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International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health

Editor-in-Chief: Merrick, Joav

Editorial Board: Birch, Diana ML / Blum, Robert W. / Greydanus, MD, Dr. HC (Athens), Donald E. / Hardoff, Daniel / Kerr, Mike / Levy, Howard B / Morad, Mohammed / Omar, Hatim A. / de Paul, Joaquin / Rydelius, Per-Anders / Shek, Daniel T.L. / Sher, Leo / Silber, Tomas J. / Towns, Susan / Urkin, Jacob / Verhofstadt-Deneve, Leni / Zeltzer, Lonnie / Tenenbaum, Ariel

CiteScore 2018: 0.79

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The effect of educating the clients of rehab centers on the frequency of methadone poisoning among children: a study from Iran

Hakimeh Abdoli
  • Student Research Committee, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran
  • Critical Care Nursing Student, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran
  • Other articles by this author:
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/ Tabandeh Sadeghi
  • Corresponding author
  • Non-Communicable Diseases Research Center, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran
  • Department of Pediatric Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran
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  • Other articles by this author:
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/ Majid Kazemi
  • Non-Communicable Diseases Research Center, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran
  • Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran
  • Other articles by this author:
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Published Online: 2018-10-15 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2017-0189



Poisoning with methadone is considered dangerous and fatal, which can lead to decreased consciousness, coma, apnea and eventually death.


The present study was conducted to evaluate the effect of educating the clients of rehabilitation (rehab) centers on the frequency of methadone poisoning among children.


In the present semi-experimental study, the study population included all of the clients referred to the rehab centers in an urban area of Iran who received treatment with methadone. Samples were selected using the census method. The data gathering tool was a researcher-made questionnaire of which the content validity has been approved. To perform the educational program, educational brochures were distributed among all the rehab centers (33 centers) and one face-to-face educational session was conducted at each center. Six months after the intervention, the number of under 12 year-old children who were referred to hospital with methadone poisoning was calculated and compared to the same number from the 6 months prior to the study. Data were analyzed using SPSS 18.


According to the results, the number of methadone poisonings during the 6-month period prior to the study was 29, while the same number during the 6-month period after the intervention was 9. Fisher’s exact test showed a significant difference between the number of methadone poisonings before and after the intervention (p < 0.001).


The increased level of knowledge among the parents referred to rehab centers could decrease the rate of poisoning among their children. Therefore, performing this educational program is recommended for all the rehab centers.

Keywords: drug rehabilitation; education; methadone; parents; poisoning


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About the article

Received: 2017-10-24

Accepted: 2017-12-03

Published Online: 2018-10-15

Funding: The study was funded by Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences.

Conflict of interest: There is no conflict of interest for each authors.

Citation Information: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, 20170189, ISSN (Online) 2191-0278, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2017-0189.

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