Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health

Editor-in-Chief: Merrick, Joav

Editorial Board: Birch, Diana ML / Blum, Robert W. / Greydanus, MD, Dr. HC (Athens), Donald E. / Hardoff, Daniel / Kerr, Mike / Levy, Howard B / Morad, Mohammed / Omar, Hatim A. / de Paul, Joaquin / Rydelius, Per-Anders / Shek, Daniel T.L. / Sher, Leo / Silber, Tomas J. / Towns, Susan / Urkin, Jacob / Verhofstadt-Deneve, Leni / Zeltzer, Lonnie / Tenenbaum, Ariel


CiteScore 2018: 0.79

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.350
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.476

Online
ISSN
2191-0278
See all formats and pricing
More options …
Ahead of print

Issues

Marijuana use among youths in Mississippi, United States

Rasaki Aranmolate
  • Corresponding author
  • Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Jackson State University, Jackson, MS, USA, Phone: +(601) 447-2811
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2018-01-25 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2017-0195

Abstract

Background

Increased use of marijuana among youths in Mississippi, United States is of great concern to Public Health in the 21st century. This study examined the prevalence of marijuana use according to gender, race and ethnicity.

Method

The data for this study was obtained from Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS) for 2015, a cross-sectional survey of the Mississippi High School Students, which examined the prevalence and trends in the use of marijuana according to gender, race and ethnicity. The trends in the percentage of students that reported the use of marijuana and its product was examined by univariate t-test statistical analysis at p < 0.05. The frequency distribution was used to determine the percentage differences in the groups.

Results

The students that ever used marijuana was 39.4% in Blacks, 39.1% in Hispanics and 31.0% in Whites. A total of 13.7% male and female (4.8%) used marijuana before 13 years of age. In addition, the students currently using marijuana include Blacks (10.9%), Hispanic (13.7%) and Whites (7.2%). Approximately 9.7% of students ever used the synthetic product, which was higher in Hispanic (18.7%) when compared to Blacks (8.8%) and Whites (9.1%).

Conclusion

The use of marijuana is significantly higher among the male youth in Mississippi than females, which is a major public health concern. Furthermore, there was higher rates of smoking marijuana in Hispanics and Blacks when compared to White youth.

Keywords: marijuana; Mississippi; prevalence; youths

References

  • [1]

    Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs, 1961: As amended by the 1972 Protocol amending the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs, 1961. Geneva: United Nations; 1972 [cited 2017 May 3]. Available at: https://www.unodc.org/pdf/convention_1961_en.pdf.

  • [2]

    Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (CBHSQ). Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration; 2015. [accessed 20.03.2016]. Results from the 2014 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Detailed Tables.

  • [3]

    Volkow ND, Baler RD, Compton WM, Weiss SR. Adverse health effects of marijuana use. N Engl J Med. 2014;370:2219–27.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [4]

    United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODOC). World Drug Report 2007. (United Nations Publication, Sales No. E. 07.XI.5) Vienna: United Nations; 2007 [cited 2017 May 3]. Available at: https://www.unodc.org/pdf/research/wdr07/WDR_2007.pdf.

  • [5]

    Mehmedic Z, Chandra S, Slade D, Denham H, Foster S, Patel AS, et al. Potency trends of Δ9-THC and other cannabinoids in confiscated cannabis preparations from 1993 to 2008. J Forensic Sci. 2010;55(5):1209–17.Web of SciencePubMedGoogle Scholar

  • [6]

    Greydanus ED, Hawver KE, Greydanus MM, Merrick J. Marijuana: current concepts. Front Public Health. 2013;1:42.PubMedGoogle Scholar

  • [7]

    Age limits and adolescents. Paediatr Child Health. 2003;8(9):577.PubMedGoogle Scholar

  • [8]

    World Health Organization (WHO). Programming for adolescent health and development: report of a WHO/UNFPA/UNICEF Study Group on Programming for Adolescent Health. Geneva: World Health Organization; 1999 [cited 2017 May 3]. Available at: www.who.int/iris/handle/10665/42149.

