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International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health

Editor-in-Chief: Merrick, Joav

Editorial Board: Birch, Diana ML / Blum, Robert W. / Greydanus, MD, Dr. HC (Athens), Donald E. / Hardoff, Daniel / Kerr, Mike / Levy, Howard B / Morad, Mohammed / Omar, Hatim A. / de Paul, Joaquin / Rydelius, Per-Anders / Shek, Daniel T.L. / Sher, Leo / Silber, Tomas J. / Towns, Susan / Urkin, Jacob / Verhofstadt-Deneve, Leni / Zeltzer, Lonnie / Tenenbaum, Ariel

CiteScore 2018: 0.79

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Factors affecting oral health determinants in female university students: a cross-sectional survey in Saudi Arabia

Najla S. Dar-Odeh
  • Corresponding author
  • College of Dentistry, Taibah University, Al Madina Al Munawarah, Saudi Arabia
  • Faculty of Dentistry, University of Jordan, Amman, Jordan, Phone: 00966/592231888
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Fatimah Ali Aleithan / Ahmad A. Alnazzawi / Mohammad H. Al-Shayyab / Shaden O. Abu-Hammad / Osama A. Abu-Hammad
  • College of Dentistry, Taibah University, Al Madina Al Munawarah, Saudi Arabia
  • Faculty of Dentistry, University of Jordan, Amman, Jordan
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2017-08-01 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2017-0084



This study aims at investigating factors affecting oral health patterns, attitudes and health risk behaviors among female university students.


An online questionnaire was distributed to female university students in Al Madinah in the western region of Saudi Arabia. Students were requested to answer questions on demographic data, oral hygiene practices, dental attendance, smoking history, practice of sports and body weight and height.


Two hundred and fourteen students participated with age range of 18–31 years (mean = 21.64 ± 1.72 years). Oral hygiene habits were reported by a percentage of 97.2%, 34.6%, 30.8% and 19.2% who used a tooth brush, dental floss, mouthwash, and a miswak (a teeth cleaning twig made from the Salvadora persica tree), respectively. The only factor that was significantly associated with a good oral hygiene level was a university major of non-healthcare specialties (p = 0.009).


It is concluded that female university students use various oral hygiene methods, however, dental attendance is poor and a number of health risk factors are noticed like smoking, lack of practicing sport and unhealthy body mass index (BMI).

Keywords: attitude; BMI; female; oral health; oral hygiene; pattern; smoking; university students

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About the article

Received: 2017-05-11

Accepted: 2017-06-08

Published Online: 2017-08-01

Declaration of conflicting interests: Authors declare that there is no conflict of interest.

Citation Information: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, 20170084, ISSN (Online) 2191-0278, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2017-0084.

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