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International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health

Editor-in-Chief: Merrick, Joav

Editorial Board: Birch, Diana ML / Blum, Robert W. / Greydanus, MD, Dr. HC (Athens), Donald E. / Hardoff, Daniel / Kerr, Mike / Levy, Howard B / Morad, Mohammed / Omar, Hatim A. / de Paul, Joaquin / Rydelius, Per-Anders / Shek, Daniel T.L. / Sher, Leo / Silber, Tomas J. / Towns, Susan / Urkin, Jacob / Verhofstadt-Deneve, Leni / Zeltzer, Lonnie / Tenenbaum, Ariel

CiteScore 2018: 0.79

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.350
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.476

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The associations between sleep duration and sleep quality with self-rated health in young adults: a population-based study

Lovro Štefan
  • Corresponding author
  • Faculty of Kinesiology, Department of General and Applied Kinesiology, University of Zagreb, Horvaćanski zavoj 15, 10 000 Zagreb, Croatia, Phone: 0385-09891-77-060
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Goran Sporiš
  • Faculty of Kinesiology, Department of General and Applied Kinesiology, University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Tomislav Krističević
  • Faculty of Kinesiology, Department of Sports Kinesiology, University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2018-10-20 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2018-0007



The main purpose of the present study was to explore significant associations between sleep duration and sleep quality with poor self-rated health.


Subjects were 2100 university students (49.6% of women), aged 18–24 years. The associations between sleep duration and sleep quality with self-rated health were examined by using structured questionnaires.


After adjusting for sex, body mass index (BMI), socio-economic status, smoking status, alcohol consumption, presence or absence of chronic diseases, psychological distress and physical activity, very short [<6 h, odds ratio (OR) = 4.78; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.95–11.76] and very long (>10 h, OR = 4.09; 95% CI 2.26–7.39) sleep duration and poor sleep quality (OR = 1.44; 95% CI 1.01–2.05) were associated with poor self-rated health.


Our results show both dependent and independent associations between sleep duration and sleep quality with self-rated health in a large sample of young adults. Thus, policies that promote adequate sleep duration and good sleep quality are warranted.

Keywords: health; logistic regression; sleeping habits; youth


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About the article

Received: 2018-01-09

Accepted: 2018-02-22

Published Online: 2018-10-20

Contributors: L.Š. conceived this study. L.Š., G.S. and T.K. wrote this manuscript and analyzed the data. L.Š. participated in data collection. All authors reviewed the manuscript.

Funding: This paper was self-funded.

Competing interests: The authors declare no competing financial interests and no conflict of interests.

Patient consent: Obtained (written).

Ethics approval: Institutional Ethics Committee of the Faculty of Kinesiology.

Citation Information: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, 20180007, ISSN (Online) 2191-0278, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2018-0007.

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