  • [9]

    Kipping RR, Campbell RM, Mac Arthur GJ, Gunnell DJ, Hickman M. Multiple risk and behavior in adolescence. J Public Health. 2012;34(1):11–2.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [10]

    Fergusson DM, Boden JM, Horwood LJ. Cannabis use and other illicit drug use: testing the cannabis gateway hypothesis. Addiction. 2006;101(4):556–69.CrossrefPubMedGoogle Scholar

  • [11]

    Budney AJ, Roffman R, Stephens RS, Walker D. Marijuana dependence and its treatment. Addict Sci Clin Pract. 2007;4(1):4–16.CrossrefPubMedGoogle Scholar

  • [12]

    Tu WA, Ratner AP, Johnson LJ. Gender differences in the correlates of adolescents cannabis use. Subst Use Misuse. 2008;43(10):1438–63.Web of ScienceCrossrefPubMedGoogle Scholar

  • [13]

    Pinchevsky MG, Arria MA, Caldeira MK, Garnier-Dykstra ML, Vincent BK, O’Grady EK. Marijuana exposure opportunity and initiation during college: parent and peer influences. Prev Sci. 2012;13(1):43–54.Web of SciencePubMedCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [14]

    Tucker SJ, De la Haye K, Kennedy PD, Green DH, Pollard SM. Peer influence on marijuana use in different types of friendships. J Adolesc Health. 2014;54(1):67–73.PubMedWeb of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [15]

    Shannon ML, Havens RJ, Oser C, Crosby R, Carl L. Examining gender differences in substance use and age of first use among rural, Appalachian drug users in Kentucky. Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse. 2011;37(2):98–104.CrossrefWeb of SciencePubMedGoogle Scholar

  • [16]

    World Health Organization (WHO) [homepage on the internet]. WHO; 2017. Management of substance abuse [cited 2017 May 3]. Available at: http://www.who.int/substance_abuse/facts/cannabis/en/.

  • [17]

    Domić A, Tahirović H, Čižek Sajko M, Ðulabić B. Marijuana smoking among school-aged adolescents in the Brčko District of Bosnia and Herzegovina: a crosssectional study. Acta Med Acad. 2017;46(1):16–26.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [18]

    Hibell B, Guttormsson U. A supplement to the 2011 ESPAD Report. Additional data from Bosnia and Herzegovina (Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina), Kosovo (under UNSCR 1244) and the Netherlands. Stockholm: The Swedish Council for Information on Alcohol and Other Drugs; 2013.Google Scholar

  • [19]

    Schepis TS, Desai RA, Cavallo DA, Smith AE, McFetridge A, Liss TB, et al. Gender differences in adolescent marijuana use and associated psychosocial characteristics. J Addict Med. 2011;5(1):65–73.PubMedWeb of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [20]

    Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) BHSIS Series S-75, HHS Publication No. (SMA) 15-4934. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality; 2015. [accessed 03.02.2016]. Treatment Episode Data Set (TEDS): 2003–2013. National Admissions to Substance Abuse Treatment Services.Google Scholar

  • [21]

    King AK, Vidourek AR, Hoffman RA. Sex and grade level differences in marijuana use among youth. J Drug Educ. 2012;42(3):361–77.Web of ScienceCrossrefPubMedGoogle Scholar

  • [22]

    Palamar JJ, Ompad DC, Petkova E. Correlates of intentions to use cannabis among US high school seniors in the case of cannabis legalization. Int J Drug Policy. 2014;25(3):424–35.Web of SciencePubMedCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [23]

    Wu L-T, Zhu H, Swartz MS. Trends in cannabis use disorders among racial/ethnic population groups in the United States. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2016;165:181–190 .CrossrefPubMedWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • [24]

    Colby SL, Ortman JM. Projections of the Size and Composition of the U.S. Population: 2014 to 2060, Current Population Reports, P25-1143. Washington, DC: U.S. Census Bureau, 2015. [accessed 02.10.2016].Google Scholar

  • [25]

    Lipperman-Kreda S, Juliet PL, Morrison C, Bridget F. Availability of tobacco products associated with use of marijuana cigars (blunts). Drug Alcohol Depend. 2014;134:337–42.CrossrefPubMedWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • [26]

    Fairman BJ. Cannabis problem experiences among users of the tobacco-cannabis combination known as blunts. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2015;150:77–84.CrossrefWeb of SciencePubMedGoogle Scholar

  • [27]

    Hemovich V, Crano WD. Family structure and adolescent drug use: an exploration of single- parent families. Subst Use Misuse. 2009;44(14):2099–113.CrossrefPubMedWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

About the article

Received: 2017-11-03

Accepted: 2017-11-24

Published Online: 2018-01-25


Citation Information: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, 20170195, ISSN (Online) 2191-0278, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2017-0195.

Export Citation

©2018 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston.Get Permission

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in