Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health

Editor-in-Chief: Merrick, Joav

Editorial Board: Birch, Diana ML / Blum, Robert W. / Greydanus, MD, Dr. HC (Athens), Donald E. / Hardoff, Daniel / Kerr, Mike / Levy, Howard B / Morad, Mohammed / Omar, Hatim A. / de Paul, Joaquin / Rydelius, Per-Anders / Shek, Daniel T.L. / Sher, Leo / Silber, Tomas J. / Towns, Susan / Urkin, Jacob / Verhofstadt-Deneve, Leni / Zeltzer, Lonnie / Tenenbaum, Ariel

CiteScore 2018: 0.79

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.350
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.476

See all formats and pricing
More options …
Ahead of print


Health promoting behaviors of staff in a university of medical sciences in southeast of Iran

Jamileh Farokhzadian / Golnaz Forughameri
  • Department of Community Health Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Maryam Mohseny
  • Corresponding author
  • Department of Bronchoscopy, Afzalipour Hospital, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2018-07-03 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2017-0208



Health promoting behaviors are appropriate indicators to determine individuals’ health status. The staff of a health care system plays an important role in enhancing health promoting behaviors in society; therefore, the present study is aimed to evaluate health promoting behaviors of the staff in a university of medical sciences.


A descriptive study was conducted on 140 staff of the Kerman University of Medical Sciences in the southeast of Iran. Data were collected using the Persian version of the Health Promotion Lifestyle Profile-II questionnaire with six dimensions of spiritual growth, health responsibility, interpersonal relationships, stress management, exercise and physical activity and nutrition habits. The data were analyzed using SPSS (version 18), descriptive statistics, Student’s t-test and analysis of variance (ANOVA).


The mean of health promoting behaviors of the staff was at the moderate level (2.22 ± 0.10). The highest and lowest means were related to the dimensions of nutrition habits (2.75 ± 0.29) and exercise and physical activity (1.70 ± 0.24), respectively. There was a significant difference in the scores of health promotion behaviors based on age, so that the health promoting behaviors in the age group younger than 40 years old were higher than that in other age groups (p = 0.04).


Some health promoting behaviors such as exercise and physical activity have not been appropriately merged into daily life. It is recommended to provide educational programs for all aspects of health promoting behaviors of the staff’s health in order to promote productivity.

Keywords: health behaviors; health-promoting lifestyle; personnel


  • [1]

    Pirincci E, Rahman S, Durmuş A, Erdem R. Factors affecting health-promoting behaviours in academic staff. Public Health. 2008;122(11):1261–3.Web of SciencePubMedCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [2]

    Amini K, Sheykhiani M, Fakouri Z. Coping skills with mental health of women’s teachers. Sociology of Women (Journal of Woman and Society). 2011;2(6):103–127.Google Scholar

  • [3]

    Anderson KJ, Pullen CH. Physical activity with spiritual strategies intervention: a cluster randomized trial with older African American women. Res Gerontol Nurs. 2013;6(1):11–21.Web of ScienceCrossrefPubMedGoogle Scholar

  • [4]

    Alpar ŞE, Şenturan L, Karabacak Ü, Sabuncu N. Change in the health promoting lifestyle behaviour of Turkish university nursing students from beginning to end of nurse training. Nurse Educ Pract. 2008;8(6):382–8.CrossrefPubMedGoogle Scholar

  • [5]

    Hosseini M, Ashktorab T, Taghdisi M. Health promotion lifestyle in nursing students: a systematic review. J Health Promot Manage. 2013;2(1):66–79.Google Scholar

  • [6]

    Mo PK, Winnie WM. The influence of health promoting practices on the quality of life of community adults in Hong Kong. Soc Indic Res. 2010;95(3):503–17.CrossrefWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • [7]

    Asgari F, Aghajani H, Haghazal M. Non-communicable diseases risk factors surveillance in Iran. Iran J Public Health. 2009;38(1):119–22.Google Scholar

  • [8]

    Raeisi M, Javadzade H, Mostafavi F, Tavassoli E, Sharifirad G. The relationship between functional health literacy and health promoting behaviors among older adults. Journal of Education and Health Promotion. 2014;3(1):119.PubMedCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [9]

    Gopalakrishnan S, Ganeshkumar P, Prakash M, Amalraj V. Prevalence of overweight/obesity among the medical students, Malaysia. Med J Malaysia. 2012;67(4):442–4.PubMedGoogle Scholar

  • [10]

    Yarahmadi S, Etemad K, Hazaveh AM, Azhang N. Urbanization and non-communicable risk factors in the capital city of 6 big provinces of Iran. Iran J Public Health. 2013;42(Suppl 1):113.PubMedGoogle Scholar

  • [11]

    Organization WH. Health education: theoretical concepts, effective strategies and core competencies: a foundation document to guide capacity development of health educators. Cairo: Regional Office for the Eastern Mediterranean; 2012.Google Scholar

  • [12]

    Hou S-I. Health education theoretical concepts, effective strategies and core competencies. Health Promot Pract. 2014;15(5):619–21.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [13]

    Duperly J, Lobelo F, Segura C, Sarmiento F, Herrera D, Sarmiento OL, et al. The association between Colombian medical students’ healthy personal habits and a positive attitude toward preventive counseling: cross-sectional analyses. BMC Public Health. 2009;9(1):1.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • [14]

    Geok SK, Yusof A, Lam SK, Japar S, Leong OS, Fauzee MS. Physical activity and health-promoting lifestyle of student nurses in Malaysia. J Biosci Med. 2015;3(3):78.Google Scholar

  • [15]

    Fox MC. Social support, health behaviors, and academic success in college students. Master’s Thesis. East Carolina University, 2011. The Scholarship. http://hdl.handle.net/10342/3533. June 11, 2018.

