Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health

Editor-in-Chief: Merrick, Joav

Editorial Board: Birch, Diana ML / Blum, Robert W. / Greydanus, MD, Dr. HC (Athens), Donald E. / Hardoff, Daniel / Kerr, Mike / Levy, Howard B / Morad, Mohammed / Omar, Hatim A. / de Paul, Joaquin / Rydelius, Per-Anders / Shek, Daniel T.L. / Sher, Leo / Silber, Tomas J. / Towns, Susan / Urkin, Jacob / Verhofstadt-Deneve, Leni / Zeltzer, Lonnie / Tenenbaum, Ariel


CiteScore 2018: 0.79

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.350
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.476

Online
ISSN
2191-0278
See all formats and pricing
More options …
Ahead of print

Issues

Knowledge, attitude and practice towards eating and physical activity among primary school children in Brunei: a cross-sectional study

Zaidah Rizidah Murang
  • Corresponding author
  • Pengiran Anak Puteri Rashidah Sa’adatul Bolkiah Institute of Health Sciences, Universiti Brunei Darussalam, Jalan Tungku Link, Gadong, Negara Brunei Darussalam
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ NAA Tuah
  • Pengiran Anak Puteri Rashidah Sa’adatul Bolkiah Institute of Health Sciences, Universiti Brunei Darussalam, Jalan Tungku Link, Gadong, Negara Brunei Darussalam
  • Department of Primary Care and Public Health, School of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Lin Naing
  • Pengiran Anak Puteri Rashidah Sa’adatul Bolkiah Institute of Health Sciences, Universiti Brunei Darussalam, Jalan Tungku Link, Gadong, Negara Brunei Darussalam
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2017-11-30 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2017-0118

Abstract

Background

Childhood obesity has become a global public health crisis. Many studies have been conducted to explore the knowledge, attitude and practices towards eating and physical activity amongst parents and healthcare workers. However, very little is known amongst children. It is imperative to understand these factors as they have been associated with obesity among children.

Objective

This study aimed to assess the knowledge, attitude and practices of Bruneian children towards eating and physical activity, in order to identify the factors that influence the development of obesity.

Methods

The study involved 353 children from four primary schools in Brunei. The data collection tool used was modified validated questionnaires with sections on demographic characteristic, knowledge about obesity, eating habits and physical activity.

Results

The majority of children (>60%) had good knowledge of obesity and intake of healthy food, but, 84.2% lacked knowledge on the required daily servings of fruits and vegetables. 68.8% purchased food and beverages from their school canteen. 93.8% were aware about the health benefits of physical activity and 70.2% spent only 1–2 h of screen time per day, however, 46.9% did not meet the recommended amount of physical activity although they reported to have performed enough. This suggested that a comprehensive education on food intake requirements and physical activity are necessary in order to better educate children.

Conclusion

Health educators and public health professionals may find our findings useful in order to plan and develop tailored interventions for children, as well as better promotion of a healthy lifestyle to children and their families.

Keywords: child health; childhood obesity; eating habits; physical activity

References

  • [1]

    Karnik S, Kanekar A. Childhood obesity: a global public health crisis. Int J Prev Med. 2012;3(1):1–7.PubMedGoogle Scholar

  • [2]

    Berenson GS. Obesity – a critical issue in preventive cardiology: the Bogalusa Heart Study. Prev Cardiol. 2005;8(4):233–4.Google Scholar

  • [3]

    Redsell SA, Atkinson P, Nathan D, Siriwardena AN, Swift JA, Glazebrook C. Parents’ beliefs about appropriate infant size, growth and feeding behaviour: implications for the prevention of childhood obesity. BMC Public Health. 2010;10:711.PubMedWeb of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [4]

    Mazur A, Matusik P, Revert K, Nyankovskyy S, Socha P, Binkowska-Bury M, et al. Childhood obesity: knowledge, attitudes, and practices of European pediatric care providers. Pediatrics. 2013;132(1):e100–8.PubMedWeb of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [5]

    Gibbs BG, Forste R. Socioeconomic status, infant feeding practices and early childhood obesity. Pediatr Obes. 2014;9(2):135–46.Web of ScienceCrossrefPubMedGoogle Scholar

  • [6]

    Rooney BL, Mathiason MA, Schauberger CW. Predictors of obesity in childhood, adolescence, and adulthood in a birth cohort. Matern Child Heal J. 2011;15(8):1166–75.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [7]

    Lin W, Yang HC, Hang CM, Pan WH. Nutrition knowledge, attitude, and behavior of Taiwanese elementary school children. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 2007;16(Suppl 2):534–46.PubMedGoogle Scholar

  • [8]

