Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health

Editor-in-Chief: Merrick, Joav

Editorial Board: Birch, Diana ML / Blum, Robert W. / Greydanus, MD, Dr. HC (Athens), Donald E. / Hardoff, Daniel / Kerr, Mike / Levy, Howard B / Morad, Mohammed / Omar, Hatim A. / de Paul, Joaquin / Rydelius, Per-Anders / Shek, Daniel T.L. / Sher, Leo / Silber, Tomas J. / Towns, Susan / Urkin, Jacob / Verhofstadt-Deneve, Leni / Zeltzer, Lonnie / Tenenbaum, Ariel

CiteScore 2018: 0.79

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.350
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.476

See all formats and pricing
More options …
Ahead of print


The effectiveness of group hope therapy on the mental health of type II diabetic patients referred to the diabetes clinic in South East Iran

Batool Pouraboli
  • School of Nursing and Midwifery, Department of Pediatric and Neonatal Nursing, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Tayebeh Ilaghi / Abazari Faroukh
  • Corresponding author
  • Department of Community Health, Nursing and Midwifery School of Razi, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Haft Bagh ALavi Highway, Kerman, Iran, Phone: +98 31215219-20, Fax: +98 31215218
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Majid Kazemi
Published Online: 2018-09-06 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2017-0199



Diabetes is a common disease that, besides affecting the physical health, also affects the mental health of patients. Therefore, promoting mental health along with drug therapy seems essential. The purpose of this study was to find the effectiveness of group hope therapy on the mental health of type II diabetic patients who were referred to the diabetes clinic of Imam Reza Hospital in Sirjan City.

Materials and methods

This was a semi-experimental study. The statistical population consisted of type II diabetic patients referred to a diabetes clinic in southeastern Iran. Forty subjects were selected according to the goals of study and inclusion criteria and were assigned into intervention and control groups. The intervention group received group hope therapy in eight sessions. The instrument was General Health Questionnaire (GHQ) and was completed by both groups before and after intervention. Data were analyzed using independent t-tests and paired t-tests.


The results showed that the mental health after the group hope therapy significantly increased in the study group compared to the control group (p = 0.02).


The results showed that the mental health of diabetic patients is more favorable using group hope therapy. This method can be used in diabetic patients.

Keywords: general health; group hope therapy; Iran; mental health; type II diabetes


  • [1]

    Shirinzadeh MS, Shakerhosseini R. Nutritional value assessment and adequacy of dietary intake in type 2 diabetic patients. Iran J Endocrnol Metabol. 2009;11(1):25–32.Google Scholar

  • [2]

    Fasanmade O, Odeniyi I, Ogbera A. Diabetic ketoacidosis: diagnosis and management. Afr J Med Med Sci. 2008;37(2):99–105.PubMedGoogle Scholar

  • [3]

    Behdani S, Dastjerdi R, Sharifzadeh G. Relationship between trust in god and self efficacy with mental health in type II diabetics. J Birjand Univ Med Sci. 2012;19(3):9.Google Scholar

  • [4]

    Mahmoudi A. Effects of self care planning on reduction of A1C hemoglobin in adults with diabetes mellitus. Med Sci J Islamic Azad Univ-Tehran Medical Branch. 2006;16(3):171–6.Google Scholar

  • [5]

    Shirinzadeh M, Shakerhosseini R. Nutritional value assessment and adequacy of dietary intake in type 2 diabetic patients. Iran J Endocrinol Metabol. 2009;11(1):25–32.Google Scholar

  • [6]

    Koopmanschap M. Coping with type II diabetes: the patient’s perspective. Diabetologia. 2002;45(7):S18–22.PubMedGoogle Scholar

  • [7]

    Das-Munshi J, Stewart R, Ismail K, Bebbington PE, Jenkins R, Prince MJ. Diabetes, common mental disorders, and disability: findings from the UK National Psychiatric Morbidity Survey. Psychosom Med. 2007;69(6):543–50.PubMedCrossrefWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • [8]

    Alireza S, Bakhshani N-M, Baghban-Haghighi M, Samadi R, Lashkaripoor K, Safarzai M. Prevalence of psychiatric disorders in patients with diabetes type 2. Zahedan J Res Med Sci. 2012;14(1):82–5.Google Scholar

  • [9]

    McClement SE, Chochinov HM. Hope in advanced cancer patients. Eur J Cancer. 2008;44(8):1169–74.Web of ScienceCrossrefPubMedGoogle Scholar

  • [10]