  • [16]

    Khazaie T, Khazaie T, Kianfar S. Health-promoting behavior factors among students of Birjand University of Medical Sciences. Iran J Health Educ Health Promot. 2015;3(2):125–32.Google Scholar

  • [17]

    Motlagh Z, Mazloomy-Mahmoodabad S, Momayyezi M. Study of health-promotion behaviors among university of medical science students. Zahedan J Res Med Sci. 2011;13(4):29–34.Google Scholar

  • [18]

    Irazusta A, Gil S, Ruiz F, Gondra J, Jauregi A, Irazusta J, et al. Exercise, physical fitness, and dietary habits of first-year female nursing students. Biol Res Nurs. 2006;7(3):175–86.CrossrefPubMedGoogle Scholar

  • [19]

    Lobelo F, Duperly J, Frank E. Physical activity habits of doctors and medical students influence their counselling practices. Br J Sports Med. 2009;43(2):89–92.PubMedWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • [20]

    Abdi J, Eftekhar H, Mahmoodi M, Shojaeizade D, Sadeghi R. Lifestyle of the employees working in Hamadan public sectors: application of the trans-theoretical model. Iran Red Crescent Med J. 2015;17(2):e25269.PubMedWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • [21]

    Walker S, Sechrist KR, Pender NJ. Health-Promoting Lifestyle Profile: development and psychometric characteristics. Nurs Res. 1987;36(2):76–81.PubMedGoogle Scholar

  • [22]

    Mohammadi Zeidi I, Pakpour Hajiagha A, Zeidi BM. Reliability and validity of Persian version of the health-promoting lifestyle profile. J Mazandaran Univ Med Sci. 2012;22:102–13.Google Scholar

  • [23]

    Salari N, Farokhzadian J, Abazari F. Comparing health promotion behaviors of male and female high school students in Southeast of Iran. Int J Adolesc Med Health. 2017. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29168969.PubMed

  • [24]

    Zhang S-C, Tao F-B, Ueda A, Wei C-N, Fang J. The influence of health-promoting lifestyles on the quality of life of retired workers in a medium-sized city of Northeastern China. Environ Health Prev Med. 2013;18(6):458–65.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [25]

    Weaver RG, Beets MW, Webster C, Huberty J. System for observing staff promotion of activity and nutrition (SOSPAN). J Phys Act Health. 2014;11(1):173–85.CrossrefPubMedWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • [26]

    Lee RL, Loke AJ. Health-promoting behaviors and psychosocial well-being of university students in Hong Kong. Public Health Nurs. 2005;22(3):209–20.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [27]

    Huang S-L, Li R-H, Tang F-C. Comparing disparities in the health-promoting lifestyles of Taiwanese workers in various occupations. Ind Health. 2010;48(3):256–64.PubMedWeb of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [28]

    Hosseinnejad M, Kalantarzadeh M. Lifestyle among students of Islamic Azad University, Kerman Branch based on the Pender’s health promotion model. J Health Educ Health Promot. 2012;1(4):15–28.Google Scholar

  • [29]

    Pour vakhshoori N, Pasha A, Ghanbari A, Atrkar Roshan Z. Relationship between self-efficacy and health behaviors of faculty members of Guilan University of Medical Science. Iran J Nurs. 2011;24(70):39–48.Google Scholar

  • [30]

    Tehrani H, Taghdisi MH. Community action: a strategy for health promotion. Iran J Health Educ Health Promot. 2015;2(4):255–9.Google Scholar

  • [31]

    Tavassol E, Reisi M, Gharlipour Z, Javadzade S, Gilasi H. The effect of the health belief model-based education and improvement of consumption of fruits and vegetables: an interventional study. J Health Filed. 2013;1(13):29–35.Google Scholar

  • [32]

    Mansoorian M, Qorbani M, Shafieyan N, Asayesh H, Shafieyan Z, Maghsodloo D. Association between life style and hypertension in rural population of Gorgan. J Health Promot Manage. 2012;1(2):23–8.Google Scholar

  • [33]

    Baghianimoghadam M, Ehrampoush M, Ardian N, Soltani T. A research about health promoting activities (lifestyle) at employees. Occup Med Q J. 2013;5(3):79–87.Google Scholar

  • [34]

    Wei C-N, Harada K, Ueda K, Fukumoto K, Minamoto K, Ueda A. Assessment of health-promoting lifestyle profile in Japanese university students. Environ Health Prev Med. 2012;17(3):222–7.PubMedCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [35]

    El Ansari W, Stock C, John J, Deeny P, Phillips C, Snelgrove S, et al. Health promoting behaviours and lifestyle characteristics of students at seven universities in the UK. Cent Eur J Public Health. 2011;19(4):197.PubMedGoogle Scholar

  • [36]

    Nasrabadi T, Goodarzi Zadeh N, Shahrjerdi A, Hamta A. The effect of education on life style among patients suffering from ischemic heart disease. Mazandaran Univ Med Sci. 2010;20(79):72–9.Google Scholar

  • [37]

    Kamrani Rad Z, Attarian F. Health-promoting lifestyle among Mashhad School of Health Students, Mashhad, Iran, 2014. J Midwifery Reprod Health. 2014;2(3):195–204.Google Scholar

About the article

Received: 2017-12-05

Accepted: 2018-01-09

Published Online: 2018-07-03

Conflict of interest and funding: The authors report no conflicts of interest in this work. This study received no specific grant from any funding agency, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

Citation Information: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, 20170208, ISSN (Online) 2191-0278, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2017-0208.

Export Citation

©2018 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston.Get Permission

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in