    Reinehr T, Kersting M, Chahda C, Andler W. Nutritional knowledge of obese compared to non obese children. Nutr Res. 2003;23(5):645–9.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [9]

    Muller MJ, Mast M, Asbeck I, Langnase K, Grund A. Prevention of obesity – is it possible? Obes Rev. 2001;2(1):15–28.PubMedCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [10]

    Triches RM, Giugliani ER. Obesity, eating habits and nutritional knowledge among school children. Rev Saude Publica. 2005;39(4):541–7.PubMedGoogle Scholar

  • [11]

    Lorson BA, Melgar-Quinonez HR, Taylor CA. Correlates of fruit and vegetable intakes in US children. J Am Diet Assoc. 2009;109(3):474–8.Web of ScienceCrossrefPubMedGoogle Scholar

  • [12]

    Fiorentino M, Landais E, Bastard G, Carriquiry A, Wieringa FT, Berger J. Nutrient intake is insufficient among Senegalese urban school children and adolescents: results from two 24 h recalls in state primary schools in Dakar. Nutrients. 2016;8(10):650.CrossrefWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • [13]

    Chong KH, Wu SK, Noor Hafizah Y, Bragt MC, Poh BK. Eating habits of Malaysian children: findings of the South East Asian Nutrition Surveys (SEANUTS). Asia Pac J Public Heal. 2016;28(5 Suppl):59S–73S.Google Scholar

  • [14]

    Datar A, Nicosia N. Junk food in schools and childhood obesity. J Policy Anal Manag. 2012;31(2):312–37.Web of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [15]

    Thomas LN, Hill TF, Gaines A, Dollahite JS. Implementing Smarter Lunchrooms Makeovers in New York state middle schools: an initial process evaluation. Arch Public Heal. 2016;74:41.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [16]

    Coleman KJ, Shordon M, Caparosa SL, Pomichowski ME, Dzewaltowski DA. The healthy options for nutrition environments in schools (Healthy ONES) group randomized trial: using implementation models to change nutrition policy and environments in low income schools. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2012;9:80.CrossrefPubMedWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • [17]

    Bogart LM, Elliott MN, Cowgill BO, Klein DJ, Hawes-Dawson J, Uyeda K, et al. Two-Year BMI outcomes from a school-based intervention for nutrition and exercise: a randomized trial. Pediatrics. 2016;137(5):e20152493.PubMedCrossrefWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • [18]

    Story M, Kaphingst KM, French S. The role of schools in obesity prevention. Futur Child. 2006;16(1):109–42.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [19]

    Wang X, Hui Z, Terry PD, Ma M, Cheng L, Deng F, et al. Correlates of insufficient physical activity among junior high school students: a cross-sectional study in Xi’an, China. Int J Env Res Public Heal. 2016;13(4):397.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [20]

    Decelis A, Jago R, Fox KR. Physical activity, screen time and obesity status in a nationally representative sample of Maltese youth with international comparisons. BMC Public Health. 2014;14:664.Web of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [21]

    De Cocker K, Ottevaere C, Sjostrom M, Moreno LA, Wärnberg J, Valtueña J, et al. Self-reported physical activity in European adolescents: results from the HELENA (Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence) study. Public Heal Nutr. 2011;14(2):246–54.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [22]

    Wilks DC, Sharp SJ, Ekelund U, Thompson SG, Mander AP, Turner RM, et al. Objectively measured physical activity and fat mass in children: a bias-adjusted meta-analysis of prospective studies. PLoS One. 2011;6(2):e17205.CrossrefPubMedWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • [23]

    Prentice-Dunn H, Prentice-Dunn S. Physical activity, sedentary behavior, and childhood obesity: a review of cross-sectional studies. Psychol Heal Med. 2012;17(3):255–73.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [24]

    Tremblay MS, Leblanc AG, Janssen I, Kho ME, Hicks A, Murumets K, et al. Canadian sedentary behaviour guidelines for children and youth. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab. 2011;36(1):59–71.CrossrefPubMedWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • [25]

    de Jong E, Visscher TL, HiraSing RA, Heymans MW, Seidell JC, Renders CM. Association between TV viewing, computer use and overweight, determinants and competing activities of screen time in 4 to 13-year-old children. Int J Obes. 2013;37(1):47–53.CrossrefWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • [26]

    Hoyos Cillero I, Jago R. Systematic review of correlates of screen-viewing among young children. Prev Med. 2010;51(1):3–10.Web of ScienceCrossrefPubMedGoogle Scholar

About the article

Received: 2017-07-12

Accepted: 2017-09-17

Published Online: 2017-11-30


Citation Information: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, 20170118, ISSN (Online) 2191-0278, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2017-0118.

Export Citation

©2017 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston.Get Permission

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in