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International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health

Editor-in-Chief: Merrick, Joav

Editorial Board: Birch, Diana ML / Blum, Robert W. / Greydanus, MD, Dr. HC (Athens), Donald E. / Hardoff, Daniel / Kerr, Mike / Levy, Howard B / Morad, Mohammed / Omar, Hatim A. / de Paul, Joaquin / Rydelius, Per-Anders / Shek, Daniel T.L. / Sher, Leo / Silber, Tomas J. / Towns, Susan / Urkin, Jacob / Verhofstadt-Deneve, Leni / Zeltzer, Lonnie / Tenenbaum, Ariel


CiteScore 2018: 0.79

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.350
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.476

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2191-0278
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Relationships between metabolic profile, hypertension and uric acid with cardiometabolic risk in adolescents with abdominal obesity: impact of geodemographic factors on the prevalence of abdominal obesity

Hamida Bouhenni
  • Laboratory of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Faculty of Natural Sciences and Life Sciences, Mentouri Brothers University, Constantine, Algeria
  • Other articles by this author:
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/ Hadjer Daoudi
  • Laboratory of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Faculty of Natural Sciences and Life Sciences, Mentouri Brothers University, Constantine, Algeria
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Haidar Djemai
  • IRMES – Institute for Research in Biomedecine and Epidemiology of Sport, Paris, France
  • EA 7329, Paris Descartes University, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Paris, France
  • National Institute of Sport, Expertise and Performance – INSEP, Paris, France
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Philippe Noirez
  • IRMES – Institute for Research in Biomedecine and Epidemiology of Sport, Paris, France
  • EA 7329, Paris Descartes University, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Paris, France
  • National Institute of Sport, Expertise and Performance – INSEP, Paris, France
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  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Abdelkader Rouabah
  • Laboratory of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Faculty of Natural Sciences and Life Sciences, Mentouri Brothers University, Constantine, Algeria
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/ Damien Vitiello
  • Corresponding author
  • IRMES – Institute for Research in Biomedecine and Epidemiology of Sport, Paris, France
  • National Institute of Sport, Expertise and Performance – INSEP, Paris, France
  • EA 7329, Paris Descartes University, School of Sport Sciences, 1 Lacretelle street, 75015, Paris, France, Phone: +331176533402
  • Email
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/ Leila Rouabah
  • Corresponding author
  • Laboratory of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Faculty of Natural Sciences and Life Sciences, Mentouri Brothers University, 1 Ain El bey street, 25000, Constantine, Algeria, Phone: +213777065109
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
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Published Online: 2017-11-23 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2017-0107

Abstract

Background

Association of hyperuricemia, dyslipidemia and high blood pressure (BP) among adolescents with high waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) remains not fully addressed and could represent a new way to diagnose adolescents early with cardiometabolic risk.

Objective

We aimed to determine abdominal obesity (AO) prevalence and investigate relations between AO, uric acid (UA), lipid profiles, BP and geographical patterns in adolescents.

Subjects

577 and 204 Algerian students aged between 10 and 19 years were included in our epidemiological and biochemical studies, respectively.

Methods

Height, weight, waist circumference (Wc) and hip circumferences, body mass index (BMI) and BP were measured. Fasting blood sampling was performed to measure glycemia, lipid profile, uricemia, insulinemia and leptinemia. The WHtR ≥0.50 was applied for the diagnosis of AO and geodemographics was evaluated.

Results

The prevalence of AO was 12.13% among all students, 19.17% and 16.39% among students living in urban and plain areas, respectively. The risk of AO may be reduced in rural and mountainous areas. Lipid parameters, UA, insulin and leptin serum concentrations were significantly increased in adolescents with WHtR ≥0.50 compared to those with WHtR <0.50. Cardiometabolic risk was increased with WHtR ≥0.50 and BMI >26. Means of BMI, Wc, BP, and lipid parameters were significantly increased in the fourth quartiles compared to the first quartile of UA.

Conclusion

Urban areas and plains represent factors contributing to AO and WHtR ≥0.50 may be used as a cut-off point to define risks of high BP, lipid abnormalities and UA serum level in Algerian adolescents.

Keywords: abdominal obesity; adolescents; cardiometabolic risk; uric acid

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About the article

aDamien Vitiello and Leila Rouabah contributed equally to this work.


Received: 2017-06-27

Accepted: 2017-08-25

Published Online: 2017-11-23


Conflict of interest statement: The author(s) declare(s) that there is no conflict of interest regarding the publication of this paper.


Citation Information: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, 20170107, ISSN (Online) 2191-0278, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2017-0107.

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