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International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health

Editor-in-Chief: Merrick, Joav

Editorial Board: Birch, Diana ML / Blum, Robert W. / Greydanus, MD, Dr. HC (Athens), Donald E. / Hardoff, Daniel / Kerr, Mike / Levy, Howard B / Morad, Mohammed / Omar, Hatim A. / de Paul, Joaquin / Rydelius, Per-Anders / Shek, Daniel T.L. / Sher, Leo / Silber, Tomas J. / Towns, Susan / Urkin, Jacob / Verhofstadt-Deneve, Leni / Zeltzer, Lonnie / Tenenbaum, Ariel

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Cross-sectional comparison of age-related changes in the quadriceps femoris in Japanese basketball players

Yuta Sekine
  • Corresponding author
  • Nippon Sport Science University, Faculty of Sport Science, 7-1-1, Fukasawa, Setagaya-ku, 158-0081, Tokyo, Japan
  • Waseda University, Graduate School of Sport Sciences, 2-579-15, Mikajima, Tokorozawa, 359-1192, Saitama, Japan
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/ Norikazu Hirose
Published Online: 2017-11-23 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2017-0117



This study examines age-related changes in the quadriceps femoris (QF), subdivided into the vastus medialis oblique (VMO), vastus medialis (VM), rectus femoris (RF), vastus intermedius (VI) and vastus lateralis (VL) in basketball players.


Seventy male basketball players were divided into four groups according to age (12–13, 14–15, 16–17, and 18–20 years).


Ultrasonography was used to measure muscle architecture of the VMO, VM, RF, VI and VL. We created cubic approximate expressions and calculated inflexion points to evaluate peak growth age of each muscle head.


Significant interactions were observed for all QF parts (p < 0.01–0.001). Muscle thickness (MT) in all QF parts was significantly lower in 12–13-year olds than in 18–20-year olds (p < 0.01–0.001). Significant differences were recognised between 12–13 and 16–17-year olds in VM (p < 0.001), RF (p < 0.001) and VL (p = 0.007). MT was significantly lower in 14–15-year olds than in 16–17-year olds in the VM (p = 0.007) and RF (p = 0.026) and in 18–20 year olds in the VM (p < 0.001), RF (p = 0.036) and VI (p < 0.001). Peak growth age was estimated for each QF part (VMO, 155.0 months; VM, 187.8 months; RF, 212.2 months, VI, 188.9 months; VL, 181.1 months).


QF parts have different growth rates due to differing functions in each muscle head.

Keywords: adolescent; athletes; growth; muscles; ultrasonography


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About the article

aPresent address: Teikyo Heisei University, Faculty of Modern Life, 4-21-2, Nakano, Nakano-ku, Tokyo, 164-8530, Japan

Received: 2017-07-12

Accepted: 2017-09-24

Published Online: 2017-11-23

Conflict of interest declaration: No potential conflict of interest was reported by the authors.

Citation Information: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, 20170117, ISSN (Online) 2191-0278, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2017-0117.

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