Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health

Editor-in-Chief: Merrick, Joav

Editorial Board: Birch, Diana ML / Blum, Robert W. / Greydanus, MD, Dr. HC (Athens), Donald E. / Hardoff, Daniel / Kerr, Mike / Levy, Howard B / Morad, Mohammed / Omar, Hatim A. / de Paul, Joaquin / Rydelius, Per-Anders / Shek, Daniel T.L. / Sher, Leo / Silber, Tomas J. / Towns, Susan / Urkin, Jacob / Verhofstadt-Deneve, Leni / Zeltzer, Lonnie / Tenenbaum, Ariel


CiteScore 2018: 0.79

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.350
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.476

Online
ISSN
2191-0278
See all formats and pricing
More options …
Ahead of print

Issues

One-year changes in physical activity and sedentary behavior among adolescents: the Croatian Physical Activity in Adolescence Longitudinal Study (CRO-PALS)

Lovro Štefan
  • Corresponding author
  • Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Zagreb, Horvaćanski zavoj 15, Zagreb 10 000, Croatia, Phone: 00385-0989177060
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Maroje Sorić
  • Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia
  • Faculty of Sport, University of Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenia
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Antonela Devrnja / Vilko Petrić / Marjeta Mišigoj-Duraković
Published Online: 2018-06-08 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2017-0223

Abstract

Background

Little is known about the concurrent change in physical activity (PA), sedentary behavior (SB) and sport participation (SP) during adolescence. The main purpose of this prospective and partly objective study was to simultaneously investigate PA, SBs and SP changes between the 1st and 2nd grades of high school in urban adolescents.

Methods

In this 1-year follow-up study, the participants were 81 secondary-school students (28 boys and 53 girls) aged 15.5 years at the baseline. PA was assessed with the SenseWear Armband multi-sensor activity monitor, while SBs were assessed by using School Health Action, Planning and Evaluation System (SHAPES) PA questionnaire. The SHAPES questionnaire was supplemented with two questions inquiring about SP in organized sports in school and outside of school.

Results

PA decreased markedly in both genders between the 1st and 2nd grades of high school. Total energy expenditure (TEE) was reduced by 13 kcal/kg/day on average in boys and by 10 kcal/kg/day in girls (p for both <0.001), while mean daily active energy expenditure (AEE) decreased by 7 kcal/kg/day (p < 0.001) and 3 kcal/kg/day (p = 0.04) in boys and girls, respectively. Similarly, the amount of moderate PA declined by 49 min/day in boys and 21 min/day in girls (p for both <0.001). At the same time vigorous PA was cut by 14 min/day (p < 0.001) and 3 min/day (p = 0.003) in boys and girls, respectively. Conversely, time spent in SBs did not show any change.

Conclusion

In conclusion, a decline in PA between the 1st and 2nd grades of high school was marked but was not accompanied with an increase in SBs. Policies aimed at increasing PA should be targeting the period of entering secondary school to offset the observed drop in PA.

Keywords: exercise; lifestyle habits; screen time; secondary school; students

References

  • [1]

    World Health Organization. Global recommendations on physical activity for health. Geneva, Switzerland: WHO Press; 2010.Google Scholar

  • [2]

    Warburton DE, Nicol CW, Bredin SS. Health benefits of physical activity. Can Med Assoc J. 2006;174:801–9.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [3]

    Hallal PC, Victora CG, Azevedo MR, Wells JC. Adolescent physical activity and health: a systematic review. Sports Med. 2006;36:1019–30.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [4]

    Craggs C, Corder K, van Sluijs EM, Griffin SJ. Determinants of change in physical activity in children and adolescents: a systematic review. Am J Prev Med. 2011;40:645–58.PubMedCrossrefWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • [5]

    Van Dijk ML, Savelberg HH, Verboon P, Kirschner PA, De Groot RH. Decline in physical activity during adolescence is not associated with changes in mental health. BMC Public Health. 2016;16:300.PubMedWeb of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [6]

    Harding SK, Page AS, Falconer C, Cooper AR. Longitudinal changes in sedentary time and physical activity during adolescence. Int J Behav Nutr Phy Act. 2015;12:44.Web of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [7]

    Sagatun A, Kolle E, Anderssen SA, Thoresen M, Sogaard AJ. Three-year follow-up of physical activity in Norwegian youth from two ethnic groups: associations with socio-demographic factors. BMC Public Health. 2008;8:419.CrossrefWeb of SciencePubMedGoogle Scholar

  • [8]

    Nelson MC, Neumark-Stzainer D, Hannan PJ, Sirard JR, Story M. Longitudinal and secular trends in physical activity and sedentary behavior during adolescence. Pediatrics. 2006;118:1627–34.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [9]

    Kimm SY, Glynn NW, Kriska AM, Barton BA, Kronsberg SS, et al. Decline in physical activity in black girls and white girls during adolescence. N Engl J Med. 2002;347:709–15.CrossrefPubMedGoogle Scholar

  • [10]

    Dovey SM, Reeder AI, Chalmers DJ. Continuity and change in sporting and leisure time physical activities during adolescence. Br J Sport Med. 1998;32:53–7.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [11]

    Dumith SC, Gigante DP, Dominques MR, Kohl 3rd HW. Physical activity change during adolescence: a systematic review and a pooled analysis. In J Epidemiol. 2011;40:685–98.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • [12]

    Jurakić D, Pedišić Ž. Prevalence of insufficient physical activity in children and adolescents: review. Paediatria Croatica. 2012;56:321–6.Google Scholar

