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International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health

Editor-in-Chief: Merrick, Joav

Editorial Board: Birch, Diana ML / Blum, Robert W. / Greydanus, MD, Dr. HC (Athens), Donald E. / Hardoff, Daniel / Kerr, Mike / Levy, Howard B / Morad, Mohammed / Omar, Hatim A. / de Paul, Joaquin / Rydelius, Per-Anders / Shek, Daniel T.L. / Sher, Leo / Silber, Tomas J. / Towns, Susan / Urkin, Jacob / Verhofstadt-Deneve, Leni / Zeltzer, Lonnie / Tenenbaum, Ariel


CiteScore 2018: 0.79

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.350
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.476

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2191-0278
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Self perceived psychosocial impact of dental aesthetics among young adults: a cross sectional questionnaire study

Kuracha Chakradhar
  • Department of Public Health Dentistry, Panineeya Institute of Dental Sciences and Hospital, Hyderabad, India
  • Other articles by this author:
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/ Dolar Doshi
  • Department of Public Health Dentistry, Panineeya Institute of Dental Sciences and Hospital, Hyderabad, India
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/ Suhas Kulkarni
  • Department of Public Health Dentistry, Panineeya Institute of Dental Sciences and Hospital, Hyderabad, India
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/ Bandari Srikanth Reddy
  • Department of Public Health Dentistry, Panineeya Institute of Dental Sciences and Hospital, Hyderabad, India
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/ Sahithi Reddy
  • Department of Public Health Dentistry, Panineeya Institute of Dental Sciences and Hospital, Hyderabad, India
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/ Adepu Srilatha
  • Corresponding author
  • Department of Public Health Dentistry, Panineeya Institute of Dental Sciences and Hospital, Road No. 5, Kamala Nagar, Dilsukhnagar, Hyderabad 500060, India, Phone: +91-9989651897, Fax: +91-40-24045037
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Published Online: 2017-11-23 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2017-0129

Abstract

Background

Oral health is not merely the absence of oral disease and dysfunction, but also influences the subject’s social life and dento-facial self confidence.

Objective

To assess and correlate self perceived psychosocial impact of dental aesthetics among young adults based on gender.

Subjects

A convenience sample of Young adults of degree college in the age group of 18–23 years of Hyderabad city, India.

Method

Self perceived psychosocial impact of dental aesthetics was assessed using the psychosocial impact of dental aesthetics questionnaire (PIDAQ). The dental aesthetic index (DAI) was used to evaluate dental aesthetics among participants which includes 10 parameters of dento-facial anomalies related to both clinical and aesthetic aspects of the anterior teeth.

Results

The majority of the study population were 18 years of age (96; 31.4%) with a mean age of 19.2 ± 1.1 years. When the mean total score and individual domain scores of PIDAQ was compared based on gender, females showed higher statistical mean (p ≤ 0.05) for all except the psychology impact domain (p = 0.12). Based on DAI grading and gender, among both males [70 (32.9%)] and females [31 (33.3%)] the majority of them had a DAI score of ≤25 (grade1; normal/minor dental malocclusion). A significant negative correlation was observed between DAI, with PIDAQ and its domains (p ≤ 0.05) except for the dental self confidence (p = 0.72).

Conclusion

This study had examined the relationship between self-perceived psychosocial impact and dental aesthetics. So, early preventive or interceptive procedures should be carried out to prevent further psychosocial impacts on human life.

Keywords: dental aesthetics; malocclusion; psychosocial impact; quality of life; young adults

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About the article

Received: 2017-07-22

Accepted: 2017-09-17

Published Online: 2017-11-23


Citation Information: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, 20170129, ISSN (Online) 2191-0278, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2017-0129.

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