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International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health

Editor-in-Chief: Merrick, Joav

Editorial Board: Birch, Diana ML / Blum, Robert W. / Greydanus, MD, Dr. HC (Athens), Donald E. / Hardoff, Daniel / Kerr, Mike / Levy, Howard B / Morad, Mohammed / Omar, Hatim A. / de Paul, Joaquin / Rydelius, Per-Anders / Shek, Daniel T.L. / Sher, Leo / Silber, Tomas J. / Towns, Susan / Urkin, Jacob / Verhofstadt-Deneve, Leni / Zeltzer, Lonnie / Tenenbaum, Ariel


CiteScore 2018: 0.79

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.350
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.476

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2191-0278
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Gynecological problems among adolescent girls in a tertiary care centre of South Andaman district

Bhabani Pegu
  • Corresponding author
  • Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, ANIIMS Port Blair, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, India, Phone: (+91) 9476007785
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Bhanu Pratap Singh Gaur / Anita Yadav
  • Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, ANIIMS Port Blair, Port Blair, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, India
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Vikas Yadav
Published Online: 2018-08-17 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2017-0193

Abstract

Background

Gynecological problems of adolescents occupy a special space in the spectrum of gynecological disorders because they are often different from the conditions that affect adult women. The objective of study was to determine the different gynecological problems in adolescent girls attending outpatient departments.

Methods

Adolescent girls of age 10–19 years were included in this study. Various gynecological problems were evaluated by detailed history taking and thorough clinical examination. Investigations like haemogram, coagulation profile, hormonal assays and ultrasonography were done wherever indicated. Descriptive analysis was done and results are expressed in terms of percentage.

Results

A total of 824 (8.33%) adolescent girls attended the gynecology outdoor patient department (GOPD) during the study period. Menstrual disorders (67.11%) were the commonest complaint, followed by vaginal discharge (18.68%) and UTI (9.8%). Menstrual disorders varied from irregular menstruation (55.15%), dysmenorrhea (30.74%) and amenorrhea (14.10%). Dysfunctional uterine bleeding was the commonest cause of menstrual irregularity followed by polycystic ovarian disease (PCOD). Teenage pregnancy (0.84%) and ovarian tumor (0.60%) was found in a few cases.

Conclusion

Adolescent girls’ gynecological problems should be evaluated thoroughly and managed accordingly. Adolescent health education needs to increase awareness and give further attention to gynecological problems.

Keywords: adolescent girls; gynecological problem; menstrual disorders

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About the article

Received: 2017-10-30

Accepted: 2017-11-26

Published Online: 2018-08-17


Citation Information: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, 20170193, ISSN (Online) 2191-0278, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2017-0193.

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