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International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health

Editor-in-Chief: Merrick, Joav

Editorial Board: Birch, Diana ML / Blum, Robert W. / Greydanus, MD, Dr. HC (Athens), Donald E. / Hardoff, Daniel / Kerr, Mike / Levy, Howard B / Morad, Mohammed / Omar, Hatim A. / de Paul, Joaquin / Rydelius, Per-Anders / Shek, Daniel T.L. / Sher, Leo / Silber, Tomas J. / Towns, Susan / Urkin, Jacob / Verhofstadt-Deneve, Leni / Zeltzer, Lonnie / Tenenbaum, Ariel


CiteScore 2018: 0.79

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.350
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.476

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2191-0278
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Investigation of the prevalence and causes and of legal abortion of teenage married mothers in Iran

Fatemeh Ghodrati
  • Department of Theology, Faculty of Humanities Science College, Yasouj University, Yasouj, Iran
  • Other articles by this author:
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/ Narges Saadatmand
  • Department of Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Student Research Committee of Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Saeid Gholamzadeh / Marzieh Akbarzadeh
  • Corresponding author
  • Maternal-Fetal Medicine Research Center, Department of Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran, Phone: 0711-6474250, Fax: 0711-647425
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
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Published Online: 2018-02-05 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2017-0091

Abstract

Background

The therapeutic abortion law, in accordance with the fatwa issued by our Muslim jurisprudent approved by the parliament in 2005, has made major developments in dealing with cases of therapeutic abortions.

Objective

This study aimed at identifying the prevalence and causes of therapeutic abortion requests to the Legal Medicine Organization of Fars province, Shiraz, by pregnant teenager mothers.

Methods

This study was a retrospective, cross-sectional, descriptive survey. In this study, all documents related to therapeutic abortion requests from the Legal Medicine Organization of Fars province (southern Iran) from 2006 to 2013 were investigated. The total sample size included 1664, out of which 142 were teenagers. Sampling was carried out using Convenience method. Data were analyzed using SPSS statistical software, version 16, descriptive statistics and χ2.

Results

In this study, 142 mothers were under 20 years of age (8.5%). The prevalence of fetal abortion license requests was 110 (78.6%) and for maternal causes was 30 (21.4%). There was no significant statistical correlation between fetal causes in different years (p = 0.083).

The most common causes of fetal abortion request were for thalassemia treatment in 78 cases (79.9%) followed by fetal malformations (20.9%); also, the most common maternal cause was thalassemia in 14 cases (51.9%) and depression in three cases (1.11%), respectively.

Conclusion

Our results showed that after approval of therapeutic abortion law, requests for therapeutic abortion due to fetal causes are extensively increasing. There is still a need for coordination of judicial, medical and legal authorities for prompt notification.

Keywords: abortion; Iran; legal; prevalence; teenager

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About the article

Received: 2017-05-22

Accepted: 2017-08-02

Published Online: 2018-02-05


Author contributions: MA contributed to the conception of the work, conducting the study, revising the draft, approval of the final version of the manuscript, and agreed with all aspects of the work FG and NS and SG agreed with all aspects of the work.

Authors conflict: No declared.

Declaration of interest: The authors have no conflicts to declare.


Citation Information: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, 20170091, ISSN (Online) 2191-0278, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2017-0091.

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