  • [13]

    Zimmermann-Sloutskis D, Wanner M, Zimmermann E, Martin BW. Physical activity levels and determinants of change in young adults: a longitudinal panel study. Int J Behav Nutr Phy. 2010;7:2.CrossrefWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • [14]

    Tremblay MS, LeBlanc AG, Kho ME, Saunders TJ, Larouche R, et al. Systematic review of sedentary behaviour and health indicators in school-aged children and youth. Int J Behav Nutr Phy. 2011;8:98.CrossrefWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • [15]

    Katzmarzyk PT. Physical activity, sedentary behavior, and health: paradigm paralysis or paradigm shift? Diabetes. 2010;59:2717–25.CrossrefPubMedWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • [16]

    Nguyen HH, Trang MD, Hong TK, van der Ploeg HP, Hardy LL, et al. Longitudinal sedentary behavior changes in adolescents in Ho Chi Minh City. Am J Prev Med. 2013;44:223–30.CrossrefWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • [17]

    Štefan L, Sorić M, Devrnja A, Podnar H, Mišigoj-Duraković M. Is school type associated with objectively measured physical activity in 15-year-olds? Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2017;14:1417.Web of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [18]

    Ruiz JR, Ramirez-Lechuga J, Ortega FB, Castro-Piñero J, Benitez JM, et al. Artificial neural network-based equation for estimating VO2max from the 20 m shuttle run test in adolescents. Artif Intell Med. 2008;44:233–45.CrossrefWeb of SciencePubMedGoogle Scholar

  • [19]

    Calabro MA, Stewart JM, Welk GJ. Validation of pattern recognition monitors in children using doubly labeled water. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2013;45:1313–22.CrossrefWeb of SciencePubMedGoogle Scholar

  • [20]

    Trost SG, Pate RR, Freedson PS, Sallis JF, Taylor WC. Using objective physical activity measures with youth: how many days of monitoring are needed? Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2000;32:426–31.PubMedCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [21]

    Ridley K, Ainsworth BE, Olds TS. Development of a compendium of energy expenditure for youth. Int J Behav Nutr Phy. 2008;5:45.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [22]

    Wong SL, Leatherdale ST, Manske SR. Reliability and validity of a school-based physical activity questionnaire. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2006;38:1593–600.PubMedCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [23]

    Lohman TG, Roche AF, Martorell R, editors. Anthropometric standardization reference manual. Champaign: Human Kinetics; 1991.Google Scholar

  • [24]

    Mirwald RL, Baxter-Jones AD, Bailey DA, Beunen GP. An assessment of maturity from anthropometric measurements. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2002;34:689–94.PubMedGoogle Scholar

  • [25]

    Meteorological and Hydrological Service; [cited 2017 Dec 10]. Available at: http://meteo.hr/index_en.php.

  • [26]

    Gordon-Larsen P, Nelson MC, Popkin BM. Longitudinal physical activity and sedentary behavior trends: adolescence to adulthood. Am J Prev Med. 2004;27:277–83.PubMedGoogle Scholar

  • [27]

    Nigg CR. Explaining adolescent exercise behavior change: a longitudinal application of the transtheoretical model. Ann Behav Med. 2001;23:11–20.PubMedCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [28]

    Eime RM, Harvey JT, Sawyer NA, Craike MJ, Symons CM, et al. Changes in sport and physical activity participation for adolescent females: a longitudinal study. BMC Public Health. 2016;16:533.Web of ScienceCrossrefPubMedGoogle Scholar

  • [29]

    Rauner A, Jekauc D, Mess F, Schmidt S, Woll A. Tracking physical activity in different settings from late childhood to early adulthood in Germany: the MoMo longitudinal study. BMC Public Health. 2015;15:391.CrossrefWeb of SciencePubMedGoogle Scholar

  • [30]

    Shepard RJ. Limits to the measurement of habitual physical activity by questionnaires. Br J Sports Med. 2003;37:197–206.CrossrefPubMedGoogle Scholar

  • [31]

    Atkin AJ, Gorely T, Clemes SA, Yates T, Edwardson C, et al. Methods of measurement in epidemiology: sedentary behaviour. Int J Epidemiol. 2012;41:1460–71.CrossrefWeb of SciencePubMedGoogle Scholar

  • [32]

    Lubans DR, Hesketh K, Cliff DP, Barnett LM, Salmon J, et al. A systematic review of the validity and reliability of sedentary behaviour measures used with children and adolescents. Obes Rev. 2011;12:781–99.PubMedWeb of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar

About the article

Received: 2017-12-22

Accepted: 2018-01-21

Published Online: 2018-06-08


Author contributions: Author Contributions: Marjeta Mišigoj-Duraković and Maroje Sorić conceived and designed the study. All authors were involved in data collection. Lovro Štefan conducted data analysis. Lovro Štefan and Maroje Sorić prepared the first draft of the paper. Antonela Devrnja, Vilko Petrić and Marjeta Mišigoj-Duraković commented the draft of the paper. All authors approved the final version of the paper.

Conflict of interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.


Citation Information: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, 20170223, ISSN (Online) 2191-0278, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2017-0223.

Export Citation

©2018 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston.Get Permission

Citing Articles

Here you can find all Crossref-listed publications in which this article is cited. If you would like to receive automatic email messages as soon as this article is cited in other publications, simply activate the “Citation Alert” on the top of this page.

[1]
Martin Zvonar, Lovro Štefan, and Mario Kasović
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 2019, Volume 16, Number 11, Page 1920

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in