScore 2018: 0.79

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.350
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.476

Online
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2191-0278
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Volume 31, Issue 3

Issues

Diet quality, overweight and daily monetary allowance of Greek adolescents

Dimitrios Poulimeneas
  • Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Alexander Technological Educational Institute, Thessaloniki, Greece
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/ Dimitrios Vlachos
  • Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Alexander Technological Educational Institute, Thessaloniki, Greece
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/ Maria I. Maraki / Efstratia Daskalou
  • Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Alexander Technological Educational Institute, Thessaloniki, Greece
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/ Melpomene Grammatikopoulou / Lenia Karathanou
  • Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Alexander Technological Educational Institute, Thessaloniki, Greece
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/ Emma Kotsias
  • Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Alexander Technological Educational Institute, Thessaloniki, Greece
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/ Fotini Tsofliou / Maria Tsigga
  • Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Alexander Technological Educational Institute, Thessaloniki, Greece
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/ Maria G. Grammatikopoulou
  • Corresponding author
  • Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Alexander Technological Educational Institute, Sindos, PO Box 141, GR 57400, Thessaloniki, Greece, Phone: +30 2310 013584
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Published Online: 2017-07-14 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2017-0019

Abstract

Objective

To investigate cross-correlates of pocket-money on diet quality and weight status of Greek adolescents.

Methods

A total of 172 adolescents (55.2% boys), aged between 10 and 15 years old were recruited. Body weight and height were measured, body mass index (BMI) was computed. Weight status was assessed according to the International Obesity Task Force criteria and diet quality was evaluated via the Healthy Eating Index (HEI) – 2010.

Results

Adolescents were allowed a mean allowance of €4.63 ± 3.66 daily. Among boys participants, BMI correlated with pocket money (r = 0.311, p ≤ 0.002) and normoweight boys received statistically less money than their overweight peers (p ≤ 0.019). In both sexes, normoweight was more prevalent in the lowest monetary quartiles. Pocket money was not associated with HEI. Among boys, moderate HEI was more prevalent in the third quartile of pocket money, significantly higher compared to all others (p ≤ 0.01 for all). For girls, the prevalence of moderate HEI declined by each ascending pocket money quartile (p ≤ 0.05 for all).

Conclusion

In our sample, adolescents exhibited high rates of pooled overweight including obesity. The majority of the participants followed a diet of moderate quality. Pocket money was associated with BMI only among boys. As pocket money was not associated with diet quality, it is highly possible that adolescents might choose to spend their money on items other than foods. Our study shows that pocket money should be controlled during adolescence and teenagers should be educated on spending their money on healthier food choices.

Keywords: adolescence; diet quality; Greece; nutrition; overweight; pocket money

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About the article

aDimitrios Poulimeneas and Dimitrios Vlachos contributed equally to the manuscript.


Received: 2017-02-04

Accepted: 2017-04-07

Published Online: 2017-07-14


Conflict of interest: None declared.


Citation Information: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, Volume 31, Issue 3, 20170019, ISSN (Online) 2191-0278, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2017-0019.

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