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International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health

Editor-in-Chief: Merrick, Joav

Editorial Board: Birch, Diana ML / Blum, Robert W. / Greydanus, MD, Dr. HC (Athens), Donald E. / Hardoff, Daniel / Kerr, Mike / Levy, Howard B / Morad, Mohammed / Omar, Hatim A. / de Paul, Joaquin / Rydelius, Per-Anders / Shek, Daniel T.L. / Sher, Leo / Silber, Tomas J. / Towns, Susan / Urkin, Jacob / Verhofstadt-Deneve, Leni / Zeltzer, Lonnie / Tenenbaum, Ariel

CiteScore 2018: 0.79

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Relationship between adaptation and self-esteem in addicted female prisoners in the south east of Iran

Mahya Torkaman / Sakineh Miri
  • Department of Community Health Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran
  • Other articles by this author:
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/ Jamileh Farokhzadian
  • Corresponding author
  • Nursing Research Center, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran
  • Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Haft-Bagh Highway, Kerman, Iran, Phone: +98 9133926178, Fax: +98 34 31325218
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  • Other articles by this author:
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Published Online: 2018-02-12 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2017-0168



Reduction of the adaptation and self-esteem can be the consequence of opium addiction and imprisonment. Drug use causes inappropriate behaviors in women, which are quite different from those in men. Social deviations, prostitution, high-risk sexual behaviors, abortion, divorce and imprisonment followed by loss of self-esteem are the consequences of women’s addiction. The present study was conducted to assess the relationship between adaptation and self-esteem in addicted female prisoners.


In this descriptive analytical study, 130 addicted female prisoners were selected from a prison in the south east of Iran using census sampling. The data were collected by a demographic questionnaire, the Rosenberg’s self-esteem scale and the bell adjustment inventory (BAI).


According to the results, women’s adaptation fell into the ‘very unsatisfactory’ range. The highest mean was related to the emotional dimension, while the lowest mean was in terms of the health dimension. In total, 96.4% of the participating women had low adaptation. The mean total self-esteem fell into the low range; in fact, 84.6% of the women had a low self-esteem. The results showed no significant relationships between adaptation and self-esteem in these women; however, self-esteem was significantly and inversely related to health and emotional adaptation.


The findings showed that the majority of the women had unsatisfactory adaptation as well as poor self-esteem. No significant relationships were observed between adaptation and self-esteem in the addicted female prisoners.

Keywords: adaptation; addict; self-concept; self-esteem; prisoner


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About the article

Received: 2017-09-29

Accepted: 2017-11-24

Published Online: 2018-02-12

Citation Information: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, 20170168, ISSN (Online) 2191-0278, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2017-0168.

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