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International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health

Editor-in-Chief: Merrick, Joav

Editorial Board: Birch, Diana ML / Blum, Robert W. / Greydanus, MD, Dr. HC (Athens), Donald E. / Hardoff, Daniel / Kerr, Mike / Levy, Howard B / Morad, Mohammed / Omar, Hatim A. / de Paul, Joaquin / Rydelius, Per-Anders / Shek, Daniel T.L. / Sher, Leo / Silber, Tomas J. / Towns, Susan / Urkin, Jacob / Verhofstadt-Deneve, Leni / Zeltzer, Lonnie / Tenenbaum, Ariel

CiteScore 2018: 0.79

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.350
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Post-traumatic stress and growth among CPR survivors in the southeast of Iran

Seyed Hamid Seyed Bagheri
  • Nursing research center, Razi School of Nursing and Midwifery, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Sedigheh Iranmanesh
  • Corresponding author
  • Nursing research center, Razi School of Nursing and Midwifery, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran, Phone: +989134421012, Fax: +983431325218
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Masoud Rayyani
  • Nursing research center, Razi School of Nursing and Midwifery, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Mahlagha Dehghan / Batool Tirgari
  • Nursing research center, Razi School of Nursing and Midwifery, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Seyed Habibollah Hosseini
Published Online: 2018-01-13 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2017-0138



Almost 7.2%–10.6% of patients survive CPR in Iran. Most of them experience post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and post-traumatic growth (PTG). There are limited studies to assessing the correlation between these two psychological outcomes among CPR survivors.


This study aimed to examine the correlation between PTSD and PTG among CPR survivors in South-East Iran.


Using Quota sampling, 163 CPR survivors in two provinces in the South-East of Iran were selected to participate in this study.


A descriptive-correlational study was used to fulfill the aim of the study. The impact of Event Scale-Revised (IES-R) for assessing PTSD and Post-traumatic growth questionnaires were used to assess PTG.


The mean score of PTSD was 39.89 and according to the cutoff point, 87.1% of participants suffered from PTSD. The mean score of PTG was 78.6. PTSD and PTG had significant negative correlation. The result of multi-variate logistic regression showed that only the PTG score predicted PTSD (Odds ratio = 0.79, CI = 0.72–0.87; and p < 0.001). The result of multi-variate linear regression indicated that PTSD, time passed since CPR, and physical disability caused by CPR predicted PTG score significantly.


This study provides CPR survivors and health care personnel with some valuable insights about cultural aspects of PTSD and PTG among CPR survivors and that PTG is positively influenced by physical disability and time passed since CPR. CPR survivors may gain positive experience and valuable insight in group meetings and discussions with their counterparts.

Keywords: CPR; posttraumatic growth; post-traumatic stress disorder; survivors


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About the article

Received: 2017-08-08

Accepted: 2017-09-17

Published Online: 2018-01-13

Conflict of interest statement: There was no conflict.

Citation Information: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, 20170138, ISSN (Online) 2191-0278, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2017-0138.

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