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International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health

Editor-in-Chief: Merrick, Joav

Editorial Board: Birch, Diana ML / Blum, Robert W. / Greydanus, MD, Dr. HC (Athens), Donald E. / Hardoff, Daniel / Kerr, Mike / Levy, Howard B / Morad, Mohammed / Omar, Hatim A. / de Paul, Joaquin / Rydelius, Per-Anders / Shek, Daniel T.L. / Sher, Leo / Silber, Tomas J. / Towns, Susan / Urkin, Jacob / Verhofstadt-Deneve, Leni / Zeltzer, Lonnie / Tenenbaum, Ariel


CiteScore 2018: 0.79

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.350
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.476

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2191-0278
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An examination of eating disorder education and experience in a 1-month adolescent medicine rotation: what is sufficient to foster adequate self-efficacy?

Tracie L. Pasold
  • Corresponding author
  • Marywood University, 2300 Adams Avenue, Scranton, PA 18509, USA, Phone: +570-348-6211, Ext: 2265; Fax: +570-340-6040
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Jennifer L. Woods
  • Department of Pediatrics, Children’s Hospital Colorado, Aurora Anschutz Outpatient Pavilion, Aurora, CO, USA
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Maria G. Portilla
  • Eating Disorder Clinic, Department Student Health, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, USA
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ James D. Nesmith
  • Department of Pediatrics, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Arkansas Children’s Hospital, Little Rock, AR, USA
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Beatrice A. Boateng
  • Office of Education and Evaluation, Department of Pediatrics, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, AR, USA
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2018-06-28 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2017-0212

Abstract

Objective

Medical students and professionals report receiving limited education/training related to treating eating disorders. Because medical professionals are the point of initial contact for these patients and are involved necessarily in their treatment, sufficient knowledge on identification and intervention are imperative. This research set out to examine the impact of the eating disorder education and experience offered through a 1-month Adolescent Medicine rotation at a medical university on medical student/resident self-efficacy.

Methods

The 1-month rotation includes a standardized patient (SP) simulation, 1.5 h of didactic education, and 1 day observing the MD, nutritionist and psychologist within the outpatient Multidisciplinary Child/Adolescent Eating Disorders Clinic. All residents’ (n = 132) eating disorder self-efficacy was assessed before (PRE) completing simulation and didactic session and again at the end of the 1-month rotation (END). Self-efficacy was also assessed after simulation and before the didactic session for group 1 (n = 92) and after simulation and didactic session for group 2 (n = 40).

Results

For group 1, self-efficacy was not significantly impacted PRE to POST. For group 2, self-efficacy significantly improved PRE to POST. POST to END changes were significant for both groups; however, group 2 scored significantly better across all self-efficacy areas at END.

Conclusion

Resident training in eating disorders requires more than is offered in many residency programs. SP simulation is strengthened as an effective training tool in assessing and promoting resident self-efficacy if it is followed by didactic education. Clinical observation and extended practice that includes ongoing guidance/feedback on performance is recommended in fostering self-efficacy.

Keywords: eating disorders; medical residents; self-efficacy; standardized patient simulation

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About the article

Received: 2017-12-10

Accepted: 2018-05-25

Published Online: 2018-06-28


Citation Information: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, 20170212, ISSN (Online) 2191-0278, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2017-0212.

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