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International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health

Editor-in-Chief: Merrick, Joav

Editorial Board: Birch, Diana ML / Blum, Robert W. / Greydanus, MD, Dr. HC (Athens), Donald E. / Hardoff, Daniel / Kerr, Mike / Levy, Howard B / Morad, Mohammed / Omar, Hatim A. / de Paul, Joaquin / Rydelius, Per-Anders / Shek, Daniel T.L. / Sher, Leo / Silber, Tomas J. / Towns, Susan / Urkin, Jacob / Verhofstadt-Deneve, Leni / Zeltzer, Lonnie / Tenenbaum, Ariel


CiteScore 2018: 0.79

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.350
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.476

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2191-0278
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Improving the self-efficacy of teachers in schools: results of health promotion program

Jamileh Farokhzadian
  • Nursing Research Center, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran
  • Department of Community Health Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Amirreza Sabzi / Parvin Mangolian Shahrbabaki
  • Corresponding author
  • Nursing Research Center, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran
  • Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2018-06-12 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2017-0170

Abstract

Background

In order to effectively facilitate behavior change, it is essential to conduct health promotion programs on self-efficacy. Given the importance of the role of teachers in fostering the next generation, it appears that the promotion of self-efficacy in them can greatly contribute to the health of the community. The present study aimed to evaluate the impact of a health promotion training workshop on self-efficacy for health practices and also, on general self-efficacy of teachers in schools.

Methods

This study was a quasi-experimental study, in which 120 teachers were selected by random sampling and randomly divided into two equal intervention and control groups (60 in each group). A health promotion training workshop was conducted for the intervention group. Data were collected by a three-section questionnaire (demographic, self-rated ability for health practices scale and general self-efficacy) before and 1 month after the training intervention.

Results

The self-efficacy scores for health practices and general self-efficacy were not significantly different between the intervention and control groups before the intervention (p > 0.05). However, participants in the intervention group reported higher scores on both the self-efficacy for health practices (t = 4.05, p = 0.001) and general self-efficacy (t = 2.92, p = 0.004) compared to those in the control group one month after the intervention.

Conclusion

The health promotion training program had improving effects on the self-efficacy for health practices and general self-efficacy. This program was potentially a valid community health nursing intervention that can be presented and evaluated in various community settings.

Keywords: health practices; health promoting behaviors; self-efficacy; teachers

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About the article

Received: 2017-10-01

Accepted: 2017-11-26

Published Online: 2018-06-12


Funding: This study received no specific grant from any funding agency, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

Competing interest: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.


Citation Information: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, 20170170, ISSN (Online) 2191-0278, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2017-0170.

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