    Agha-Bagheri H, Mohammad-Khani P, Emrani S, Farahmand V. The efficacy of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy group on the increase of subjective well-being and hope in patients with multiple sclerosis. J Clin Psycol. 2012;4(1):23–31.Google Scholar

  • [11]

    Kar A. Positive psychology: science of happiness and human’s capabilities. Translated by: Pasha Sharifi. Tehran: Sokhan; 2008.Google Scholar

  • [12]

    Alaedini Z, Kajbaf MB. Efficacy of a group therapy hope on hope and mental health. Res Mental Health. 2007;1(4):67–76.Google Scholar

  • [13]

    Namdari K, Molavi H, Malekpour M, Kalantari M. Hope enhancing training effectiveness on behavioral abilities in patients with dysthymic. J Univ Med Sci. 2012;13(2):52–60.Google Scholar

  • [14]

    Bailey TC, Snyder C. Satisfaction with life and hope: a look at age and marital status. Psychol Rec. 2010;57(2):5.Google Scholar

  • [15]

    Ko JM, Lee JK. Effects of a coaching program on comprehensive lifestyle modification for women with gestational diabetes mellitus. J Kor Acad Nurs. 2014;44(6):672–81.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [16]

    Movahhed FS, Ghalechi ER, editors. On the relationship between coping strategies and mental health of diabetic patients. European Psychiatry; 2012.Google Scholar

  • [17]

    y Pena ME, Barrera VH, Cordero XF, de Miguel AG, Pérez MR, Lopez-de Andres A, et al. Self-perception of health status, mental health and quality of life among adults with diabetes residing in a metropolitan area. Diabetes Metabol. 2010;36(4):305–11.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [18]

    Sajjadi SA, Bakhshani N, Lashkaripoor K, Baghban-Haghighi M, Samadi R, Safarzai M. Prevalence of psychiatric disorders in patients with diabetes type II. Zahedan J Res Med Sci. 2012;14(1):5.Google Scholar

  • [19]

    Larijani B, Zahedi F. Epidmiology of diabetes mellitus in Iran. Iran J Diabetes Lipid Ddisord. 2001;1(1):1–8.Google Scholar

  • [20]

    ghasemali K, Naser S. Effect of shem therapy on happiness and mental health in patients with type II diabetes. J Nurs Diabetes. 2014;3(1):6–13.Google Scholar

  • [21]

    Palahang H, Nasr M, Shahmohammadi D. Epidemiology of mental illnesses in Kashan city. Iran J Psychiatr Clin Psychol. 1996;2(4):19–27.Google Scholar

  • [22]

    Ghamari F, Mohammadbeigi A, Mohammadsalehi N. The association between mental health and demographic factors with educational success in the students of Arak Universities. JBUMS. 2010;12(Suppl):118–24.Google Scholar

  • [23]

    Noorbala A, Yazdi SB, Yasamy M, Mohammad K. Mental health survey of the adult population in Iran. Br J Psychiatr. 2004;184(1):70–3.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [24]

    Sotodeh-Asl N, Neshat-Dust H, Kalantari M, Talebi H, Khosravi A. Comparison of effectiveness of two methods of hope therapy and drug therapy on the quality of life in the patients with essential hypertension. J Clin Psychol. 2010;1(5):27–34.Google Scholar

  • [25]

    Ghazavi Z, Khaledi-Sardashti F, Kajbaf MB, Esmaielzadeh M. Effect of hope therapy on the hope of diabetic patients. Iran J Nurs Midwifery Res. 2015;20(1):75.PubMedGoogle Scholar

  • [26]

    Abedini A, sharif BT. The effect of treatment effectiveness hope-based on hope and depression in women with MS patients. J Pract Psychol. 2016;8(2):1–11.Google Scholar

  • [27]

    Salimi T, Tavangar H, Shokripour S, Ashrafi H. The effect of spiritual self-care group therapy on life expectancy in patients with coronary artery disease. J Rafsanjan Univ Med Sci. 2017;15(10):917–28.Google Scholar

  • [28]

    Hall S, Goddard C, Opio D, Speck PW, Martin P, Higginson IJ. A novel approach to enhancing hope in patients with advanced cancer: a randomised phase II trial of dignity therapy. BMJ Support Palliat Care. 2011;1:315–21.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

About the article

Received: 2017-11-08

Accepted: 2017-12-10

Published Online: 2018-09-06

Conflict of interest statement: Authors had no financial interests related to the material in the manuscript.

Citation Information: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, 20170199, ISSN (Online) 2191-0278, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2017-0199.

Export Citation

©2018 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston.Get Permission

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in